↑NEOTROPICS">
NEOTROPICS↑

↑PANAMA">
PANAMA↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

CERRO AZUL/JEFE

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:130
# Excl Vagrants*:130
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:9
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Roadsides, dry forest, scrub

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

1Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

2Rock PigeonColumba liviaUC
3Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
4Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaFC
5Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiFC
6White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
7Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassinii?
8Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrencii?
9Russet-crowned Quail-DoveZentrygon goldmani?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

10Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

11Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufusFC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

12Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaR

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

13White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraFC
14White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaR
15Green HermitPhaethornis guyC
16Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisFC
17Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiR
18Rufous-crested CoquetteLophornis delattreiR
19Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiFC
20Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia?
21Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiUC
22Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardC
23Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC
24Violet-capped HummingbirdGoldmania violicepsFC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

25/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
26/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

27Snowy EgretEgretta thula?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

28Black VultureCoragyps atratus?
29Turkey VultureCathartes aura?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

30/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

31White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusFC
32Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
33Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
34Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus?
35White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusUC

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

36Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatus?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

37Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisUC
38Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?
39Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

40Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillus?
41Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
42Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusUC
43Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusUC
44Stripe-cheeked WoodpeckerPiculus callopterus?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

45Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusVR
46Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisUC
47Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisFC
48Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus?
49Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

50Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusUC
51Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaC
52Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusUC
53Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisUC
54Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorR

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

55Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
56Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroaUC
57Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaFC
58Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusUC
59Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusFC
60Plain XenopsXenops minutusFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

61White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo alteraFC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

62Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

63Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusFC
64Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusC
65Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
66Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
67Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusUC
68Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaUC
69White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusUC
70Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

71Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusUC
72/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicusUC
73|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceusFC
74Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisFC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

75White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisUC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

76Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisUC
77Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
78Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

79House WrenTroglodytes aedonC
80White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaFC
81Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

82Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterUC
83Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletusUC
84\Clay-colored Thrush\Turdus grayi?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

85Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisFC
86Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaUC
87White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaUC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

88Tacarcuna ChlorospingusChlorospingus tacarcunaeUC
89Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisUC
90Black-headed BrushfinchArremon atricapillusUC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

91/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia?
92/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrinaC
93/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticillaUC
94/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea?
95Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifronsUC
96Tacarcuna WarblerBasileuterus tacarcunaeUC
97Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatus?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

98Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

99Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaC
100/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraC
101Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica?
102Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliFC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

103Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataUC
104White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosus?
105Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatus?
106Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusC
107Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
108Speckled TanagerIxothraupis guttataR
109Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataR
110Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataUC
111Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaR
112Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
113Emerald TanagerTangara floridaR
114Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
115Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
116Blue DacnisDacnis cayana?
117Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidusFC
118Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusC
119Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
120Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsUC
121Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasFC
122Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
123Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
124Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaFC
125Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
126BananaquitCoereba flaveolaFC
127Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusFC
128Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusUC
129Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusUC
130Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain