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DESCRIPTION

DISCOVERY CENTER

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species:241
# Excl Vagrants:241
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:4
Habitat: Primary forest, secondary forest, ponds

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Great TinamouTinamus major NT
2Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
3Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
4Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisRRNT
5Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiLCV
6Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
7Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraRR 
8Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardNE 
9SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLC 
10LimpkinAramus guaraunaLC 
11Least BitternIxobrychus exilisLC 
12Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLCNT
13Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
14Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisLC 
15Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea V
16Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
17Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
18White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipesRR 
19Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusNE 
20Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumNE 
21Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusRR 
22Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusRR 
23Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
24Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered