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ARUSHA NATIONAL PARK

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):542
Altitude (m):1500-4566
# Species*:265
# Excl Vagrants*:265
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:6
Species/100 SqKm*:48.9
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Savanna, swamps, lakes, rainforest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelus

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
3White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
4Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
5Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensis
6Hottentot TealSpatula hottentota
7Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulata
8Cape TealAnas capensis
9Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha
10/Northern Pintail/Anas acuta
11\Southern Pochard\Netta erythrophthalma
12Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoa

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

13Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

14Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatus

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

15Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
16<Lesser Flamingo>Phoenicoparrus minor

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

17Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
18Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
19Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

20Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
21Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
22Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
23Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
24Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilos
25Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
26African Green-PigeonTreron calvus

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

27Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubi

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

28Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitarius
29White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
30Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
31African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus
32Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

33Abyssinian NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

34Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilus
35Alpine SwiftApus melba
36Mottled SwiftApus aequatorialis
37|Common Swift|Apus apus
38Nyanza SwiftApus niansae
39African SwiftApus barbatus
40Little SwiftApus affinis
41(Horus Swift)Apus horus
42White-rumped SwiftApus caffer

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

43|Corn Crake|Crex crex
44Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
45Black CrakeZapornia flavirostra

 
Cranes: Gruidae

46Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorum

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

47Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatus

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

48Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
49Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

50Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatus
51Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
52Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
53/Common Ringed Plover/Charadrius hiaticula
54Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

55<Greater Painted-Snipe>Rostratula benghalensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

56African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

57/Little Stint/Calidris minuta
58/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
59/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus
60/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
61/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
62/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

63/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

64/Black Stork/Ciconia nigra
65/White Stork/Ciconia ciconia
66Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensis
67Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumenifer
68Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

69Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
70Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

71HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

72Gray HeronArdea cinerea
73Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
74Great EgretArdea alba
75Little EgretEgretta garzetta
76Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
77Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
78\Madagascar Pond-Heron\Ardeola idae
79Striated HeronButorides striata
80Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

81African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
82Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash
83African SpoonbillPlatalea alba

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

84Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
85Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
86White-backed VultureGyps africanus
87BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus
88Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus
89Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosus
90Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalis
91Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresii
92Tawny EagleAquila rapax
93Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxii
94Lizard BuzzardKaupifalco monogrammicus
95Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
96Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
97/Eurasian Marsh-Harrier/Circus aeruginosus
98African Marsh-HarrierCircus ranivorus
99Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
100/Black Kite/Milvus migrans
101Yellow-billed Kite**Milvus aegyptius
102African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vocifer
103|Common Buzzard|Buteo buteo
104Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilus
105Augur BuzzardButeo augur

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

106Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

107Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanus

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

108Speckled MousebirdColius striatus

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

109Narina TrogonApaloderma narina
110Bar-tailed TrogonApaloderma vittatum

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

111African Hoopoe**Upupa africana

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

112Crowned HornbillLophoceros alboterminatus
113African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutus
114Von der Decken's HornbillTockus deckeni
115Silvery-cheeked HornbillBycanistes brevis

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

116African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina picta
117Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
118Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventris
119Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maxima

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

120White-fronted Bee-eaterMerops bullockoides
121Little Bee-eaterMerops pusillus
122Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobates
123|European Bee-eater|Merops apiaster

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

124/European Roller/Coracias garrulus

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

125White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotis
126Moustached TinkerbirdPogoniulus leucomystax
127Spot-flanked BarbetTricholaema lacrymosa
128White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus
129Brown-breasted BarbetLybius melanopterus

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

130Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiae
131Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

132Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescens
133Mountain Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus spodocephalus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

134Pygmy FalconPolihierax semitorquatus
135/Lesser Kestrel/Falco naumanni
136/Eurasian Kestrel/Falco tinnunculus
137|Amur Falcon|Falco amurensis
138|Sooty Falcon|Falco concolor
139/Eurasian Hobby/Falco subbuteo
140African HobbyFalco cuvierii
141Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

142Red-fronted ParrotPoicephalus gulielmi

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

143Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flava

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

144/African Golden Oriole/Oriolus auratus
145African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatus

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

146Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltata
147Chinspot BatisBatis molitor

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

148Retz's HelmetshrikePrionops retzii

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

149BrubruNilaus afer
150Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cubla
151Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
152Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australis
153Tropical BoubouLaniarius major
154Sulphur-breasted BushshrikeTelophorus sulfureopectus
155Black-fronted BushshrikeTelophorus nigrifrons

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

156Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

157African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

158/Isabelline Shrike/Lanius isabellinus
159Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisi
160Taita FiscalLanius dorsalis
161Northern FiscalLanius humeralis

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

162Pied CrowCorvus albus
163White-necked RavenCorvus albicollis

 
Larks: Alaudidae

164Foxy LarkCalendulauda alopex
165Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africana

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

166Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytii
167Moustached Grass-WarblerMelocichla mentalis

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

168Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudata
169Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchella
170Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
171Black-headed ApalisApalis melanocephala
172Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflava
173Red-fronted WarblerPrinia rufifrons
174Singing CisticolaCisticola cantans
175Trilling CisticolaCisticola woosnami
176Hunter's CisticolaCisticola hunteri
177Rattling CisticolaCisticola chiniana
178Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatus
179Siffling CisticolaCisticola brachypterus

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

180African Yellow-WarblerIduna natalensis

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

181Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
182/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia
183Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
184/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
185Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
186Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
187Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinica
188/Common House-Martin/Delichon urbicum
189Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristoptera
190Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopyga

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

191Eastern Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla nigriceps
192Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensis
193Yellow-bellied GreenbulChlorocichla flaviventris
194Little GreenbulEurillas virens
195Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitans
196Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

197/Willow Warbler/Phylloscopus trochilus
198Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirens

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

199/Eurasian Blackcap/Sylvia atricapilla
200Banded ParisomaSylvia boehmi

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

201Pale White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus
202Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotus

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

203Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorynchus
204Yellow-billed OxpeckerBuphagus africanus

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

205Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
206Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morio
207Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleri
208Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpii
209Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenricki
210Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

211Abyssinian ThrushTurdus abyssinicus

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

212African Dusky FlycatcherMuscicapa adusta
213|Spotted Flycatcher|Muscicapa striata
214African Gray FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchus
215White-eyed Slaty-FlycatcherMelaenornis fischeri
216Cape Robin-ChatCossypha caffra
217White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heuglini
218Spotted Morning-ThrushCichladusa guttata
219White-starred RobinPogonocichla stellata
220/Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush/Monticola saxatilis
221African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
222Capped WheatearOenanthe pileata
223/Isabelline Wheatear/Oenanthe isabellina

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

224Collared SunbirdHedydipna collaris
225Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
226Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
227Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
228Tacazze SunbirdNectarinia tacazze
229Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensis
230Malachite SunbirdNectarinia famosa
231Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowi
232Eastern Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris mediocris
233Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustus

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

234Red-headed WeaverAnaplectes rubriceps
235Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafecht
236Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularis
237Taveta Golden-WeaverPloceus castaneiceps
238Speke's WeaverPloceus spekei
239Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
240Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
241<Golden-backed Weaver>Ploceus jacksoni
242<Red-billed Quelea>Quelea quelea
243Yellow BishopEuplectes capensis
244Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillaris
245Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

246Abyssinian CrimsonwingCryptospiza salvadorii
247Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopyga
248Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
249Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatus
250Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegala
251African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricata
252QuailfinchOrtygospiza atricollis

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

253Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

254House SparrowPasser domesticus
255Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

256/Western Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla flava
257African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
258African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
259Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
260Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceus
261Pangani LongclawMacronyx aurantiigula
262Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliae

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

263Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicus
264Southern CitrilCrithagra hypostictus
265Streaky SeedeaterCrithagra striolatus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental