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DESCRIPTION

CERRO AZUL/JEFE

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:130
# Excl Vagrants*:130
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:9
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Roadsides, dry forest, scrub

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLC 
2Russet-crowned Quail-DoveZentrygon goldmaniNENT
3Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaRR 
4Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
5Violet-capped HummingbirdGoldmania violicepsNE 
6White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusLC 
7Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatusNE 
8Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
9Stripe-cheeked WoodpeckerPiculus callopterusE 
10Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusRR 
11Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusRR 
12Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysRR 
13Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
14Tacarcuna ChlorospingusChlorospingus tacarcunaeNE 
15Black-headed BrushfinchArremon atricapillusNE 
16Tacarcuna WarblerBasileuterus tacarcunaeNE 
17Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaLC 
18Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaLC 
19Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaRR 
20Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsNE 
21Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered