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NGORONGORO CRATER

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):1675-2285
# Species*:287
# Excl Vagrants*:287
# Endemics*:2
# Near Endemics*:8
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Savanna, swamp, woodland, forest, alkaline lake

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelus

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
3Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
4Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensis
5/Garganey/Spatula querquedula
6Hottentot TealSpatula hottentota
7/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeata
8African Black DuckAnas sparsa
9Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulata
10Cape TealAnas capensis
11Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha
12\Southern Pochard\Netta erythrophthalma

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

13Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

14Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
15Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatus
16Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandti

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

17Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
18<Lesser Flamingo>Phoenicoparrus minor

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

19Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

20Speckled PigeonColumba guinea
21Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
22Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
23Mourning Collared-DoveStreptopelia decipiens
24Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
25Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
26Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
27Namaqua DoveOena capensis
28African Green-PigeonTreron calvus

 
Bustards: Otididae

29Kori BustardArdeotis kori

 
Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

30Yellow-throated SandgrousePterocles gutturalis

 
Bustards: Otididae

31White-bellied BustardEupodotis senegalensis
32Black-bellied BustardLissotis melanogaster
33Hartlaub's BustardLissotis hartlaubii

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

34Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowi

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

35White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
36Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
37/Great Spotted Cuckoo/Clamator glandarius
38Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
39African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus
40Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

41Abyssinian NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

42|Common Swift|Apus apus
43Nyanza SwiftApus niansae
44African SwiftApus barbatus
45Little SwiftApus affinis

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

46Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
47Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
48Black CrakeZapornia flavirostra

 
Cranes: Gruidae

49Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorum

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

50Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
51Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

52Long-toed LapwingVanellus crassirostris
53Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatus
54Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterus
55Crowned LapwingVanellus coronatus
56Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
57Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris
58Chestnut-banded PloverCharadrius pallidus

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

59African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

60/Eurasian Curlew/Numenius arquata
61/Ruff/Calidris pugnax
62/Curlew Sandpiper/Calidris ferruginea
63/Little Stint/Calidris minuta
64/Common Snipe/Gallinago gallinago
65/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
66/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus
67/Spotted Redshank/Tringa erythropus
68/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
69/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
70/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

71Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanus
72Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

73Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
74/Gull-billed Tern/Gelochelidon nilotica
75/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus
76Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

77#Abdim's Stork#Ciconia abdimii
78/White Stork/Ciconia ciconia
79Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensis
80Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumenifer
81Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

82African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

83Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
84Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

85Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
86Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

87HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

88Gray HeronArdea cinerea
89Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
90Purple HeronArdea purpurea
91Great EgretArdea alba
92Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
93Little EgretEgretta garzetta
94Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
95Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
96Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
97Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

98Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
99African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
100Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash
101African SpoonbillPlatalea alba

 
Secretary-bird: Sagittariidae

102SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentarius

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

103Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
104White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalis
105Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos
106Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachus
107White-backed VultureGyps africanus
108Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelli
109BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus
110Brown Snake-EagleCircaetus cinereus
111Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosus
112Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalis
113/Lesser Spotted Eagle/Clanga pomarina
114Tawny EagleAquila rapax
115/Steppe Eagle/Aquila nipalensis
116Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
117/Eurasian Marsh-Harrier/Circus aeruginosus
118/Pallid Harrier/Circus macrourus
119Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
120/Black Kite/Milvus migrans
121Yellow-billed Kite**Milvus aegyptius
122|Common Buzzard|Buteo buteo
123Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilus
124Augur BuzzardButeo augur

 
Owls: Strigidae

125Pearl-spotted OwletGlaucidium perlatum

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

126Speckled MousebirdColius striatus

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

127African Hoopoe**Upupa africana

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

128Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureus

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

129African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutus
130Von der Decken's HornbillTockus deckeni
131Silvery-cheeked HornbillBycanistes brevis

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

132Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
133Woodland KingfisherHalcyon senegalensis

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

134Little Bee-eaterMerops pusillus
135Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobates

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

136/European Roller/Coracias garrulus
137Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

138Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus
139White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

140Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiae
141Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

142Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescens
143Bearded WoodpeckerChloropicus namaquus
144Mountain Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus spodocephalus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

145/Lesser Kestrel/Falco naumanni
146/Eurasian Kestrel/Falco tinnunculus
147Greater KestrelFalco rupicoloides
148Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
149Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

150Chinspot BatisBatis molitor

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

151Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
152Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australis
153Tropical BoubouLaniarius major

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

154Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

155African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

156/Isabelline Shrike/Lanius isabellinus
157|Lesser Gray Shrike|Lanius minor
158Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisi
159Northern FiscalLanius humeralis
160White-rumped ShrikeEurocephalus ruppelli

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

161Cape CrowCorvus capensis
162White-necked RavenCorvus albicollis

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

163White-tailed Blue FlycatcherElminia albicauda

 
Larks: Alaudidae

164Fischer's Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucopareia
165White-tailed LarkMirafra albicauda
166Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africana
167Flappet LarkMirafra rufocinnamomea
168Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinerea

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

169Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytii

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

170Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudata
171Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchella
172Bar-throated ApalisApalis thoracica
173Brown-headed ApalisApalis alticola
174Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepida
175Red-faced CisticolaCisticola erythrops
176Singing CisticolaCisticola cantans
177Hunter's CisticolaCisticola hunteri
178Rattling CisticolaCisticola chiniana
179Wailing CisticolaCisticola lais
180Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatus
181Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
182Desert CisticolaCisticola aridulus
183Pectoral-patch CisticolaCisticola brunnescens

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

184Mountain Yellow-WarblerIduna similis
185African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
186Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

187Cinnamon Bracken-WarblerBradypterus cinnamomeus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

188Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
189/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia
190Banded MartinRiparia cincta
191Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
192/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
193Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
194Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensis
195/Common House-Martin/Delichon urbicum
196Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristoptera

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

197Eastern Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla nigriceps
198Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

199/Willow Warbler/Phylloscopus trochilus
200Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirens

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

201African Hill BabblerSylvia abyssinica
202/Eurasian Blackcap/Sylvia atricapilla
203Brown ParisomaSylvia lugens

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

204Pale White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus
205Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotus

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

206Black-lored BabblerTurdoides sharpei

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

207Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorynchus
208Yellow-billed OxpeckerBuphagus africanus

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

209Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
210Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morio
211Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleri
212Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenricki
213Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandti
214Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

215Abyssinian ThrushTurdus abyssinicus

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

216African Dusky FlycatcherMuscicapa adusta
217|Spotted Flycatcher|Muscicapa striata
218African Gray FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchus
219SilverbirdMelaenornis semipartitus
220White-eyed Slaty-FlycatcherMelaenornis fischeri
221Cape Robin-ChatCossypha caffra
222Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufa
223White-starred RobinPogonocichla stellata
224/White-throated Robin/Irania gutturalis
225/Whinchat/Saxicola rubetra
226African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
227Moorland ChatPinarochroa sordida
228Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiops
229/Northern Wheatear/Oenanthe oenanthe
230Capped WheatearOenanthe pileata
231/Isabelline Wheatear/Oenanthe isabellina
232Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubris

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

233Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
234Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
235Tacazze SunbirdNectarinia tacazze
236Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensis
237Malachite SunbirdNectarinia famosa
238Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowi
239Eastern Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris mediocris
240Beautiful SunbirdCinnyris pulchellus
241Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustus

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

242White-headed Buffalo-WeaverDinemellia dinemelli
243Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficauda
244Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafecht
245African Golden-WeaverPloceus subaureus
246Holub's Golden-WeaverPloceus xanthops
247Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermedius
248Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
249Speke's WeaverPloceus spekei
250<Red-billed Quelea>Quelea quelea
251Southern Red BishopEuplectes orix
252<Yellow-crowned Bishop>Euplectes afer
253Yellow BishopEuplectes capensis
254White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus
255Red-collared WidowbirdEuplectes ardens
256Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillaris
257Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoni
258Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

259Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartinia
260Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
261Blue-capped CordonbleuUraeginthus cyanocephalus
262Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogaster
263Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegala
264African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricata
265Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullata

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

266Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
267Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaea
268Village IndigobirdVidua chalybeata

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

269House SparrowPasser domesticus
270Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus
271Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

272/Gray Wagtail/Motacilla cinerea
273/Western Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla flava
274African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
275African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
276Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
277Plain-backed PipitAnthus leucophrys
278/Tree Pipit/Anthus trivialis
279Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceus
280Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliae

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

281Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicus
282Southern CitrilCrithagra hypostictus
283Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchanani
284Streaky SeedeaterCrithagra striolatus
285Thick-billed SeedeaterCrithagra burtoni
286Yellow-crowned CanarySerinus flavivertex

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

287Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental