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DESCRIPTION

WESTERN LOWLANDS

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:235
# Excl Vagrants*:235
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:12
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Agricultural, pastures, remnant forests

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
2Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRR 
3Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorLC 
4White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisLC 
5Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaNE 
6Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusRR 
7Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiLC 
8Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensisNE 
9White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisNE 
10Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisNE 
11Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraNE 
12Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
13Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerLC 
14Northern JacanaJacana spinosaRR 
15Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
16Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
17Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneusRR 
18White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisRR 
19Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
20Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxLC 
21Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiRR 
22Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesRR 
23Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaRR 
24Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusRR 
25Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusNE 
26Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataRR 
27White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraRR 
28Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusRRV
29Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeNEEN
30Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLC 
31Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisLC 
32Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisLC 
33Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusRR 
34Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
35Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusNE 
36Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusNE 
37Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
38Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaLC 
39Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumLC 
40Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasRR 
41Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaLC 
42Painted BuntingPasserina cirisLCNT
43Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaLC 
44Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiRR 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered