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EAST USAMBARA MOUNTAINS

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):800-2440
# Species*:225
# Excl Vagrants*:224
# Endemics*:8
# Near Endemics*:13
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

1Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisWUM?

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

2Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandtiWUM?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

3Rock PigeonColumba liviaWUM?
4Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrixWUM?
5Delegorgue's PigeonColumba delegorgueiEUM,WUM?
6Lemon DoveColumba larvataEUM,WUM?
7Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensWUM?
8Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquataWUM?
9Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicolaWUM?
10Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilosWUM?
11Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferEUM,WUM?
12Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistriaEUM,WUM?
13African Green-PigeonTreron calvusEUM?

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

14Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriEUM?
15Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiEUM,WUM?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

16Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitariusEUM,WUM?
17African CuckooCuculus gularisWUM?
18White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosusEUM,WUM?
19Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaasWUM?
20Barred Long-tailed CuckooCercococcyx montanusEUM,WUM?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

21Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheriEUM?
22Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusEUM?
23Common SwiftApus apusEUM?
24African SwiftApus barbatusEUM,WUM?
25Little SwiftApus affinisEUM,WUM?
26White-rumped SwiftApus cafferWUM?
27African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvusEUM,WUM?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

28Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosEUM?

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

29Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiWUM?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

30Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusWUM?

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

31HamerkopScopus umbrettaWUM?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

32Little BitternIxobrychus minutusWUM?
33Gray HeronArdea cinereaWUM?
34Little EgretEgretta garzettaWUM?
35Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisWUM?
36Striated HeronButorides striataEUM?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

37African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusWUM?
38Olive IbisBostrychia olivaceaEUM?
39Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedashWUM?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

40African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typusEUM?
41Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensisEUM?
42European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusEUM?
43African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoidesEUM?
44BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusWUM?
45Fasciated Snake-EagleCircaetus fasciolatusEUM,WUM?
46Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusEUM?
47Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusEUM?
48Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisEUM,WUM?
49Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiEUM?
50Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiEUM,WUM?
51Tawny EagleAquila rapaxWUM?
52Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiWUM?
53African GoshawkAccipiter tachiroEUM,WUM?
54ShikraAccipiter badiusWUM?
55Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusEUM,WUM?
56Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucusEUM,WUM?
57Black KiteMilvus migransWUM?
58Common BuzzardButeo buteoWUM?
59Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilusEUM,WUM?
60Augur BuzzardButeo augurWUM?

 
Owls: Strigidae

61Sokoke Scops-OwlOtus ireneaeEUM?
62Usambara Eagle-OwlBubo vosseleriEUM?
63African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordiiEUM?

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

64Speckled MousebirdColius striatusEUM,WUM?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

65Narina TrogonApaloderma narinaEUM?
66Bar-tailed TrogonApaloderma vittatumEUM,WUM?

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

67Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureusEUM?
68Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelasEUM?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

69Silvery-cheeked HornbillBycanistes brevisEUM,WUM?
70Trumpeter HornbillBycanistes bucinatorEUM,WUM?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

71Half-collared KingfisherAlcedo semitorquataEUM?
72African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina pictaWUM?
73Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventrisEUM,WUM?
74Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaEUM?

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

75Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesWUM?

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

76Crested BarbetTrachyphonus vaillantiiWUM?
77White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotisEUM,WUM?
78Green BarbetStactolaema olivaceaEUM,WUM?
79Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplexEUM,WUM?
80Moustached TinkerbirdPogoniulus leucomystaxEUM,WUM?
81Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusEUM,WUM?

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

82Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiaeEUM,WUM?
83Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilusEUM,WUM?
84Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatusWUM?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

85Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescensWUM?
86Olive WoodpeckerChloropicus griseocephalusWUM?
87Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiEUM?
88Mombasa WoodpeckerCampethera mombassicaEUM?

 
African and Green Broadbill: Calyptomenidae

89African BroadbillSmithornis capensisEUM,WUM?

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

90Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesiaEUM,WUM?
91Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flavaEUM?

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

92Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusEUM?
93African Golden OrioleOriolus auratusEUM?
94Green-headed OrioleOriolus chlorocephalusEUM?
95African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatusEUM?

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

96Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltataEUM,WUM?
97Short-tailed BatisBatis mixtaEUM,WUM?
98Pale BatisBatis sororEUM?
99Eastern Black-headed BatisBatis minorEUM?

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

100Chestnut-fronted HelmetshrikePrionops scopifronsEUM?
101Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcherBias musicusEUM?

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

102Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cublaEUM,WUM?
103Tropical BoubouLaniarius majorEUM,WUM?
104Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteusEUM,WUM?
105Fuelleborn's BoubouLaniarius fuelleborniWUM?
106Black-fronted BushshrikeTelophorus nigrifronsEUM,WUM?
107Gray-headed BushshrikeMalaconotus blanchotiWUM?

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

108Common Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigiiEUM,WUM?
109Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisEUM,WUM?
110Usambara Drongo**Dicrurus sp.WUM?

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

111African Crested-FlycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelasEUM,WUM?
112African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridisEUM,WUM?

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

113Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiEUM?
114Northern FiscalLanius humeralisWUM?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

115Pied CrowCorvus albusWUM?
116White-necked RavenCorvus albicollisEUM,WUM?

 
Hyliotas: Hyliotidae

117Usambara HyliotaHyliota usambaraEUM?

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

118White-tailed Crested-FlycatcherElminia albonotataEUM,WUM?

 
Nicators: Nicatoridae

119Eastern NicatorNicator gularisEUM,WUM?

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

120Kretschmer's LongbillMacrosphenus kretschmeriEUM?

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

121African TailorbirdArtisornis metopiasWUM?
122Long-billed TailorbirdArtisornis moreauiEUM?
123Green-backed CamaropteraCamaroptera brachyuraEUM,WUM?
124Bar-throated ApalisApalis thoracicaWUM?
125Black-headed ApalisApalis melanocephalaEUM,WUM?
126Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflavaEUM,WUM?
127Red-faced CisticolaCisticola erythropsEUM,WUM?
128Coastal CisticolaCisticola haematocephalaWUM?

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

129African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatusWUM?

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

130Evergreen-forest WarblerBradypterus lopeziEUM,WUM?
131Cinnamon Bracken-WarblerBradypterus cinnamomeusWUM?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

132Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaEUM,WUM?
133Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaWUM?
134Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaWUM?
135Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinicaEUM,WUM?
136Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensisWUM?
137Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristopteraEUM,WUM?

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

138Shelley's GreenbulArizelocichla masukuensisEUM,WUM?
139Eastern Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla nigricepsEUM,WUM?
140Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensisEUM,WUM?
141Little GreenbulEurillas virensEUM?
142Placid Greenbul**Phyllastrephus placidusWUM?
143Terrestrial BrownbulPhyllastrephus terrestrisWUM?
144Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitansEUM,WUM?
145Fischer's GreenbulPhyllastrephus fischeriEUM,WUM?
146Cabanis's GreenbulPhyllastrephus cabanisiEUM,WUM?
147Yellow-streaked GreenbulPhyllastrephus flavostriatusEUM,WUM?
148Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusEUM,WUM?

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

149Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusWUM?
150Yellow-throated Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus ruficapillaEUM,WUM?

 
Bush Warblers and Allies: Scotocercidae

151Yellow FlycatcherErythrocercus holochlorusEUM?

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

152African Hill BabblerSylvia abyssinicaWUM?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

153Pale White-eyeZosterops abyssinicusEUM?
154Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotusEUM,WUM?
155African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEUM,WUM?

 
Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

156Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennisEUM?

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

157Scaly ChattererTurdoides aylmeriWUM?

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

158Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morioWUM?
159Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleriEUM,WUM?
160Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpiiWUM?
161Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenrickiEUM,WUM?
162Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia coruscaEUM?
163Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiWUM?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

164Red-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus rufusEUM?
165Orange Ground-ThrushGeokichla gurneyiEUM?
166Usambara ThrushTurdus roehliEUM,WUM?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

167African Dusky FlycatcherMuscicapa adustaEUM,WUM?
168Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidusEUM?
169Southern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis pammelainaEUM?
170White-eyed Slaty-FlycatcherMelaenornis fischeriEUM,WUM?
171Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrysWUM?
172Cape Robin-ChatCossypha caffraWUM?
173Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufaWUM?
174White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heugliniEUM,WUM?
175Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensisEUM,WUM?
176White-starred RobinPogonocichla stellataEUM,WUM?
177Swynnerton's RobinSwynnertonia swynnertoniEUM?
178White-chested AletheChamaetylas fuelleborniEUM,WUM?
179Sharpe's AkalatSheppardia sharpeiEUM?
180East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiEUM?
181Usambara AkalatSheppardia montanaWUM?
182African StonechatSaxicola torquatusEUM,WUM?
183Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventrisWUM?

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

184Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiEUM?
185Uluguru Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes neglectusEUM?
186Banded SunbirdAnthreptes rubritorquesEUM,WUMC
187Collared SunbirdHedydipna collarisEUM,WUM?
188Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterEUM?
189Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivaceaEUM,WUM?
190Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystinaEUM,WUM?
191Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensisWUM?
192Usambara Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris usambaricusWUM?
193Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatusEUM?
194Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustusEUM,WUM?

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

195Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafechtEUM,WUM?
196Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularisEUM,WUM?
197African Golden-WeaverPloceus subaureusWUM?
198Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusEUM?
199Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniEUM?
200Dark-backed Weaver
(Forest Weaver)
Ploceus bicolorEUM,WUM?
201Usambara WeaverPloceus nicolliEUM,WUM?
202Zanzibar Red BishopEuplectes nigroventrisEUM?
203Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifronsWUM?

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

204Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartiniaEUM,WUM?
205Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidulaEUM?
206Red-faced CrimsonwingCryptospiza reichenoviiEUM,WUM?
207Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaWUM?
208Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildEUM,WUM?
209Red-headed BluebillSpermophaga ruficapillaEUM?
210Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatusWUM?
211African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricataWUM?
212Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataWUM?
213Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolorEUM,WUM?
214Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloidesWUMR

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

215Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macrouraWUM?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

216Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseusWUM?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

217Mountain WagtailMotacilla claraEUM,WUM?
218Gray WagtailMotacilla cinereaWUM?
219Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaEUM,WUM?
220African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpEUM,WUM?
221Striped PipitAnthus lineiventrisWUM?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

222Southern CitrilCrithagra hypostictusEUM,WUM?

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

223Spot-throatModulatrix stictigulaWUM?
224Dapple-throatArcanator orostruthusEUM?

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

225Cabanis's BuntingEmberiza cabanisiEUM?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

EUMEast Usambara Mountains
WUMWest Usambara Mountains