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SPECIALTIES

EAST USAMBARA MOUNTAINS

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):800-2440
# Species*:224
# Excl Vagrants*:224
# Endemics*:6
# Near Endemics*:11
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

1Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisWUM?

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

2Hildebrandt's SpurfowlPternistis hildebrandtiWUM?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

3Rock PigeonColumba liviaWUM?
4Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrixWUM?
5Delegorgue's PigeonColumba delegorgueiEUM,WUM?
6Lemon DoveAplopelia larvataEUM,WUM?
7Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensWUM?
8Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquataWUM?
9Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicolaWUM?
10Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilosWUM?
11Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferEUM,WUM?
12Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistriaEUM,WUM?
13African Green-PigeonTreron calvusEUM?

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

14Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriEUM?
15Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiEUM,WUM?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

16Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitariusEUM,WUM?
17African CuckooCuculus gularisWUM?
18White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosusEUM,WUM?
19Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaasWUM?
20Barred Long-tailed CuckooCercococcyx montanusEUM,WUM?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

21Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheriEUM?
22Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusEUM?
23Common SwiftApus apusEUM?
24African SwiftApus barbatusEUM,WUM?
25Little SwiftApus affinisEUM,WUM?
26White-rumped SwiftApus cafferWUM?
27African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvusEUM,WUM?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

28Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosEUM?

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

29Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiWUM?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

30Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusWUM?

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

31HamerkopScopus umbrettaWUM?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

32Little BitternIxobrychus minutusWUM?
33Gray HeronArdea cinereaWUM?
34Little EgretEgretta garzettaWUM?
35Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisWUM?
36Striated HeronButorides striataEUM?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

37African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusWUM?
38Olive IbisBostrychia olivaceaEUM?
39Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedashWUM?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

40African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typusEUM?
41Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensisEUM?
42European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusEUM?
43African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoidesEUM?
44BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusWUM?
45Fasciated Snake-EagleCircaetus fasciolatusEUM,WUM?
46Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusEUM?
47Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusEUM?
48Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisEUM,WUM?
49Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiEUM?
50Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiEUM,WUM?
51Tawny EagleAquila rapaxWUM?
52Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiWUM?
53African GoshawkAccipiter tachiroEUM,WUM?
54ShikraAccipiter badiusWUM?
55Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusEUM,WUM?
56Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucusEUM,WUM?
57Black KiteMilvus migransWUM?
58Common BuzzardButeo buteoWUM?
59Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilusEUM,WUM?
60Augur BuzzardButeo augurWUM?

 
Owls: Strigidae

61Sokoke Scops-OwlOtus ireneaeEUM?
62Fraser's Eagle-OwlKetupa poensisEUM?
63African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordiiEUM?

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

64Speckled MousebirdColius striatusEUM,WUM?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

65Narina TrogonApaloderma narinaEUM?
66Bar-tailed TrogonApaloderma vittatumEUM,WUM?

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

67Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureusEUM?
68Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelasEUM?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

69Silvery-cheeked HornbillBycanistes brevisEUM,WUM?
70Trumpeter HornbillBycanistes bucinatorEUM,WUM?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

71Half-collared KingfisherAlcedo semitorquataEUM?
72African Pygmy KingfisherIspidina pictaWUM?
73Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventrisEUM,WUM?
74Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaEUM?

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

75Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesWUM?

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

76Crested BarbetTrachyphonus vaillantiiWUM?
77White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotisEUM,WUM?
78Green BarbetStactolaema olivaceaEUM,WUM?
79Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplexEUM,WUM?
80Moustached TinkerbirdPogoniulus leucomystaxEUM,WUM?
81Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusEUM,WUM?

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

82Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiaeEUM,WUM?
83Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilusEUM,WUM?
84Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatusWUM?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

85Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescensWUM?
86Olive WoodpeckerChloropicus griseocephalusWUM?
87Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiEUM?
88Mombasa WoodpeckerCampethera mombassicaEUM?

 
African and Green Broadbill: Calyptomenidae

89African BroadbillSmithornis capensisEUM,WUM?

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

90Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesiaEUM,WUM?
91Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flavaEUM?

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

92Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusEUM?
93African Golden OrioleOriolus auratusEUM?
94Green-headed OrioleOriolus chlorocephalusEUM?
95African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatusEUM?

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

96Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltataEUM,WUM?
97Short-tailed BatisBatis mixtaEUM,WUM?
98Pale BatisBatis sororEUM?
99Eastern Black-headed BatisBatis minorEUM?

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

100Chestnut-fronted HelmetshrikePrionops scopifronsEUM?
101Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcherBias musicusEUM?

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

102Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cublaEUM,WUM?
103Tropical BoubouLaniarius majorEUM,WUM?
104Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteusEUM,WUM?
105Fuelleborn's BoubouLaniarius fuelleborniWUM?
106Black-fronted BushshrikeTelophorus nigrifronsEUM,WUM?
107Gray-headed BushshrikeMalaconotus blanchotiWUM?

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

108Common Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigiiEUM,WUM?
109Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisEUM,WUM?

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

110African Crested-FlycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelasEUM,WUM?
111African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridisEUM,WUM?

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

112Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiEUM?
113Northern FiscalLanius humeralisWUM?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

114Pied CrowCorvus albusWUM?
115White-necked RavenCorvus albicollisEUM,WUM?

 
Hyliotas: Hyliotidae

116Usambara HyliotaHyliota usambaraEUM?

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

117White-tailed Crested-FlycatcherElminia albonotataEUM,WUM?

 
Nicators: Nicatoridae

118Eastern NicatorNicator gularisEUM,WUM?

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

119Kretschmer's LongbillMacrosphenus kretschmeriEUM?

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

120African TailorbirdArtisornis metopiasWUM?
121Long-billed TailorbirdArtisornis moreauiEUM?
122Green-backed CamaropteraCamaroptera brachyuraEUM,WUM?
123Bar-throated ApalisApalis thoracicaWUM?
124Black-headed ApalisApalis melanocephalaEUM,WUM?
125Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflavaEUM,WUM?
126Red-faced CisticolaCisticola erythropsEUM,WUM?
127Coastal CisticolaCisticola haematocephalaWUM?

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

128Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusWUM?

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

129Evergreen-forest WarblerBradypterus lopeziEUM,WUM?
130Cinnamon Bracken-WarblerBradypterus cinnamomeusWUM?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

131Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaEUM,WUM?
132Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaWUM?
133Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaWUM?
134Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinicaEUM,WUM?
135Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensisWUM?
136Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristopteraEUM,WUM?

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

137Shelley's GreenbulArizelocichla masukuensisEUM,WUM?
138Eastern Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla nigricepsEUM,WUM?
139Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensisEUM,WUM?
140Little GreenbulEurillas virensEUM?
141Placid Greenbul**Phyllastrephus placidusWUM?
142Terrestrial BrownbulPhyllastrephus terrestrisWUM?
143Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitansEUM,WUM?
144Fischer's GreenbulPhyllastrephus fischeriEUM,WUM?
145Cabanis's GreenbulPhyllastrephus cabanisiEUM,WUM?
146Yellow-streaked GreenbulPhyllastrephus flavostriatusEUM,WUM?
147Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusEUM,WUM?

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

148Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusWUM?
149Yellow-throated Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus ruficapillaEUM,WUM?

 
Bush Warblers and Allies: Scotocercidae

150Yellow FlycatcherErythrocercus holochlorusEUM?

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

151African Hill BabblerSylvia abyssinicaWUM?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

152Pale White-eyeZosterops abyssinicusEUM?
153Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotusEUM,WUM?
154Northern Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEUM,WUM?

 
Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

155Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennisEUM?

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

156Scaly ChattererArgya aylmeriWUM?

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

157Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morioWUM?
158Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleriEUM,WUM?
159Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpiiWUM?
160Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenrickiEUM,WUM?
161Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia coruscaEUM?
162Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiWUM?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

163Red-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus rufusEUM?
164Orange Ground-ThrushGeokichla gurneyiEUM?
165Usambara ThrushTurdus roehliEUM,WUM?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

166African Dusky FlycatcherMuscicapa adustaEUM,WUM?
167Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidusEUM?
168Southern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis pammelainaEUM?
169White-eyed Slaty-FlycatcherMelaenornis fischeriEUM,WUM?
170Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrysWUM?
171Cape Robin-ChatCossypha caffraWUM?
172Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufaWUM?
173White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heugliniEUM,WUM?
174Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensisEUM,WUM?
175White-starred RobinPogonocichla stellataEUM,WUM?
176Swynnerton's RobinSwynnertonia swynnertoniEUM?
177White-chested AletheChamaetylas fuelleborniEUM,WUM?
178Sharpe's AkalatSheppardia sharpeiEUM?
179East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiEUM?
180Usambara AkalatSheppardia montanaWUM?
181African StonechatSaxicola torquatusEUM,WUM?
182Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventrisWUM?

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

183Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiEUM?
184Uluguru Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes neglectusEUM?
185Banded SunbirdAnthreptes rubritorquesEUM,WUMC
186Collared SunbirdHedydipna collarisEUM,WUM?
187Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterEUM?
188Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivaceaEUM,WUM?
189Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystinaEUM,WUM?
190Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensisWUM?
191Usambara Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris usambaricusWUM?
192Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatusEUM?
193Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustusEUM,WUM?

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

194Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafechtEUM,WUM?
195Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularisEUM,WUM?
196African Golden-WeaverPloceus subaureusWUM?
197Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusEUM?
198Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniEUM?
199Forest WeaverPloceus bicolorEUM,WUM?
200Usambara WeaverPloceus nicolliEUM,WUM?
201Zanzibar Red BishopEuplectes nigroventrisEUM?
202Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifronsWUM?

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

203Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataWUM?
204Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolorEUM,WUM?
205Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloidesWUMR
206Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartiniaEUM,WUM?
207Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidulaEUM?
208Red-faced CrimsonwingCryptospiza reichenoviiEUM,WUM?
209Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildEUM,WUM?
210Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaWUM?
211Red-headed BluebillSpermophaga ruficapillaEUM?
212Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatusWUM?
213African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricataWUM?

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

214Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macrouraWUM?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

215Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseusWUM?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

216Mountain WagtailMotacilla claraEUM,WUM?
217Gray WagtailMotacilla cinereaWUM?
218Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaEUM,WUM?
219African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpEUM,WUM?
220Striped PipitAnthus lineiventrisWUM?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

221Southern CitrilCrithagra hypostictusEUM,WUM?

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

222Spot-throatModulatrix stictigulaWUM?
223Dapple-throatArcanator orostruthusEUM?

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

224Cabanis's BuntingEmberiza cabanisiEUM?

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor9
\\Austral Visitor1
||Transient3
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular1
()Breeding Season Only0
{}Casual/Vagrant0
[]Accidental0

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common0
CCommon1
FCFairly/Locally Common0
UCUncommon/Scarce0
RRare/Very Scarce1
VRVery Rare0
XAccidental/Vagrant0
?Uncertain221

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened11
VVulnerable3
ENEndangered5
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.

LOCATION CODES

CodeDescription
EUMEast Usambara Mountains
WUMWest Usambara Mountains