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SPECIALTIES

HIGHLIGHTS BIRD PHOTO TOUR

Bird Checklist for Tour

green-slate

COSTA RICA
PHOTO TOUR
ANY TIME*

Duration:9 days, 8 nights
Group Size:2-8
Anytime Price:$2975
Group Price:$2675
Single Suppl:$400
Pace:Easy
Difficulty:Easy
* This tour is available for any dates of your choosing provided guide services and accommodations are available.

List of species found in some or all areas included on the tour. List may be incomplete. The table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. See sidebar for meaning of location codes and symbols associated with common names.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiSG,THUC
2Great TinamouTinamus majorCA,LS,SEO?
3Little TinamouCrypturellus souiCA,LS,SEO?
4Slaty-breasted TinamouCrypturellus boucardiLSUC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

5Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
6Muscovy DuckCairina moschataLS,SEO?
7Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsLSR
8American WigeonMareca americanaLSX
9Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusSEO?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

10Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsLS,SEO?
11Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensCA,LS,SEO,SV?
12Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorSG,THUC
13Great CurassowCrax rubraCA,LS,SEO?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

14Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusLSX
15Buffy-crowned Wood-PartridgeDendrortyx leucophrysSGR
16Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotisLSX
17Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusSGUC
18Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusLS,SG,THUC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

19Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusCA,LSUC
20Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsCAVR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

21Rock PigeonColumba liviaLS,SV?
22Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisLSUC
23Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaLSR
24Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
25Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataSG,THA
26Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaSG,THA
27Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
28Ruddy Ground-DoveColumbina talpacotiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
29Blue Ground-DoveClaravis pretiosaCA,LSFC
30Maroon-chested Ground-DoveClaravis mondetouraTHX
31Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaCA,LSFC
32Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violaceaLSX
33Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisLSUC
34White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiCA,LS,SGA
35Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
36Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisSG,THUC
37Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrenciiLSX
38Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisSG,THR
39White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaLSX
40Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraLSX

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

41Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
42Striped CuckooTapera naeviaCA,LSUC
43Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusCAUC
44Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiLSVR
45Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
46Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusCA,LS,SEO?
47Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorLSR
48Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusLS,SEO?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

49Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisCA,LSC
50Common NighthawkChordeiles minorLS,SEO?
51Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusCA,LSFC
52Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisCA,LS,SEO,SGA
53Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisLS,SEO?
54Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusSG,THFC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

55Great PotooNyctibius grandisLSUC
56Common PotooNyctibius griseusLS,SEO?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

57Black SwiftCypseloides nigerLS,SVR
58White-chinned SwiftCypseloides cryptusSG?
59Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiLS,SG,TH?
60Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
FC
61White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
C
62Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaLS,SV?
63Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiLS,SG,THC
64Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaCAC
65Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisLS,SEO?
66Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisCA,LS,SEO?
67Great Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila sanctihieronymiLSX

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

68White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
69White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaET,LS?
70Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusCA,LSFC
71Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriCA,LSFC
72Green HermitPhaethornis guyLSX
73Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
74Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisCA,LS,SEO?
75Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeSG,THUC
76Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLSX
77Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusSG,THA
78Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiCA,LS,SEO?
79Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiET,LS,SEO?
80Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiET,LS?
81Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeET,LS?
82White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisCAX
83Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaLS,SG,THR
84Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensSG,THA
85Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisCA,LSUC
86Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiCAR
87Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisSG,THFC
88Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaSG,THA
89Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisCA,LS,SEO?
90Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaSG,THA
91Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaSG,THA
92Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiET,LS?
93Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiCA,LS,SEO?
94Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusCA,SG,THUC
95Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaET,LS,SEO?
96Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
97Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaSG,THR
98Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisLSX
99White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraTH?
100SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataET,LS?
101Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilisET,LS,SV?
102Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraCAUC
103Blue-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia cyanuraLSX
104Steely-vented HummingbirdAmazilia saucerotteiCA,SG?
105Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,SV
?
106Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutilaLSX
107Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciaeET,LS?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

108Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorLSUC
109Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusCA,LS,SEO?
110Common GallinuleGallinula galeataLSX
111Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaLS,SV?
112Ruddy CrakeLaterallus ruberLSX
113White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisLS,SEO?
114Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilisLSUC

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

115SungrebeHeliornis fulicaLS,SV?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

116LimpkinAramus guaraunaLSVR

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

117KilldeerCharadrius vociferusLSR

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

118Northern JacanaJacana spinosaLS,SV?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

119Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaLSX
120Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
121Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaLS,SGR
122Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaLSX
123Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesLSUC

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

124Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusLSX

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

125Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusLSX

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

126SunbitternEurypyga heliasLS,SEO,SV?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

127Wood StorkMycteria americanaLS,SEO?

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

128Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensET,LS,SEO?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

129AnhingaAnhinga anhingaET,LS,SEO?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

130Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusET,LS,SEO,SG?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

131Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisET?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

132Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatusLSR
133Least BitternIxobrychus exilisLSX
134Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatumLSR
135Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
136Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanumLS,SEO?
137Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasET,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
138Great EgretArdea albaET,LS,SEO,SV?
139Snowy EgretEgretta thulaLS,SEO,SV?
140Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaET,LS,SEO,SV?
141Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorET,LS?
142Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
143Green HeronButorides virescensCA,LS,SEO,SV?
144Agami HeronAgamia agamiLSR
145Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxLSX
146Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaLSR
147Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusCA,LSUC

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

148Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisLSUC
149Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaLSX

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

150Black VultureCoragyps atratusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
151Turkey VultureCathartes auraCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
152King VultureSarcoramphus papaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

153OspreyPandion haliaetusLS,SEO,SGUC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

154White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusLS,SEO?
155Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusCA,LSR
156Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisCA,LS,SEO?
157Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusLS,SEO,SG,SV
TH
FC
158Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisLSVR
159Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaLSX
160Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusLS,SEO?
161Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusLS,SG,THR
162Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusLSX
163Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollisLSX
164Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisLSX
165Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusCA,LS,SEO?
166Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisLSUC
167Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaLSR
168Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusLSX
169Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusLSR
170Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusLS,SG,THUC
171Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiET,SG,TH?
172Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorLS,SG,THR
173Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescensLSVR
174Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusLSR
175Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaLSX
176Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusLSX
177Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsLSR
178Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisLS,SEO?
179White HawkPseudastur albicollisET,LS,SV?
180Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusLSUC
181Gray HawkButeo plagiatusLS,SEO?
182Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusCA,LSFC
183Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
184Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusCA,LS,SEO?
185Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
FC
186Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatusCA,LS,SEO?
187Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisLS,SG,THC

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

188Barn OwlTyto albaLSR

 
Owls: Strigidae

189Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkiiSG,THR
190Crested OwlLophostrix cristataCA,LS,SEO?
191Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataCA,LS,SEO?
192Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumSG,THUC
193Central American Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium griseicepsLSUC
194Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumSGUC
195Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataLS,SG,THUC
196Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataCA,LS,SV?
197Striped OwlAsio clamatorLS,THR
198Unspotted Saw-whet OwlAegolius ridgwayiTHR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

199Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoLS,SG,THC
200Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusLSR
201Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
202Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusCA,LSX
203Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiCAFC
204Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
205Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusCA,LS,SEO?
206Collared TrogonTrogon collarisLS,SG,THFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

207Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiLSX
208Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiLS,SEO,SV?
209Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumLSX
210Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumLS,SEO?
211Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaCAFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

212Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataLS,SEO,SG,SV?
213Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonLS,SEO,SGR
214Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaLS,SEO,SV?
215American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaLS,SEO?
216Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaLS,SEO,SV?
217Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaLSX

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

218White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusLS,SEO?
219Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusLS,SEO?
220White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisCA,LSFC
221White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeusLSR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

222Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaCA,LS,SEO?
223Great JacamarJacamerops aureusLSX

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

224Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiLS,SGR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

225Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinusSG,THFC
226Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusET,LS,SEO,SV?
227Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiCAFC
228Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisLSX
229Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
230Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusLS,SEO,SV?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

231Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusLS,SEOVR
232Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusSG,THA
233Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenCAFC
234Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniET,LS,SEO,SV?
235Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmanniiCA,SGA
236Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusSG,THFC
237Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusLSUC
238Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
239Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusCA,LS,SEO?
240Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusLSUC
241Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneusLS,SV?
242Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplexCA,LS,SEO?
243Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusSG,THUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

244Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisLS,SEO,SG,THUC
245Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiLSVR
246Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusCA,LS,SEO?
247Red-throated CaracaraIbycter americanusLSX
248Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayCA,LS,SEO?
249Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaLSX
250Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansCA,LS,SEO?
251American KestrelFalco sparveriusLS,SGUC
252MerlinFalco columbariusCA,LS,SG,THUC
253Bat FalconFalco rufigularisCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,TH
?
254Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

255Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisTHR
256Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaLS,SG,THUC
257Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
258Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
259Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusLSX
260White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
261Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
262Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
263Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniSG,THFC
264Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nanaLS,SEO?
265Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLS,SEO,SV?
266Scarlet MacawAra macaoCA,LSA
267Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiLS,SEO,SV?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

268Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusLS,SEO,SV?
269Great AntshrikeTaraba majorCA,LS,SEO,SV?
270Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusCA,LSC
271Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaLSFC
272Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiCAA
273Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusCA,LSUC
274Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisLSX
275Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticepsLSUC
276Checker-throated AntwrenEpinecrophylla fulviventrisLSUC
277White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisLSUC
278Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorCAUC
279Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisCA,LSC
280Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaCA,LSC
281Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudicepsLSR
282Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulCA,LS,SEO,SV?
283Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniLSX
284Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorCA,LSUC
285Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesLSUC
286Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniLSUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

287Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusCA,LSFC
288Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesLSUC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

289Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsSG,THFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

290Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisCA,LSFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

291Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisLSR
292Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusCAUC
293Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicaudaLSX
294Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroaLSX
295Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaCAUC
296Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaLSUC
297Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusCA,LS,SEO?
298Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeCA,LS,SEO,SV?
299Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransCA,LS,SEO?
300Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusCA,LS,SEO?
301Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusLSR
302Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusLSUC
303Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiCA,LS,SEO,SV?
304Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisSG,THC
305Plain XenopsXenops minutusCA,LSC
306Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansSG,THR
307Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiSG,THFC
308Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisSG,THUC
309Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusSG,THUC
310Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusCA,LSFC
311Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusLSX
312Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensSG,THFC
313Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusSG,THC
314Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraLSUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

315Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavumCAR
316Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusLS,SEO?
317Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumCAFC
318Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaCA,LSFC
319Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusCAVR
320Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataCA,LSFC
321Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterCA,LS,SEO,SGC
322Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiSG,THC
323Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaLS,SEO,SGFC
324Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusLS,SG,THFC
325Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusCA,LS,SEO?
326Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusLSX
327Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisLSX
328Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusLS,SEO,SGA
329Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusLSA
330Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulareCA,LSFC
331Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylviaCA,LS,SEO?
332Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
333Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsLS,SEO,SV?
334Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
335Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensCA,LS,SEO?
336Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisLSFC
337Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusCAUC
338Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusCA,LSFC
339Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusCA,LSFC
340Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusCA,LSUC
341Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusCA,LSFC
342Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusCAR
343Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalisLSX
344Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusSG,THC
345Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC
346Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisSG,THC
347Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusSG,THUC
348Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusLS,SEO,SGUC
349Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensCA,LS,SEO?
350Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusLS,SEO?
351Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisCA,LS,SEO?
352Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensCA,LS,SEO?
353Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumCA,LSUC
354Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiCA,LSFC
355White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularisLSX
356Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusCA,LSR
357Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensSG,THC
358Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsSG,THC
359Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansLS,SEO,SGC
360Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusLS,SEO?
361Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
362Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraCA,LSFC
363Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferCA,LS,SEO?
364Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusCA,LS,SEO?
365Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusCAFC
366Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
367Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaCA,LS,SEO,SGA
368Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisCA,LS,SEO,SGA
369Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisCA,LS,SEO?
370White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusLS,SEO?
371Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusSG,THFC
372Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusCA,LSC
373Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisLS,SEO?
374Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusCA,LS,SEO?
375Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG
?
376Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisLSVR
377Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusCA,LS,SEO?
378Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusLSX

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

379Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataLSUC
380Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisLSUC
381Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilisLSX
382Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiCAR
383Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusCA,LSUC
384Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusCA,LSUC
385Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeCAR
386Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidusLS,SEO,SV?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

387Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearisCAUC
388White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo alteraLSUC
389Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataCAFC
390White-collared ManakinManacus candeiLS,SEO,SV?
391Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusCAC
392White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraLSX
393Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisCA,LSA
394Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseicepsLSX

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

395Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorCA,LS,SEO?
396Masked TityraTityra semifasciataCA,ET,LS,SEO
SG,SV
?
397Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisCA,LSUC
398Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensET?
399Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorSG,THUC
400Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusCA,LS,SV?
401White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusCA,LSFC
402Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusCAVR
403Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeCA,LSC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

404Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisSG,THFC
405Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusCA,LSUC
406Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsCA,LSFC
407Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataCA,LS,SEO?
408White-eyed VireoVireo griseusLSX
409Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
C
410Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusTHVR
411Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliSEO,SG,THFC
412Warbling VireoVireo gilvusLSVR
413Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysSG,THFC
414Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusCA,LS,SEO,SGFC
415Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusCA,LS,SEO?
416Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisCA,LS,SEO?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

417Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaSG,THUC
418Brown JayPsilorhinus morioLS,SEO,TH?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

419Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaLS,SG,THA
420Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
421Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisCA,LS,SEO?
422Purple MartinProgne subisLSR
423Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaCA,ET,LS?
424Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorLS,SEO?
425Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaLS,SEO?
426Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaLSUC
427Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaCA,LS,SG,THA
428Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

429Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLSR
430Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusCA,LSFC
431House WrenTroglodytes aedonCA,LS,SEO,SGA
432Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusSG,THC
433Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniTHFC
434Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusLS,SEO,SV?
435Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaCAA
436Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisCAFC
437Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusCAC
438Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisLS,SEO?
439Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusCAFC
440Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusLS,SEO?
441Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestusCAFC
442Canebrake WrenCantorchilus zeledoniLS,SV?
443Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusCAC
444Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusLS,SEO,SV?
445White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaCA,LS,SEO?
446Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysSG,THC
447Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusLSR

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

448Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisLSR
449Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusCA,LS,SEO?
450Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaCA,LS,SEO?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

451American DipperCinclus mexicanusSGFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

452Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsLS,SG,THFC
453Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisSG,THFC
454Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiSG,THFC
455VeeryCatharus fuscescensLSR
456Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusLSUC
457Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
C
458Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV,TH
A
459Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusSG,THC
460Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletusET,LS?
461White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilisLSR
462Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiCA,LS,SEO,SGA
463Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensTHC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

464Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisLS,SGUC

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

465Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumLSVR

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

466Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaSG,THUC
467Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusSG,THC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

468Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysSG,THFC
469Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisCAC
470Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaCA,LS,SEO?
471Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinaceaCA,LSFC
472Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaSG,THUC
473Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansCAFC
474Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldiLS,SEO,SV?
475White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaLSUC
476Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneaeLSR
477Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusSG,THFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

478Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusSG,THA
479Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusLS,SG,THC
480Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisCA,LS,SEO?
481Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisCA,LS,SEO,SV?
482Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaSG,THFC
483Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniTHC
484Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisSG,THA
485Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisSG,THFC
486Yellow-thighed FinchPselliophorus tibialisSG,THC
487White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaSG?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

488BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusLSX
489Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaLSX
490Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusLS,SG,THFC
491Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriLS,SEO?
492Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezumaLS,SEO,SV?
493Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisLS,SEO,SV?
494Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelasLS,SEO?
495Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusCA,LSFC
496Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasLSR
497Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaCA,LS,SEO,SGA
498Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceusSV?
499Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisLSR
500Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusLS,SEO?
501Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusLSUC
502Melodious BlackbirdDives divesLS,SEO?
503Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusCA,LS,SEO,SV?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

504OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaCA,LSUC
505Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumCA,LSUC
506Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaLS,SEO,SGFC
507Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisCA,LS,SEO?
508Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
UC
509Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraLSR
510Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaCA,LS,SG,THC
511Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaLSR
512Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisSG,THC
513Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaCA,LS,SEO,SG
TH
A
514Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaLSVR
515Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaLSUC
516MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmieiLSX
517Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaCA,LS,SGFC
518Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaCA,LS,SG,THUC
519Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaLS,SEO?
520Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasLS,SEO?
521Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaCA,LSUC
522American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaCA,LSC
523Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaLSVR
524Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaLSR
525Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaLSVR
526Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiCAFC
527Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaCA,LS?
528Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaLS,SEO?
529Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaLS,SG,THUC
530Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaCA,LSA
531Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaCA,LS,SEO,TH?
532Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataLSR
533Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumLSX
534Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataLS,SGR
535Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaLS,SEO?
536Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiSG,THR
537Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensLS,SG,THC
538Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysSG,THFC
539Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
540Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisCA,LSFC
541Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaLS,SG,THA
542Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusSG,THA
543WrenthrushZeledonia coronataSG,THUC
544Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensLSR

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

545Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiLSUC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

546Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaSG,THR
547Summer TanagerPiranga rubraCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
548Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaCA,LS,SEO?
549Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataSG,THC
550White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraLS,SG,THR
551Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaLS,SEO,SV?
552Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliLSX
553Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogasterET,LS,SEO?
554Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisLS,SGFC
555Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusLS,SGFC
556Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorTHR
557Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesCA,LS,SEO?
558Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaLSR
559Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaCA,LSFC
560Painted BuntingPasserina cirisCA,LSFC
561DickcisselSpiza americanaLSX

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

562Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataCAFC
563White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
564Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiLSX
565White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
566White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothoraxLSX
567Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentusLS,SEO?
568Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passeriniiCA,ET,LS,SEO
SV
?
569Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusCA,LS,SEO,SG
SV
?
570Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumCA,LS,SEO,SV?
571Golden-hooded TanagerTangara larvataCA,ET,LS,SEO?
572Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiSG,THFC
573Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataLSUC
574Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaLSR
575Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaCA,LSC
576Emerald TanagerTangara floridaLSR
577Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaLS,SEO,SG,THFC
578Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaET,LS?
579Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaCA,LS,SEO?
580Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidusLS,SEO,SV?
581Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusCA,LS,SEO,SGC
582Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaCA,LS,SEO,SV?
583Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasET,LS,SEO?
584Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaSG,THA
585Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaTHVR
586Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiTHUC
587Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaCA,LS,SEO?
588Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaLS,SV?
589Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingiLSUC
590Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaCA,LS,SEO?
591Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiLSUC
592Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaLSX
593BananaquitCoereba flaveolaLS,SEO?
594Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusLS,SGA
595Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusCA,LS,SEO,SV?
596Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atricepsLS,SEO?
597Grayish SaltatorSaltator coerulescensLS,SEO?
598Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusLSX
599Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusLS,SEO?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

600House SparrowPasser domesticusLSUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

ADDITIONAL INFO
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PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain