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COSTA RICA TARGET BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
COSTA RICA

Area (SqMi):19,730
# Species:873
# Excl Vagrants:807
# Endemics:5
# Near Endemics:82
Species/1000 SqMi:40.9

List of target birds found in the country broken down by locations. Target birds are those found only in restricted areas, are rarely seen anywhere, or are endemic or near endemic. Some species may be more easily seen in other countries. A separate target list can be viewed for each location by clicking its sidebar link.*

color codes

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiTHRS
2Great TinamouTinamus majorLSSS
3Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusWGSS
4Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorMV,SGSS
5Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusPBSS
6Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisLC,PB,WGOS
7Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusSGRS
8Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusWGOS
9Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeicepsPVSS
10Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusCA,MV,PV,TAUS
11/Mangrove Cuckoo/Coccyzus minorPVSS
12White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisOSRS
13Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusSG,THSS
14Great PotooNyctibius grandisARLOS
15Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiTHRS
16Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaOS,PB,TA,WGSS
17Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisSS
18Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeMV,RNSS
19Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiET,RNAS
20Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeARL,ET,RNUS
21<White-crested Coquette>Lophornis adorabilisOS,PB,TLSS
22Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiPVSS
23Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisTHUS
24Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaSGAS
25Magenta-throated WoodstarCalliphlox bryantaeMVSS
26Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaSG,THAS
27Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaSGAS
28Canivet's EmeraldChlorostilbon canivetiiPVOS
29Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisOS,TLSS
30Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaET,LS,RNUS
31Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaMVOS
32Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisLPUS
33White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraTH,WGSS
34Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsLP,MVUS
35SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataBC,ET,RNAS
36Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraLC,MA,OS,PB
WG
AS
37Mangrove HummingbirdAmazilia boucardiTASS
38Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardPB,WGUS
39Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciaeETUS
40Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisTARS
41White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisWGSS
42Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilisPBRS
43SungrebeHeliornis fulicaSVRS
44Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatusPV,TAOS
45SunbitternEurypyga heliasSVUS
46Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumSEOSS
47Agami HeronAgamia agamiLSRS
48Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLSSS
49Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisOSRS
50Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaOSRS
51Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusARLSS
52Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisOSRS
53Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorOSRS
54Crested OwlLophostrix cristataTASS
55Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataTASS
56Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumSG,THOS
57Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataTASS
58Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoMV,SGAS
59Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiCA,MA,OS,PB
WG
US
60Orange-bellied TrogonTrogon aurantiiventrisMVSS
61Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumARLRS
62Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaPV,TAUS
63Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusSS
64Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiMVUS
65Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiCA,LC,MA,TA
TL,WG
AS
66Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisARL,BCOS
67Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenLC,MA,OS,PB
WG
US
68Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusTLUS
69Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusOS
70Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusBCRS
71Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisOSOS
72<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineolaLC,SG,TH,WGSS
73Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliataTAUS
74White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsTASS
75Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniSG,THSS
76Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nanaLSOS
77Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxWGSS
78Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLS,SEO,SVSS
79Scarlet MacawAra macaoCA,OS,TAAS
80Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaSS
81Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiCA,LC,MA,OS
PB,WG
AS
82Checker-throated AntwrenEpinecrophylla fulviventrisOS
83White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisUS
84Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaARL,BCUS
85Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniARLOS
86Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesARLRS
87Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsMV,SG,TH,TPSS
88Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusBCOS
89Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusSS
90Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusWGSS
91Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisSGUS
92Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiMVSS
93Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusMV,SG,THSS
94Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusBCSS
95Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusMV,SGUS
96Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescensTLSS
97Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavumOS,PBSS
98Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiMV,RN,SG,THUS
99Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusPBSS
100Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusOS
101Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisRNUS
102Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisMV,SGUS
103Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusSG,THRS
104Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensMV,SGAS
105Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsSGAS
106Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiPVSS
107Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusSG,THSS
108Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaPB,TLUS
109SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusBCRS
110#Bare-necked Umbrellabird#Cephalopterus glabricollisLSRS
111Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLS,PBOS
112<Turquoise Cotinga>Cotinga ridgwayiLC,TL,WGSS
113Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusMVOS
114<Yellow-billed Cotinga>Carpodectes antoniaePBOS
115Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusLSRS
116Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearisCASS
117White-collared ManakinManacus candeiLS,RNUS
118Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusCA,MA,PBAS
119Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesOS,PBUS
120Mangrove VireoVireo pallensTAOS
121Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliSG,THSS
122Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaSG,THRS
123Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullataMVOS
124White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaPV,TAUS
125Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaARLSS
126Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusMV,SG,THSS
127Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniTHSS
128Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaCAUS
129Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisCA,MA,OS,PBUS
130Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusCA,WGSS
131Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisLS,RN,SEOSS
132Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictusPV,TAUS
133Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusCAUS
134Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusLS,RN,SEOSS
135Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusCA,LC,MA,PB
WG
US
136Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusARLSS
137White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albilorisPV,TAUS
138Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsMV,SGUS
139Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisSG,THAS
140Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanusMV,RNSS
141Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusMV,SG,THSS
142Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensMV,THAS
143Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaMVOS
144Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusSGAS
145Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisPV,TAUS
146Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaTH,WGSS
147Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansCA,PB,WGAS
148Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaPBRS
149Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisBCSS
150Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficaudaPV,TASS
151Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisOSRS
152Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisMVOS
153Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniTHSS
154Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisTHSS
155White-eared Ground-SparrowMelozone leucotisMVSS
156Yellow-thighed FinchPselliophorus tibialisSG,THUS
157Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasSS
158Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralisPVOS
159Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisSG,THUS
160Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisWGSS
161Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysSGUS
162Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusMV,SGAS
163WrenthrushZeledonia coronataSG,THOS
164Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiBCUS
165Black-cheeked Ant-TanagerHabia atrimaxillarisOS,PBSS
166Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliBC,RNUS
167Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiBCUS
168White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxBCOS
169Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiMVSS
170Speckled TanagerIxothraupis guttataLC,RN,WGUS
171Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiMV,SGUS
172Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaARLRS
173Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasRN,SEOSS
174Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaSG,THAS
175<Peg-billed Finch>Acanthidops bairdiMV,THRS
176Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiLSRS
177Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusLC,OS,PB,TLUS

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

LIKELIHOOD CODES

ASAlways Seen
USUsually Seen
SSSometimes Seen
OSOccasionally Seen
RSRarely Seen