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PANAMA SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

NEOTROPICS
PANAMA

Area (SqMi):29,762
# Species:945
# Excl Vagrants:847
# Endemics:7
# Near Endemics:107
Species/1000 SqMi:28.5

List of species that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiRR 
2Great TinamouTinamus major NT
3Choco TinamouCrypturellus kerriaeNEV
4Comb DuckSarkidiornis sylvicolaLC 
5Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
6Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
7Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
8Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusLC 
9Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisRRNT
10Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLC 
11Tacarcuna Wood-QuailOdontophorus dialeucosNEV
12Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
13Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusRR 
14White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaLCNT
15Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataRR 
16Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaRR 
17Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaLCV
18Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniRR 
19Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerinaLC 
20Maroon-chested Ground-DoveClaravis mondetouraRR 
21Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeicepsLC 
22Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
23Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
24Russet-crowned Quail-DoveZentrygon goldmaniNENT
25White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaLC 
26Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRR 
27Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiLCV
28Little CuckooCoccycua minutaRR 
29Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorLC 
30White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisLC 
31Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
32Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaRR 
33Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
34Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalisLC 
35Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraRR 
36Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaNE 
37Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisRR 
38Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusRR 
39Pale-bellied HermitPhaethornis anthophilusRR 
40Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeLC 
41Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
42Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusRR 
43Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialisRR 
44Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiLC 
45Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensisNE 
46White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisNE 
47Greenish PufflegHaplophaedia aureliaeRR 
48Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
49Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
50White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
51Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
52White-throated Mountain-gemLampornis castaneoventrisE 
53Magenta-throated WoodstarCalliphlox bryantaeNE 
54Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaNE 
55Glow-throated HummingbirdSelasphorus ardensEEN
56Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
57Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisNE 
58Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusRR 
59Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaRR 
60Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisNE 
61White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraNE 
62SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataRR 
63Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraNE 
64Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
65Pirre HummingbirdGoethalsia bellaNENT
66Violet-capped HummingbirdGoldmania violicepsNE 
67Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisLC 
68Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerLC 
69Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis NT
70SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLC 
71LimpkinAramus guaraunaLC 
72Collared PloverCharadrius collarisLC 
73Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus NT
74Northern JacanaJacana spinosaRR 
75Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaLC 
76SurfbirdCalidris virgataLC 
77Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis NT
78Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla NT
79Inca TernLarosterna inca NT
80Elegant TernThalasseus elegans NT
81Galapagos PenguinSpheniscus mendiculus EN
82Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostoma EN
83Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans V
84Waved AlbatrossPhoebastria irrorata CR
85Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia CR
86Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni V
87Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus NT
88Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis CR
89Guanay CormorantPhalacrocorax bougainvillii NT
90Least BitternIxobrychus exilisLC 
91Cocoi HeronArdea cocoiRR 
92Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens NT
93Agami HeronAgamia agamiLCV
94Capped HeronPilherodius pileatusRR 
95Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaLC 
96Crested EagleMorphnus guianensis NT
97Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLCNT
98Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
99Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLC 
100Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisLC 
101Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea V
102Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
103White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusLC 
104Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRR 
105Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumNE 
106Unspotted Saw-whet OwlAegolius ridgwayiRR 
107Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsLC 
108Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoRRNT
109Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusNE 
110Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiNENT
111Orange-bellied TrogonTrogon aurantiiventrisNE 
112Tody MotmotHylomanes momotulaLC 
113Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatusRR 
114Gray-cheeked NunletNonnula frontalisNE 
115Dusky-backed JacamarBrachygalba salmoniNE 
116Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaRR 
117Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatusNE 
118Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
119Violet-throated Toucanet**Aulacorhynchus cognatusNE 
120Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
121Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
122Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisLC 
123Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusRR 
124Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenNE 
125Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
126Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusLC 
127Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiLC 
128Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisRR 
129Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneusRR 
130Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplexNE 
131Stripe-cheeked WoodpeckerPiculus callopterusE 
132Golden-green WoodpeckerPiculus chrysochlorosRR 
133Spot-breasted WoodpeckerColaptes punctigulaLC 
134Aplomado FalconFalco femoralisLC 
135Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucus NT
136Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
137Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusRR 
138Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaRR 
139Saffron-headed ParrotPyrilia pyriliaRRNT
140White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisRR 
141Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
142Spectacled ParrotletForpus conspicillatusLC 
143Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
144Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana NT
145Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxLC 
146Blue-and-yellow MacawAra araraunaRR 
147Great Green MacawAra ambiguus EN
148Red-and-green MacawAra chloropterusRR 
149Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severusRR 
150Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiRR 
151Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaLC 
152Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiNE 
153Black AntshrikeThamnophilus nigricepsNE 
154Spiny-faced AntshrikeXenornis setifronsNEV
155Pygmy AntwrenMyrmotherula brachyuraRR 
156Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatusRR 
157White-fringed AntwrenFormicivora griseaRR 
158Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricansLC 
159White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipesRR 
160Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaNE 
161Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniRR 
162Wing-banded AntbirdMyrmornis torquataLCNT
163Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisLC 
164Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesRR 
165Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostrisLCNT
166Tacarcuna TapaculoScytalopus panamensisNEV
167Nariño TapaculoScytalopus viciniorLC 
168Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
169Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusLC 
170Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularisRRNT
171Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda NT
172Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaRR 
173Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnusLC 
174Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusLC 
175Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusRR 
176Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisRR 
177Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansRR 
178Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
179Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraRR 
180Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumRR 
181Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticepsRR 
182Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusLC 
183Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
184Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusNE 
185Beautiful TreerunnerMargarornis bellulusENT
186Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
187Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiRR 
188Rusty-backed SpinetailCranioleuca vulpinaRR 
189Coiba SpinetailCranioleuca dissitaE 
190Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraLC 
191Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis canicepsLC 
192Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiRR 
193Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaRR 
194Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLC 
195Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisLC 
196Yellow-green TyrannuletPhylloscartes flavovirensE 
197Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisLC 
198White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniNE 
199Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsRR 
200Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniRR 
201Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulareRR 
202Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumNE 
203Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisLC 
204Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusRR 
205Yellow-breasted FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventrisRR 
206Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusRR 
207Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusLC 
208Black-billed FlycatcherAphanotriccus audaxNENT
209Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusRR 
210Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
211Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
212Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusNE 
213Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensRR 
214Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsNE 
215Pied Water-TyrantFluvicola picaRR 
216Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseusRR 
217Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
218Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusRR 
219SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
220Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
221Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiNEV
222Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusRRV
223Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiLC 
224Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeNEEN
225Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusRR 
226Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataRR 
227Green ManakinCryptopipo holochloraRR 
228White-collared ManakinManacus candeiRR 
229Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusNE 
230Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusNE 
231White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraRR 
232Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
233Cinereous BecardPachyramphus rufusLC 
234Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusRR 
235One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrousRR 
236Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusRR 
237Yellow-browed Shrike-VireoVireolanius eximiusLC 
238Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifronsRR 
239Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliNE 
240Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
241Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaNE 
242Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullataRR 
243Brown JayPsilorhinus morioRR 
244Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
245Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniNE 
246White-headed WrenCampylorhynchus albobrunneusNE 
247Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusRR 
248Sooty-headed WrenPheugopedius spadixNE 
249Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisNE 
250Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonRR 
251Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
252Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusNE 
253Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusNE 
254Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotisRR 
255Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysRR 
256Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaLC 
257American DipperCinclus mexicanusRR 
258Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapillaRR 
259Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
260Varied SolitaireMyadestes coloratusNE 
261Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
262Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostrisRR 
263Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
264Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiRR 
265Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanusRR 
266Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
267Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusRR 
268Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
269Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
270Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusNE 
271Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
272Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
273Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaRR 
274Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansNE 
275Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldiRR 
276Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterRR 
277Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaLC 
278Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusRR 
279Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisLC 
280Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
281Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusRR 
282Tacarcuna ChlorospingusChlorospingus tacarcunaeNE 
283Pirre ChlorospingusChlorospingus inornatusNE 
284Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumLC 
285Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisNE 
286Black-headed BrushfinchArremon atricapillusNE 
287Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaRR 
288Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
289Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniNE 
290Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisRR 
291Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisNE 
292Yellow-thighed FinchPselliophorus tibialisNE 
293Yellow-green FinchPselliophorus luteoviridisEV
294White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaRR 
295Black OropendolaPsarocolius guatimozinusNE 
296Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasRR 
297Orange-crowned OrioleIcterus auricapillusRR 
298Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
299Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisNE 
300Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaLC 
301Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaRR 
302Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisNE 
303Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
304Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysNE 
305Pirre WarblerBasileuterus ignotusNEV
306Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorusRR 
307Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
308Tacarcuna WarblerBasileuterus tacarcunaeNE 
309Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusRR 
310Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
311WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
312Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaLC 
313Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataLC 
314White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraRR 
315Lemon-spectacled TanagerChlorothraupis olivaceaRR 
316Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogasterRR 
317Yellow-green GrosbeakCaryothraustes canadensisLC 
318Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
319Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
320Painted BuntingPasserina cirisLCNT
321White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxNE 
322Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentusLC 
323Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
324Gray-and-gold TanagerTangara palmeriRR 
325Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
326Green-naped TanagerTangara fucosaNENT
327Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaLC 
328Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaRR 
329Swallow TanagerTersina viridisRR 
330Viridian DacnisDacnis viguieriNENT
331Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleusRR 
332Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsNE 
333Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusRR 
334Yellow-backed TanagerHemithraupis flavicollisRR 
335Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 
336White-eared ConebillConirostrum leucogenysNE 
337Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
338Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaRR 
339Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 
340Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaLC 
341Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteolaRR 
342Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaLC 
343Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiNE 
344Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiRR 
345Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaLC 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER COUNTRIES

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered