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SPECIALTIES

HIGHLIGHTS BIRD PHOTO TOUR

Bird Checklist for Tour

COSTA RICA
PHOTO TOUR
ANY TIME*

Duration:9 days, 8 nights
Group Size:2-8
Anytime Price:$2975
Group Price:$2675
Single Suppl:$400
Pace:Easy
Difficulty:Easy
* This tour is available for any dates of your choosing provided guide services and accommodations are available.

List of species found in some or all areas included on the tour. List may be incomplete. The table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. See sidebar for meaning of location codes and symbols associated with common names.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiSG,THUC
2Great TinamouTinamus majorCA,LS,SEO?
3Little TinamouCrypturellus souiCA,LS,SEO?
4Slaty-breasted TinamouCrypturellus boucardiLSUC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

5Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
6Muscovy DuckCairina moschataLS,SEO?
7Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsLSR
8American WigeonMareca americanaLSX
9Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusSEO?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

10Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsLS,SEO?
11Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensCA,LS,SEO,SV?
12Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorSG,THUC
13Great CurassowCrax rubraCA,LS,SEO?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

14Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusLSX
15Buffy-crowned Wood-PartridgeDendrortyx leucophrysSGR
16Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLSX
17Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusSGUC
18Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusLS,SG,THUC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

19Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusCA,LSUC
20Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsCAVR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

21Rock PigeonColumba liviaLS,SV?
22Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisLSUC
23Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaLSR
24Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
25Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataSG,THA
26Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaSG,THA
27Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
28Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
29Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaCA,LSFC
30Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraTHX
31Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaCA,LSFC
32Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violaceaLSX
33Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisLSUC
34White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiCA,LS,SGA
35Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
36Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisSG,THUC
37Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrenciiLSX
38Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisSG,THR
39White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaLSX
40Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraLSX

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

41Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
42Striped CuckooTapera naeviaCA,LSUC
43Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusCAUC
44Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiLSVR
45Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
46Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusCA,LS,SEO?
47Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorLSR
48Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusLS,SEO?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

49Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisCA,LSC
50Common NighthawkChordeiles minorLS,SEO?
51Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusCA,LSFC
52Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisCA,LS,SEO,SGA
53Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisLS,SEO?
54Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusSG,THFC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

55Great PotooNyctibius grandisLSUC
56Common PotooNyctibius griseusLS,SEO?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

57Black SwiftCypseloides nigerLS,SVR
58White-chinned SwiftCypseloides cryptusSG?
59Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiLS,SG,TH?
60Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
FC
61White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
C
62Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaLS,SV?
63Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiLS,SG,THC
64Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaCAC
65Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisLS,SEO?
66Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisCA,LS,SEO?
67Great Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila sanctihieronymiLSX

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

68White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
69White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaET,LS?
70Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusCA,LSFC
71Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriCA,LSFC
72Green HermitPhaethornis guyLSX
73Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
74Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisCA,LS,SEO?
75Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeSG,THUC
76Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLSX
77Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusSG,THA
78Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiCA,LS,SEO?
79Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiET,LS,SEO?
80Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiET,LS?
81Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeET,LS?
82White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisCAX
83Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaLS,SG,THR
84Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensSG,THA
85Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisCA,LSUC
86Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiCAR
87Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisSG,THFC
88Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaSG,THA
89Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisCA,LS,SEO?
90Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaSG,THA
91Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaSG,THA
92Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiET,LS?
93Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiCA,LS,SEO?
94Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusCA,SG,THUC
95Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaET,LS,SEO?
96Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
97Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaSG,THR
98Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisLSX
99White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraTH?
100SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataET,LS?
101Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilisET,LS,SV?
102Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraCAUC
103Blue-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia cyanuraLSX
104Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanniCA,SG?
105Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,SV
?
106Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutilaLSX
107Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciaeET,LS?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

108Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorLSUC
109Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusCA,LS,SEO?
110Common GallinuleGallinula galeataLSX
111Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaLS,SV?
112Ruddy CrakeLaterallus ruberLSX
113White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisLS,SEO?
114Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilisLSUC

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

115SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLS,SV?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

116LimpkinAramus guaraunaLSVR

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

117KilldeerCharadrius vociferusLSR

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

118Northern JacanaJacana spinosaLS,SV?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

119Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaLSX
120Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
121Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaLS,SGR
122Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaLSX
123Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesLSUC

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

124Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusLSX

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

125Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusLSX

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

126SunbitternEurypyga heliasLS,SEO,SV?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

127Wood StorkMycteria americanaLS,SEO?

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

128Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensET,LS,SEO?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

129AnhingaAnhinga anhingaET,LS,SEO?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

130Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusET,LS,SEO,SG?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

131Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisET?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

132Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatusLSR
133Least BitternIxobrychus exilisLSX
134Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatumLSR
135Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
136Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanumLS,SEO?
137Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasET,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
138Great EgretArdea albaET,LS,SEO,SV?
139Snowy EgretEgretta thulaLS,SEO,SV?
140Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaET,LS,SEO,SV?
141Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorET,LS?
142Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
143Green HeronButorides virescensCA,LS,SEO,SV?
144Agami HeronAgamia agamiLSR
145Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxLSX
146Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaLSR
147Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusCA,LSUC

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

148Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLSUC
149Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaLSX

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

150Black VultureCoragyps atratusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
151Turkey VultureCathartes auraCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
152King VultureSarcoramphus papaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

153OspreyPandion haliaetusLS,SEO,SGUC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

154White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusLS,SEO?
155Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusCA,LSR
156Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisCA,LS,SEO?
157Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusLS,SEO,SG,SV
TH
FC
158Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisLSVR
159Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLSX
160Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusLS,SEO?
161Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusLS,SG,THR
162Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusLSX
163Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLSX
164Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisLSX
165Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusCA,LS,SEO?
166Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisLSUC
167Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaLSR
168Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusLSX
169Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusLSR
170Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusLS,SG,THUC
171Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiET,SG,TH?
172Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorLS,SG,THR
173Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescensLSVR
174Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusLSR
175Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaLSX
176Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusLSX
177Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsLSR
178Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisLS,SEO?
179White HawkPseudastur albicollisET,LS,SV?
180Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusLSUC
181Gray HawkButeo plagiatusLS,SEO?
182Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusCA,LSFC
183Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
184Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusCA,LS,SEO?
185Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
FC
186Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatusCA,LS,SEO?
187Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisLS,SG,THC

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

188Barn OwlTyto albaLSR

 
Owls: Strigidae

189Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkiiSG,THR
190Crested OwlLophostrix cristataCA,LS,SEO?
191Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataCA,LS,SEO?
192Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumSG,THUC
193Central American Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium griseicepsLSUC
194Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumSGUC
195Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataLS,SG,THUC
196Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataCA,LS,SV?
197Striped OwlAsio clamatorLS,THR
198Unspotted Saw-whet OwlAegolius ridgwayiTHR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

199Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoLS,SG,THC
200Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusLSR
201Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
202Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusCA,LSX
203Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiCAFC
204Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
205Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusCA,LS,SEO?
206Collared TrogonTrogon collarisLS,SG,THFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

207Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiLSX
208Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiLS,SEO,SV?
209Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumLSX
210Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumLS,SEO?
211Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaCAFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

212Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataLS,SEO,SG,SV?
213Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonLS,SEO,SGR
214Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaLS,SEO,SV?
215American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaLS,SEO?
216Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaLS,SEO,SV?
217Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaLSX

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

218White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusLS,SEO?
219Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusLS,SEO?
220White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisCA,LSFC
221White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeusLSR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

222Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaCA,LS,SEO?
223Great JacamarJacamerops aureusLSX

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

224Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiLS,SGR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

225Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinusSG,THFC
226Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusET,LS,SEO,SV?
227Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiCAFC
228Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisLSX
229Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
230Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusLS,SEO,SV?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

231Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusLS,SEOVR
232Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusSG,THA
233Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenCAFC
234Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniET,LS,SEO,SV?
235Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmanniiCA,SGA
236Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusSG,THFC
237Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusLSUC
238Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
239Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusCA,LS,SEO?
240Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusLSUC
241Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneusLS,SV?
242Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplexCA,LS,SEO?
243Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusSG,THUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

244Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisLS,SEO,SG,THUC
245Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiLSVR
246Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusCA,LS,SEO?
247Red-throated CaracaraIbycter americanusLSX
248Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayCA,LS,SEO?
249Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaLSX
250Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansCA,LS,SEO?
251American KestrelFalco sparveriusLS,SGUC
252MerlinFalco columbariusCA,LS,SG,THUC
253Bat FalconFalco rufigularisCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,TH
?
254Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

255Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisTHR
256Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaLS,SG,THUC
257Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
258Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
259Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusLSX
260White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
261Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
262Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
263Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniSG,THFC
264Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nanaLS,SEO?
265Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLS,SEO,SV?
266Scarlet MacawAra macaoCA,LSA
267Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiLS,SEO,SV?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

268Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusLS,SEO,SV?
269Great AntshrikeTaraba majorCA,LS,SEO,SV?
270Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusCA,LSC
271Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaLSFC
272Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiCAA
273Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusCA,LSUC
274Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisLSX
275Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticepsLSUC
276Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisLSUC
277White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisLSUC
278Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorCAUC
279Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisCA,LSC
280Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaCA,LSC
281Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudicepsLSR
282Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulCA,LS,SEO,SV?
283Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniLSX
284Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorCA,LSUC
285Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesLSUC
286Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniLSUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

287Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusCA,LSFC
288Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesLSUC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

289Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsSG,THFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

290Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisCA,LSFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

291Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisLSR
292Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusCAUC
293Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicaudaLSX
294Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroaLSX
295Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaCAUC
296Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaLSUC
297Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusCA,LS,SEO?
298Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeCA,LS,SEO,SV?
299Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransCA,LS,SEO?
300Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusCA,LS,SEO?
301Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusLSR
302Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusLSUC
303Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
304Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisSG,THC
305Plain XenopsXenops minutusCA,LSC
306Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansSG,THR
307Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiSG,THFC
308Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisSG,THUC
309Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusSG,THUC
310Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusCA,LSFC
311Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusLSX
312Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensSG,THFC
313Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusSG,THC
314Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraLSUC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

315Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearisCAUC
316White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo alteraLSUC
317Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataCAFC
318White-collared ManakinManacus candeiLS,SEO,SV?
319Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusCAC
320White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraLSX
321Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisCA,LSA

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

322Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataLSUC
323Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisLSUC
324Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLSX
325Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiCAR
326Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusCA,LSUC
327Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusCA,LSUC
328Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeCAR
329Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusLS,SEO,SV?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

330Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorCA,LS,SEO?
331Masked TityraTityra semifasciataCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,SV
?
332Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisCA,LSUC
333Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensET?
334Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorSG,THUC
335Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusCA,LS,SV?
336White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusCA,LSFC
337Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusCAVR
338Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeCA,LSC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

339Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusCA,LSFC
340Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusCA,LSUC
341Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusCA,LSFC
342Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusCAR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

343Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseicepsLSX
344Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusCAUC
345Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusCA,LSFC
346Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusLS,SG,THFC
347Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusCA,LS,SEO?
348Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLSX
349Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisLSX
350Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusLSA
351Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulareCA,LSFC
352Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylviaCA,LS,SEO?
353Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
354Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsLS,SEO,SV?
355Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
356Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensCA,LS,SEO?
357Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisLSFC
358Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumCAFC
359Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavumCAR
360Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusLS,SEO?
361Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaCA,LSFC
362Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusCAVR
363Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataCA,LSFC
364Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterCA,LS,SEO,SGC
365Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiSG,THC
366Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaLS,SEO,SGFC
367Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusLS,SEO,SGA
368Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisLSX
369Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusSG,THC
370Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC
371Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisSG,THC
372Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusSG,THUC
373Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusLS,SEO,SGUC
374Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensCA,LS,SEO?
375Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusLS,SEO?
376Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisCA,LS,SEO?
377Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensCA,LS,SEO?
378Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumCA,LSUC
379Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiCA,LSFC
380White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularisLSX
381Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusCA,LSR
382Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensSG,THC
383Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsSG,THC
384Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansLS,SEO,SGC
385Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusLS,SEO?
386Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
387Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraCA,LSFC
388Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferCA,LS,SEO?
389Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusCA,LS,SEO?
390Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusCAFC
391Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
392Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaCA,LS,SEO,SGA
393Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisCA,LS,SEO,SGA
394Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisCA,LS,SEO?
395White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusLS,SEO?
396Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusSG,THFC
397Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusCA,LSC
398Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisLS,SEO?
399Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusCA,LS,SEO?
400Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG
?
401Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisLSVR
402Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusCA,LS,SEO?
403Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusLSX

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

404Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisSG,THFC
405Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusCA,LSUC
406Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsCA,LSFC
407Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataCA,LS,SEO?
408White-eyed VireoVireo griseusLSX
409Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
C
410Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusTHVR
411Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliSEO,SG,THFC
412Warbling VireoVireo gilvusLSVR
413Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysSG,THFC
414Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusCA,LS,SEO,SGFC
415Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusCA,LS,SEO?
416Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisCA,LS,SEO?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

417Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaSG,THUC
418Brown JayPsilorhinus morioLS,SEO,TH?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

419Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaLS,SG,THA
420Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
421Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisCA,LS,SEO?
422Purple MartinProgne subisLSR
423Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaCA,ET,LS?
424Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorLS,SEO?
425Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaLS,SEO?
426Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaLSUC
427Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaCA,LS,SG,THA
428Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

429Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisLSR
430Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusCA,LS,SEO?
431Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

432Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLSR
433Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusCA,LSFC
434House WrenTroglodytes aedonCA,LS,SEO,SGA
435Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusSG,THC
436Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniTHFC
437Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusLS,SEO,SV?
438Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaCAA
439Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisCAFC
440Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusCAC
441Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisLS,SEO?
442Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusCAFC
443Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusLS,SEO?
444Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestusCAFC
445Canebrake WrenCantorchilus zeledoniLS,SV?
446Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusCAC
447Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusLS,SEO,SV?
448White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaCA,LS,SEO?
449Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysSG,THC
450Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusLSR

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

451American DipperCinclus mexicanusSGFC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

452Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisLS,SGUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

453Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsLS,SG,THFC
454Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisSG,THFC
455Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiSG,THFC
456VeeryCatharus fuscescensLSR
457Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusLSUC
458Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
C
459Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
460Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusSG,THC
461Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletusET,LS?
462White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilisLSR
463Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiCA,LS,SEO,SGA
464Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensTHC

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

465Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumLSVR

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

466Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaSG,THUC
467Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusSG,THC

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

468House SparrowPasser domesticusLSUC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

469Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysSG,THFC
470Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisCAC
471Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaCA,LS,SEO?
472Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinaceaCA,LSFC
473Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaSG,THUC
474Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansCAFC
475Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldiLS,SEO,SV?
476White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaLSUC
477Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneaeLSR
478Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusSG,THFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

479Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusSG,THA
480Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusLS,SG,THC
481Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
482Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
483Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaSG,THFC
484Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniTHC
485Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisSG,THA
486Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisSG,THFC
487White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaSG?
488Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisSG,THC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

489BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusLSX
490Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaLSX
491Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusLS,SG,THFC
492Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriLS,SEO?
493Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezumaLS,SEO,SV?
494Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisLS,SEO,SV?
495Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasLS,SEO?
496Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusCA,LSFC
497Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasLSR
498Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaCA,LS,SEO,SGA
499Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceusSV?
500Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisLSR
501Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusLS,SEO?
502Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusLSUC
503Melodious BlackbirdDives divesLS,SEO?
504Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusCA,LS,SEO,SV?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

505OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaCA,LSUC
506Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumCA,LSUC
507Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaLS,SEO,SGFC
508Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisCA,LS,SEO?
509Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC
510Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraLSR
511Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaCA,LS,SG,THC
512Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaLSR
513Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisSG,THC
514Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
515Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaLSVR
516Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaLSUC
517MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmieiLSX
518Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaCA,LS,SGFC
519Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaCA,LS,SG,THUC
520Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaLS,SEO?
521Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasLS,SEO?
522Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaCA,LSUC
523American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaCA,LSC
524Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaLSVR
525Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaLSR
526Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaLSVR
527Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiCAFC
528Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaCA,LS?
529Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaLS,SEO?
530Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaLS,SG,THUC
531Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaCA,LSA
532Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaCA,LS,SEO,TH?
533Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataLSR
534Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumLSX
535Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataLS,SGR
536Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaLS,SEO?
537Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiSG,THR
538Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensLS,SG,THC
539Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysSG,THFC
540Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
541Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisCA,LSFC
542Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaLS,SG,THA
543Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusSG,THA
544WrenthrushZeledonia coronataSG,THUC
545Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensLSR

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

546Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiLSUC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

547Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaSG,THR
548Summer TanagerPiranga rubraCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
549Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaCA,LS,SEO?
550Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataSG,THC
551White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraLS,SG,THR
552Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaLS,SEO,SV?
553Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliLSX
554Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogasterET,LS,SEO?
555Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisLS,SGFC
556Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusLS,SGFC
557Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorTHR
558Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesCA,LS,SEO?
559Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaLSR
560Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaCA,LSFC
561Painted BuntingPasserina cirisCA,LSFC
562DickcisselSpiza americanaLSX

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

563Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataCAFC
564White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
565Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiLSX
566White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
567White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxLSX
568Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentusLS,SEO?
569Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passeriniiCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
570Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
571Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
572Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataCA,ET,LS,SEO?
573Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiSG,THFC
574Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataLSUC
575Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaLSR
576Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaCA,LSC
577Emerald TanagerTangara floridaLSR
578Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaLS,SEO,SG,THFC
579Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaET,LS?
580Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaCA,LS,SEO?
581Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidusLS,SEO,SV?
582Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusCA,LS,SEO,SGC
583Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
584Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasET,LS,SEO?
585Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaSG,THA
586Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaTHVR
587Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiTHUC
588Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaCA,LS,SEO?
589Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaLS,SV?
590Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiLSUC
591Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaCA,LS,SEO?
592Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiLSUC
593Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaLSX
594BananaquitCoereba flaveolaLS,SEO?
595Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusLS,SGA
596Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
597Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atricepsLS,SEO?
598Grayish SaltatorSaltator coerulescensLS,SEO?
599Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusLSX
600Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusLS,SEO?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

ADDITIONAL INFO
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PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain