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PANAMA SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
PANAMA

Area (SqMi):29,762
# Species:944
# Excl Vagrants:846
# Endemics:7
# Near Endemics:106
Species/1000 SqMi:28.4

List of species that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiRR 
2Great TinamouTinamus major NT
3Choco TinamouCrypturellus kerriaeNEV
4Comb DuckSarkidiornis sylvicolaLC 
5Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
6Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
7Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
8Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusLC 
9Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisRRNT
10Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLC 
11Tacarcuna Wood-QuailOdontophorus dialeucosNEV
12Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
13Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusRR 
14White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaLCNT
15Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataRR 
16Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaRR 
17Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaLCV
18Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniRR 
19Common Ground DoveColumbina passerinaLC 
20Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraRR 
21Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeicepsLC 
22Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
23Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
24Russet-crowned Quail-DoveZentrygon goldmaniNENT
25White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaLC 
26Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRR 
27Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiLCV
28Little CuckooCoccycua minutaRR 
29Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorLC 
30White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisLC 
31Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
32Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaRR 
33Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
34Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalisLC 
35Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraRR 
36Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaNE 
37Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisRR 
38Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusRR 
39Pale-bellied HermitPhaethornis anthophilusRR 
40Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeLC 
41Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
42Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusRR 
43Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialisRR 
44Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiLC 
45Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensisNE 
46White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisNE 
47Greenish PufflegHaplophaedia aureliaeRR 
48Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
49Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
50White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
51Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
52White-throated Mountain-gemLampornis castaneoventrisE 
53Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantaeNE 
54Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaNE 
55Glow-throated HummingbirdSelasphorus ardensEEN
56Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
57Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisNE 
58Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusRR 
59Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaRR 
60Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisNE 
61White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraNE 
62SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataRR 
63Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraNE 
64Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
65Pirre HummingbirdGoethalsia bellaNENT
66Violet-capped HummingbirdGoldmania violicepsNE 
67Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisLC 
68Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerLC 
69Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis NT
70SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLC 
71LimpkinAramus guaraunaLC 
72Collared PloverCharadrius collarisLC 
73Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus NT
74Northern JacanaJacana spinosaRR 
75Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaLC 
76SurfbirdCalidris virgataLC 
77Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis NT
78Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla NT
79Inca TernLarosterna inca NT
80Elegant TernThalasseus elegans NT
81Galapagos PenguinSpheniscus mendiculus EN
82Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostoma EN
83Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans V
84Waved AlbatrossPhoebastria irrorata CR
85Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia CR
86Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni V
87Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus NT
88Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis CR
89Guanay CormorantPhalacrocorax bougainvillii NT
90Least BitternIxobrychus exilisLC 
91Cocoi HeronArdea cocoiRR 
92Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens NT
93Agami HeronAgamia agamiLCV
94Capped HeronPilherodius pileatusRR 
95Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaLC 
96Crested EagleMorphnus guianensis NT
97Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLCNT
98Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
99Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLC 
100Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisLC 
101Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea V
102Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
103White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusLC 
104Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRR 
105Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumNE 
106Unspotted Saw-whet OwlAegolius ridgwayiRR 
107Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsLC 
108Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoRRNT
109Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusNE 
110Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiNENT
111Tody MotmotHylomanes momotulaLC 
112Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatusRR 
113Gray-cheeked NunletNonnula frontalisNE 
114Dusky-backed JacamarBrachygalba salmoniNE 
115Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaRR 
116Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatusNE 
117Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
118Violet-throated Toucanet**Aulacorhynchus cognatusNE 
119Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
120Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
121Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisLC 
122Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusRR 
123Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenNE 
124Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
125Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusLC 
126Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiLC 
127Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisRR 
128Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneusRR 
129Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplexNE 
130Stripe-cheeked WoodpeckerPiculus callopterusE 
131Golden-green WoodpeckerPiculus chrysochlorosRR 
132Spot-breasted WoodpeckerColaptes punctigulaLC 
133Aplomado FalconFalco femoralisLC 
134Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucus NT
135Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
136Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusRR 
137Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaRR 
138Saffron-headed ParrotPyrilia pyriliaRRNT
139White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisRR 
140Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
141Spectacled ParrotletForpus conspicillatusLC 
142Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
143Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana NT
144Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxLC 
145Blue-and-yellow MacawAra araraunaRR 
146Great Green MacawAra ambiguus EN
147Red-and-green MacawAra chloropterusRR 
148Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severusRR 
149Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiRR 
150Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaLC 
151Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiNE 
152Black AntshrikeThamnophilus nigricepsNE 
153Spiny-faced AntshrikeXenornis setifronsNEV
154Pygmy AntwrenMyrmotherula brachyuraRR 
155Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatusRR 
156White-fringed AntwrenFormicivora griseaRR 
157Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricansLC 
158White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipesRR 
159Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaNE 
160Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniRR 
161Wing-banded AntbirdMyrmornis torquataLCNT
162Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisLC 
163Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesRR 
164Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostrisLCNT
165Tacarcuna TapaculoScytalopus panamensisNEV
166Nariño TapaculoScytalopus viciniorLC 
167Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
168Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusLC 
169Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularisRRNT
170Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda NT
171Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaRR 
172Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnusLC 
173Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusLC 
174Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusRR 
175Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisRR 
176Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansRR 
177Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
178Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraRR 
179Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumRR 
180Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticepsRR 
181Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusLC 
182Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
183Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusNE 
184Beautiful TreerunnerMargarornis bellulusENT
185Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
186Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiRR 
187Rusty-backed SpinetailCranioleuca vulpinaRR 
188Coiba SpinetailCranioleuca dissitaE 
189Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraLC 
190Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataRR 
191Green ManakinCryptopipo holochloraRR 
192White-collared ManakinManacus candeiRR 
193Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusNE 
194Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusNE 
195White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraRR 
196Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
197Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiNEV
198Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusRRV
199Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiLC 
200Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeNEEN
201Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusRR 
202Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
203Cinereous BecardPachyramphus rufusLC 
204Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusRR 
205One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrousRR 
206SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
207Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusLC 
208Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusRR 
209Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLC 
210Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisLC 
211Yellow-green TyrannuletPhylloscartes flavovirensE 
212Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisLC 
213Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniRR 
214Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulareRR 
215Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumNE 
216Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisLC 
217Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusRR 
218Yellow-breasted FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventrisRR 
219Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis canicepsLC 
220Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiRR 
221Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaRR 
222White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniNE 
223Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsRR 
224Black-billed FlycatcherAphanotriccus audaxNENT
225Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusRR 
226Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
227Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
228Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusNE 
229Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensRR 
230Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsNE 
231Pied Water-TyrantFluvicola picaRR 
232Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseusRR 
233Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
234Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusRR 
235Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusRR 
236Yellow-browed Shrike-VireoVireolanius eximiusLC 
237Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifronsRR 
238Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliNE 
239Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
240Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaNE 
241Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullataRR 
242Brown JayPsilorhinus morioRR 
243Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapillaRR 
244Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaLC 
245Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
246Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniNE 
247White-headed WrenCampylorhynchus albobrunneusNE 
248Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusRR 
249Sooty-headed WrenPheugopedius spadixNE 
250Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisNE 
251Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonRR 
252Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
253Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusNE 
254Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusNE 
255Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotisRR 
256Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysRR 
257American DipperCinclus mexicanusRR 
258Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
259Varied SolitaireMyadestes coloratusNE 
260Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
261Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostrisRR 
262Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
263Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiRR 
264Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanusRR 
265Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
266Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusRR 
267Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
268Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
269Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusNE 
270Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
271Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
272Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaRR 
273Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansNE 
274Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldiRR 
275Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterRR 
276Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaLC 
277Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusRR 
278Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisLC 
279Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
280Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusRR 
281Tacarcuna ChlorospingusChlorospingus tacarcunaeNE 
282Pirre ChlorospingusChlorospingus inornatusNE 
283Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumLC 
284Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisNE 
285Black-headed BrushfinchArremon atricapillusNE 
286Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaRR 
287Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
288Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniNE 
289Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisRR 
290Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisNE 
291White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaRR 
292Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisNE 
293Yellow-green FinchAtlapetes luteoviridisEV
294Black OropendolaPsarocolius guatimozinusNE 
295Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasRR 
296Orange-crowned OrioleIcterus auricapillusRR 
297Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
298Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisNE 
299Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaLC 
300Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaRR 
301Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisNE 
302Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
303Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysNE 
304Pirre WarblerBasileuterus ignotusNEV
305Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorusRR 
306Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
307Tacarcuna WarblerBasileuterus tacarcunaeNE 
308Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusRR 
309Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
310WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
311Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaLC 
312Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataLC 
313White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraRR 
314Lemon-spectacled TanagerChlorothraupis olivaceaRR 
315Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogasterRR 
316Yellow-green GrosbeakCaryothraustes canadensisLC 
317Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
318Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
319Painted BuntingPasserina cirisLCNT
320White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxNE 
321Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentusLC 
322Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
323Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeriRR 
324Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
325Green-naped TanagerTangara fucosaNENT
326Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaLC 
327Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaRR 
328Swallow TanagerTersina viridisRR 
329Viridian DacnisDacnis viguieriNENT
330Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleusRR 
331Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsNE 
332Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusRR 
333Yellow-backed TanagerHemithraupis flavicollisRR 
334Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 
335White-eared ConebillConirostrum leucogenysNE 
336Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
337Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaRR 
338Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 
339Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaLC 
340Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteolaRR 
341Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaLC 
342Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiNE 
343Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiRR 
344Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaLC 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered