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COSTA RICA SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
COSTA RICA

Area (SqMi):19,730
# Species:873
# Excl Vagrants:807
# Endemics:5
# Near Endemics:82
Species/1000 SqMi:40.9

List of species that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Great TinamouTinamus major NT
2Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRR 
3Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
4Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetulaRR 
5White-bellied ChachalacaOrtalis leucogastraRR 
6Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
7Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
8Buffy-crowned Wood-PartridgeDendrortyx leucophrysLC 
9Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusRR 
10Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisLCNT
11Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLC 
12Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
13White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephala NT
14Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
15Inca DoveColumbina incaRR 
16Plain-breasted Ground-DoveColumbina minutaLC 
17Maroon-chested Ground-DoveClaravis mondetouraLC 
18Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
19Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrenciiLC 
20Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
21Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusRR 
22Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyi V
23White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisLC 
24Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufusLC 
25Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
26Common PotooNyctibius griseusRR 
27Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
28Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaNE 
29Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
30Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiRR 
31Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensisNE 
32Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeRR 
33White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisNE 
34Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
35Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisRR 
36Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiRR 
37Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
38White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
39Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
40Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaE 
41Magenta-throated WoodstarCalliphlox bryantaeNE 
42Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaNE 
43Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
44Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisNE 
45Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaLC 
46Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisNE 
47White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraNE 
48Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsE 
49SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataLC 
50Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraNE 
51Mangrove HummingbirdAmazilia boucardiEEN
52Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
53Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisLC 
54Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis NT
55SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLC 
56LimpkinAramus guaraunaRR 
57Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatusRR 
58Collared PloverCharadrius collarisLC 
59Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus NT
60Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis NT
61Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla NT
62Heermann's GullLarus heermanni NT
63Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRR 
64Elegant TernThalasseus elegans NT
65Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata EN
66Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia CR
67Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni V
68Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopus V
69Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus NT
70JabiruJabiru mycteriaRR 
71Wood StorkMycteria americanaRR 
72Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatusLC 
73Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumLC 
74Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens NT
75Agami HeronAgamia agamiLCV
76Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusLC 
77White IbisEudocimus albusLC 
78Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRR 
79Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLC 
80Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianusRR 
81Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsoniiRR 
82Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisLC 
83Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisLCNT
84Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLCNT
85Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
86Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLC 
87Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisRR 
88Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
89Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctusRR 
90White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusRR 
91Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumNE 
92Striped OwlAsio clamatorLC 
93Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno NT
94Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusNE 
95Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiNENT
96Elegant TrogonTrogon elegansRR 
97Orange-bellied TrogonTrogon aurantiiventrisNE 
98Tody MotmotHylomanes momotulaLC 
99Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumRRV
100Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaRR 
101Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaLC 
102Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusRR 
103Great JacamarJacamerops aureusRR 
104Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
105Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
106Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
107Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusRR 
108Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenNE 
109Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusRR 
110Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
111Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiRR 
112Red-throated CaracaraIbycter americanusRR 
113Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRR 
114Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
115Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliataRRV
116White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsRR 
117Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
118Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
119Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana NT
120Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularisRR 
121Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxRR 
122Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLCEN
123Scarlet MacawAra macaoLC 
124Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaLC 
125Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiNE 
126Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticepsNE 
127Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsRR 
128Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaNE 
129Black-crowned AntpittaPittasoma michleriLC 
130Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris NT
131Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
132Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusRR 
133Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis NT
134Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda NT
135Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaRR 
136Ivory-billed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus flavigasterRR 
137Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
138Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusRR 
139Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
140Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusNE 
141Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
142Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescensRR 
143Northern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma imberbeRR 
144Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumRR 
145Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusRR 
146Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisRR 
147Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLC 
148Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisRR 
149White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniNE 
150Northern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus arenarumLC 
151Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusRR 
152Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusRR 
153Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusRR 
154Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisNEV
155Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
156Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
157Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusNE 
158White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularisLC 
159Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsNE 
160Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensisLC 
161Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiRR 
162Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusRR 
163Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
164Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaLC 
165SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
166Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
167Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLC 
168Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiNEV
169Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus V
170Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeNEEN
171Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataRR 
172Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataRR 
173Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusNE 
174Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseicepsLC 
175Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensLC 
176Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
177Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeRR 
178Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesRR 
179Mangrove VireoVireo pallensRR 
180Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliNE 
181Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
182Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaNE 
183White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaRR 
184Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisRR 
185Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletusRR 
186Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLC 
187Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusRR 
188Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
189Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniNE 
190Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaRR 
191Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisRR 
192Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusRR 
193Spot-breasted WrenPheugopedius maculipectusRR 
194Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisNE 
195Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictusRR 
196Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusRR 
197Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
198Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusNE 
199Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusNE 
200White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albilorisRR 
201Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
202Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
203Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
204Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
205Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
206Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
207Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusNE 
208Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
209Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisRR 
210Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
211Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisRR 
212Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansNE 
213Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaLC 
214Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusLC 
215Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaLC 
216Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisLC 
217Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
218Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficaudaRR 
219Botteri's SparrowPeucaea botteriiLC 
220Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRR 
221Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatusRR 
222Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisNE 
223Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
224Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniNE 
225Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisNE 
226Cabanis's Ground-SparrowMelozone cabanisiE 
227Rusty SparrowAimophila rufescensLC 
228Yellow-thighed FinchPselliophorus tibialisNE 
229Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisRR 
230Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusRR 
231Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasLC 
232Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatusRR 
233Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralisLC 
234Nicaraguan GrackleQuiscalus nicaraguensisNE 
235Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
236Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisNE 
237Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisNE 
238Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
239Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysNE 
240Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
241Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
242WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
243Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataRR 
244Black-cheeked Ant-TanagerHabia atrimaxillarisEEN
245Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
246Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
247Painted BuntingPasserina cirisLCNT
248White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxNE 
249Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
250Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
251Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataRR 
252Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaRR 
253Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsNE 
254Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 
255Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
256Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
257Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 
258Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaLC 
259Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minutaLC 
260Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiNE 
261Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisLC 
262Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusRR 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered