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COSTA RICA SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
COSTA RICA

Area (SqMi):19,730
# Species:872
# Excl Vagrants:806
# Endemics:5
# Near Endemics:81
Species/1000 SqMi:40.9

List of species that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Great TinamouTinamus major NT
2Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRR 
3Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
4Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetulaRR 
5White-bellied ChachalacaOrtalis leucogastraRR 
6Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
7Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
8Buffy-crowned Wood-PartridgeDendrortyx leucophrysLC 
9Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusRR 
10Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisLCNT
11Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLC 
12Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
13White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephala NT
14Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
15Inca DoveColumbina incaRR 
16Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minutaLC 
17Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraLC 
18Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
19Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrenciiLC 
20Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
21Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusRR 
22Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyi V
23White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisLC 
24Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufusLC 
25Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
26Common PotooNyctibius griseusRR 
27Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
28Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaNE 
29Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
30Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiRR 
31Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensisNE 
32Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeRR 
33White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisNE 
34Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
35Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisRR 
36Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiRR 
37Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
38White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
39Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
40Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaE 
41Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantaeNE 
42Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaNE 
43Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
44Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisNE 
45Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaLC 
46Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisNE 
47White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraNE 
48Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsE 
49SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataLC 
50Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraNE 
51Mangrove HummingbirdAmazilia boucardiEEN
52Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
53Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisLC 
54Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis NT
55SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLC 
56LimpkinAramus guaraunaRR 
57Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatusRR 
58Collared PloverCharadrius collarisLC 
59Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus NT
60Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis NT
61Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla NT
62Heermann's GullLarus heermanni NT
63Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRR 
64Elegant TernThalasseus elegans NT
65Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata EN
66Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia CR
67Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni V
68Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopus V
69Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus NT
70JabiruJabiru mycteriaRR 
71Wood StorkMycteria americanaRR 
72Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatusLC 
73Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumLC 
74Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens NT
75Agami HeronAgamia agamiLCV
76Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusLC 
77White IbisEudocimus albusLC 
78Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRR 
79Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLC 
80Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianusRR 
81Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsoniiRR 
82Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisLC 
83Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisLCNT
84Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLCNT
85Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
86Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLC 
87Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisRR 
88Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
89Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctusRR 
90White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusRR 
91Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumNE 
92Striped OwlAsio clamatorLC 
93Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno NT
94Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusNE 
95Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiNENT
96Elegant TrogonTrogon elegansRR 
97Tody MotmotHylomanes momotulaLC 
98Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumRRV
99Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaRR 
100Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaLC 
101Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusRR 
102Great JacamarJacamerops aureusRR 
103Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
104Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
105Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
106Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusRR 
107Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenNE 
108Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusRR 
109Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
110Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiRR 
111Red-throated CaracaraIbycter americanusRR 
112Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRR 
113Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
114Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliataRRV
115White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsRR 
116Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
117Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
118Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana NT
119Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularisRR 
120Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxRR 
121Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLCEN
122Scarlet MacawAra macaoLC 
123Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaLC 
124Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiNE 
125Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticepsNE 
126Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsRR 
127Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaNE 
128Black-crowned AntpittaPittasoma michleriLC 
129Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris NT
130Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
131Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusRR 
132Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis NT
133Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda NT
134Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaRR 
135Ivory-billed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus flavigasterRR 
136Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
137Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusRR 
138Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
139Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusNE 
140Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
141Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescensRR 
142Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataRR 
143Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataRR 
144Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusNE 
145Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
146Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLC 
147Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiNEV
148Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus V
149Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeNEEN
150Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensLC 
151Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
152Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeRR 
153SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
154Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusRR 
155Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseicepsLC 
156Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusRR 
157Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLC 
158Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisRR 
159Northern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma imberbeRR 
160Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumRR 
161Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusRR 
162Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisRR 
163White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniNE 
164Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusRR 
165Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisNEV
166Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
167Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
168Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusNE 
169White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularisLC 
170Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsNE 
171Northern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus arenarumLC 
172Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensisLC 
173Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiRR 
174Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusRR 
175Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
176Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaLC 
177Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesRR 
178Mangrove VireoVireo pallensRR 
179Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliNE 
180Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
181Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaNE 
182White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaRR 
183Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisRR 
184White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albilorisRR 
185Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletusRR 
186Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLC 
187Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusRR 
188Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
189Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniNE 
190Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaRR 
191Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisRR 
192Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusRR 
193Spot-breasted WrenPheugopedius maculipectusRR 
194Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisNE 
195Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictusRR 
196Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusRR 
197Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
198Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusNE 
199Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusNE 
200Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
201Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
202Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
203Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
204Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
205Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
206Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusNE 
207Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
208Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisRR 
209Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
210Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisRR 
211Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansNE 
212Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaLC 
213Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusLC 
214Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaLC 
215Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisLC 
216Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
217Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficaudaRR 
218Botteri's SparrowPeucaea botteriiLC 
219Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRR 
220Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatusRR 
221Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisNE 
222Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
223Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniNE 
224Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisNE 
225Cabanis's Ground-SparrowMelozone cabanisiE 
226Rusty SparrowAimophila rufescensLC 
227Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisNE 
228Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisRR 
229Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusRR 
230Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasLC 
231Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatusRR 
232Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralisLC 
233Nicaraguan GrackleQuiscalus nicaraguensisNE 
234Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
235Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisNE 
236Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisNE 
237Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
238Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysNE 
239Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
240Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
241WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
242Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataRR 
243Black-cheeked Ant-TanagerHabia atrimaxillarisEEN
244Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
245Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
246Painted BuntingPasserina cirisLCNT
247White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxNE 
248Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
249Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
250Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataRR 
251Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaRR 
252Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsNE 
253Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 
254Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
255Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
256Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 
257Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaLC 
258Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minutaLC 
259Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiNE 
260Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisLC 
261Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusRR 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered