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COSTA RICA TARGET BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
COSTA RICA

Area (SqMi):19,730
# Species:872
# Excl Vagrants:806
# Endemics:5
# Near Endemics:81
Species/1000 SqMi:40.9

List of target birds found in the country broken down by locations. Target birds are those found only in restricted areas, are rarely seen anywhere, or are endemic or near endemic. Some species may be more easily seen in other countries. A separate target list can be viewed for each location by clicking its sidebar link.*

color codes

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiTHRS
2Great TinamouTinamus majorLSSS
3Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusWGSS
4Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorMV,SGSS
5Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusPBSS
6Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisLC,PB,WGOS
7Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusSGRS
8Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusWGOS
9Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeicepsPVSS
10Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusCA,MV,PV,TAUS
11/Mangrove Cuckoo/Coccyzus minorPVSS
12White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisOSRS
13Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusSG,THSS
14Great PotooNyctibius grandisARLOS
15Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiTHRS
16Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaOS,PB,TA,WGSS
17Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisSS
18Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeMV,RNSS
19Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiET,RNAS
20Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeARL,ET,RNUS
21<White-crested Coquette>Lophornis adorabilisOS,PB,TLSS
22Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiPVSS
23Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisTHUS
24Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaSGAS
25Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantaeMVSS
26Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaSG,THAS
27Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaSGAS
28Canivet's EmeraldChlorostilbon canivetiiPVOS
29Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisOS,TLSS
30Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaET,LS,RNUS
31Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaMVOS
32Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisLPUS
33White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraTH,WGSS
34Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsLP,MVUS
35SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataBC,ET,RNAS
36Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraLC,MA,OS,PB
WG
AS
37Mangrove HummingbirdAmazilia boucardiTASS
38Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardPB,WGUS
39Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciaeETUS
40Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisTARS
41White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisWGSS
42Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilisPBRS
43SungrebeHeliornis fulicaSVRS
44Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatusPV,TAOS
45SunbitternEurypyga heliasSVUS
46Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumSEOSS
47Agami HeronAgamia agamiLSRS
48Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLSSS
49Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisOSRS
50Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaOSRS
51Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusARLSS
52Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisOSRS
53Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorOSRS
54Crested OwlLophostrix cristataTASS
55Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataTASS
56Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumSG,THOS
57Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataTASS
58Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoMV,SGAS
59Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiCA,MA,OS,PB
WG
US
60Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumARLRS
61Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaPV,TAUS
62Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusSS
63Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiMVUS
64Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiCA,LC,MA,TA
TL,WG
AS
65Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisARL,BCOS
66Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenLC,MA,OS,PB
WG
US
67Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusTLUS
68Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusOS
69Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusBCRS
70Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisOSOS
71<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineolaLC,SG,TH,WGSS
72Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliataTAUS
73White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsTASS
74Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniSG,THSS
75Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nanaLSOS
76Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxWGSS
77Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLS,SEO,SVSS
78Scarlet MacawAra macaoCA,OS,TAAS
79Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaSS
80Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiCA,LC,MA,OS
PB,WG
AS
81Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisOS
82White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisUS
83Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaARL,BCUS
84Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniARLOS
85Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesARLRS
86Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsMV,SG,TH,TPSS
87Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusBCOS
88Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusSS
89Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusWGSS
90Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisSGUS
91Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiMVSS
92Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusMV,SG,THSS
93Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusBCSS
94Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusMV,SGUS
95Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescensTLSS
96Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearisCASS
97White-collared ManakinManacus candeiLS,RNUS
98Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusCA,MA,PBAS
99#Bare-necked Umbrellabird#Cephalopterus glabricollisLSRS
100Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLS,PBOS
101<Turquoise Cotinga>Cotinga ridgwayiLC,TL,WGSS
102Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusMVOS
103<Yellow-billed Cotinga>Carpodectes antoniaePBOS
104Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusLSRS
105SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusBCRS
106Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusPBSS
107Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusOS
108Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavumOS,PBSS
109Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiMV,RN,SG,THUS
110Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisRNUS
111Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisMV,SGUS
112Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusSG,THRS
113Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensMV,SGAS
114Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsSGAS
115Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiPVSS
116Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusSG,THSS
117Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaPB,TLUS
118Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesOS,PBUS
119Mangrove VireoVireo pallensTAOS
120Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliSG,THSS
121Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaSG,THRS
122Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullataMVOS
123White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaPV,TAUS
124White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albilorisPV,TAUS
125Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaARLSS
126Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusMV,SG,THSS
127Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniTHSS
128Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaCAUS
129Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisCA,MA,OS,PBUS
130Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusCA,WGSS
131Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisLS,RN,SEOSS
132Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictusPV,TAUS
133Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusCAUS
134Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusLS,RN,SEOSS
135Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusCA,LC,MA,PB
WG
US
136Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusARLSS
137Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsMV,SGUS
138Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisSG,THAS
139Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanusMV,RNSS
140Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusMV,SG,THSS
141Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensMV,THAS
142Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaMVOS
143Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusSGAS
144Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisPV,TAUS
145Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaTH,WGSS
146Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansCA,PB,WGAS
147Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaPBRS
148Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisBCSS
149Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficaudaPV,TASS
150Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisOSRS
151Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisMVOS
152Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniTHSS
153Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisTHSS
154White-eared Ground-SparrowMelozone leucotisMVSS
155Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisSG,THUS
156Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasSS
157Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralisPVOS
158Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisSG,THUS
159Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisWGSS
160Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysSGUS
161Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusMV,SGAS
162WrenthrushZeledonia coronataSG,THOS
163Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiBCUS
164Black-cheeked Ant-TanagerHabia atrimaxillarisOS,PBSS
165Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliBC,RNUS
166Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiBCUS
167White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxBCOS
168Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiMVSS
169Speckled TanagerIxothraupis guttataLC,RN,WGUS
170Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiMV,SGUS
171Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaARLRS
172Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasRN,SEOSS
173Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaSG,THAS
174<Peg-billed Finch>Acanthidops bairdiMV,THRS
175Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiLSRS
176Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusLC,OS,PB,TLUS

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

LIKELIHOOD CODES

ASAlways Seen
USUsually Seen
SSSometimes Seen
OSOccasionally Seen
RSRarely Seen