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DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):14,763
Altitude ():m
# Species*:542
# Excl Vagrants*:541
# Endemics*:3
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 SqKm*:3.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Grassland, woodland, wetlands, lakes, kopjes

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataGRU,SNPUC
3Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorSNPR
4Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotosGRU,SNPUC
5Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
6Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisSNPR
7African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritusSNPR
8GarganeySpatula querquedulaSNPR
9Hottentot TealSpatula hottentotaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
10Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeataNSNP,SNPC
11Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeNSNP,SNPR
12African Black DuckAnas sparsaSNPR
13Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulataSNPR
14Cape TealAnas capensisNDU,SNPC
15Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhynchaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
16Northern PintailAnas acutaNSNP,SNPR
17Eurasian TealAnas creccaSNPR
18Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalmaSNPUC
19Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoaSNPUC

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

20Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
21Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucheraniSNPR

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

22Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorgueiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
23Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatusNSNP,SNPR
24Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandtiSNPUC
25Yellow-necked FrancolinPternistis leucoscepusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
26Gray-breasted FrancolinPternistis rufopictusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
27Red-necked FrancolinPternistis aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
28Crested FrancolinDendroperdix sephaenaSNPR
29Coqui FrancolinPeliperdix coquiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
30Red-winged FrancolinScleroptera levaillantiiNSNP,SNPR
31Shelley's FrancolinScleroptera shelleyiNSNP,SNPR

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

32Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
33Lesser FlamingoPhoenicoparrus minorNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

34Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisGRU,NDU,SNPFC
35Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusSNPR
36Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

37Rock PigeonColumba liviaGRU,SNP?
38Speckled PigeonColumba guineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
39Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
40Mourning Collared-DoveStreptopelia decipiensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
41Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
42Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
43Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
44Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
45Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistriaSNPR
46Namaqua DoveOena capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
47African Green-PigeonTreron calvusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Bustards: Otididae

48Kori BustardArdeotis koriNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

49Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusNDU,SNPFC
50Yellow-throated SandgrousePterocles gutturalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
51Black-faced SandgrousePterocles decoratusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Bustards: Otididae

52Denham's BustardNeotis denhamiSNPR
53White-bellied BustardEupodotis senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
54Buff-crested BustardEupodotis gindianaSNPR
55Black-bellied BustardLissotis melanogasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
56Hartlaub's BustardLissotis hartlaubiiSNPUC

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

57Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowiSNPFC
58Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiSNPR
59Ross's TuracoMusophaga rossaeSNPUC
60Bare-faced Go-away-birdCorythaixoides personatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
61White-bellied Go-away-birdCorythaixoides leucogasterSNPR
62Eastern Plantain-eaterCrinifer zonurusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

63Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitariusGRU,SNPUC
64Black CuckooCuculus clamosusSNPR
65Common CuckooCuculus canorusSNPUC
66African CuckooCuculus gularisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
67Black CoucalCentropus grilliiNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
68White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
69Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
70Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantiiGRU,SNPR
71Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusNDU,SNPFC
72Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaasGRU,NDU,SNPUC
73African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreusSNPUC
74Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx capriusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

75Pennant-winged NightjarCaprimulgus vexillariusSNPR
76Sombre NightjarCaprimulgus fraenatusSNPFC
77Freckled NightjarCaprimulgus tristigmaSNPR
78Slender-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus clarusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
79Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossiiSNPUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

80Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusSNPR
81Alpine SwiftApus melbaSNPR
82Mottled SwiftApus aequatorialisNDU,SNPUC
83Common SwiftApus apusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
84Nyanza SwiftApus niansaeSNPR
85African SwiftApus barbatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
86Little SwiftApus affinisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
87Horus SwiftApus horusNDU,SNPFC
88White-rumped SwiftApus cafferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
89African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

90African CrakeCrex egregiaSNPR
91Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
92Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataSNPR
93Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataSNPUC
94Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniSNPR
95African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensisSNPR
96Black CrakeZapornia flavirostraGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Cranes: Gruidae

97Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

98Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatusGRU,SNP?
99Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

100Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
101Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

102Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaSNPR
103Long-toed LapwingVanellus crassirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
104Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
105Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
106White-headed LapwingVanellus albicepsSNPX
107Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubrisGRU,SNPUC
108Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterusGRU,NDU,SNPC
109Crowned LapwingVanellus coronatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
110Wattled LapwingVanellus senegallusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
111Brown-chested LapwingVanellus superciliosusSNPR
112Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusSNPR
113Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusGRU,SNP,SSNP?
114Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
115Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
116Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusSNPR
117Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollarisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
118White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusGRU,SNPVR
119Chestnut-banded PloverCharadrius pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

120Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

121African JacanaActophilornis africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

122WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusGRU,SNP?
123Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataSNPR
124Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaSNPR
125Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresSNPR
126RuffCalidris pugnaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
127Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
128Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
129SanderlingCalidris albaSNPR
130Little StintCalidris minutaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
131Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusSNPR
132Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusGRU,SNPUC
133Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
134African SnipeGallinago nigripennisSNPUC
135Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
136Green SandpiperTringa ochropusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
137Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusGRU,SNPUC
138Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
139Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
140Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
141Common RedshankTringa totanusSNPR

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

142Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
143Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
144Three-banded CourserRhinoptilus cinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
145Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaNDU,SNP?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

146Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
147Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
148Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
149Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
150White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
151Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaGRU,SNPR
152African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisGRU,SNPR

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

153African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerusGRU,SNPUC
154Black StorkCiconia nigraSNPR
155Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimiiGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
156Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusGRU,SNPFC
157White StorkCiconia ciconiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
158Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
159Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
160Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisGRU,NDU,SNPFC

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

161African DarterAnhinga rufaSNPR

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

162Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
163Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboGRU,SNP,SSNP?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

164Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusNDU,SNPUC
165Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensSNPR

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

166HamerkopScopus umbrettaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

167Little BitternIxobrychus minutusSNPR
168Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmiiSNPR
169Gray HeronArdea cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
170Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
171Goliath HeronArdea goliathGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
172Purple HeronArdea purpureaSNPR
173Great EgretArdea albaGRU,SNP?
174Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaSNPR
175Little EgretEgretta garzettaGRU,NDU,SNP?
176Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaSNPR
177Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
178Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesGRU,NDU,SNPUC
179Striated HeronButorides striataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
180Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

181Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
182Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
183Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedashGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
184African SpoonbillPlatalea albaSNPR

 
Secretary-bird: Sagittariidae

185SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentariusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

186OspreyPandion haliaetusGRU,SNPR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

187Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
188African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typusNDU,SNPUC
189Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusNSNP,SNPR
190Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusSNPUC
191African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
192White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
193Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
194Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
195White-backed VultureGyps africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
196Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
197BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
198Black-breasted Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
199Brown Snake-EagleCircaetus cinereusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
200Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusSNPR
201Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusSNPR
202Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
203Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
204Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaSNPR
205Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
206Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiSNPR
207Tawny EagleAquila rapaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
208Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
209Imperial EagleAquila heliacaNSNP,SNPR
210Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
211African Hawk-EagleAquila spilogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
212Lizard BuzzardKaupifalco monogrammicusSNPR
213Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabatesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
214Eastern Chanting-GoshawkMelierax poliopterusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
215Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabarGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
216Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
217African Marsh-HarrierCircus ranivorusGRU,SNPR
218Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
219Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
220ShikraAccipiter badiusSNPR
221Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusSNPR
222Ovambo SparrowhawkAccipiter ovampensisSNPR
223Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucusSNPR
224/Black Kite/Milvus migransGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
225Yellow-billed Kite**Milvus aegyptiusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
226African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vociferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
227Common BuzzardButeo buteoGRU,SNPUC
228Augur BuzzardButeo augurGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

229Barn OwlTyto albaNDU,SNPUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

230African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensisSNPFC
231Southern White-faced OwlPtilopsis grantiSNPR
232Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanusSNPFC
233Verreaux's Eagle-OwlBubo lacteusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
234Pearl-spotted OwletGlaucidium perlatumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
235African Barred OwletGlaucidium capenseSNPR
236African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordiiSNPR
237Marsh OwlAsio capensisSNPFC

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

238Speckled MousebirdColius striatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
239Blue-naped MousebirdUrocolius macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

240Narina TrogonApaloderma narinaSNPUC

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

241Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsGRU,SNP?
242African Hoopoe**Upupa africanaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

243Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureusGRU,NDU,SNPC
244Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelasSNPUC
245Abyssinian ScimitarbillRhinopomastus minorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

246Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriGRU,SNPFC
247Crowned HornbillLophoceros alboterminatusSNPUC
248African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
249Northern Red-billed HornbillTockus erythrorhynchusGRU,SNPFC
250Tanzanian Red-billed HornbillTockus ruahaeSNP?
251Von der Decken's HornbillTockus deckeniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
252Black-and-white-casqued HornbillBycanistes subcylindricaSNPUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

253Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
254African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina pictaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
255Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephalaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
256Woodland KingfisherHalcyon senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
257Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventrisSNPR
258Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicutiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
259Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaSNPR
260Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisGRU,SNPUC

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

261Little Bee-eaterMerops pusillusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
262Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesNSNP,SNPR
263Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineusSNPR
264White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
265Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusGRU,SNPUC
266Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosusSNPR
267European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

268European RollerCoracias garrulusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
269Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
270Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naeviusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
271Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurusSNPR

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

272Red-and-yellow BarbetTrachyphonus erythrocephalusSNP?
273D'Arnaud's BarbetTrachyphonus darnaudiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
274Usambiro Barbet**Trachyphonus usambiroNDU,SNP?
275Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusSNPUC
276Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillusGRU,NDU,SNP?
277Red-fronted BarbetTricholaema diademataNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
278Spot-flanked BarbetTricholaema lacrymosaNDU,SNPUC
279White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalusNDU,SNPFC
280Double-toothed BarbetLybius bidentatusSNPR

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

281Wahlberg's HoneyguideProdotiscus regulusSNPR
282Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minorSNPR
283Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatusSNPR
284Greater HoneyguideIndicator indicatorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

285Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
286Bearded WoodpeckerChloropicus namaquusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
287African Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus goertaeGRU,NSNP,SNP?
288Mountain Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus spodocephalusNDU,SNP,SSNP?
289Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiSNPR
290Nubian WoodpeckerCampethera nubicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
291Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoniSNPR

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

292Pygmy FalconPolihierax semitorquatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
293Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
294Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
295Greater KestrelFalco rupicoloidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
296Gray KestrelFalco ardosiaceusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
297Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoniSNPR
298Red-necked FalconFalco chicqueraNDU,SNPR
299Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusSNPR
300Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeSNPR
301Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoSNPR
302African HobbyFalco cuvieriiSNPR
303Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
304Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSNPR

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

305Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

306Red-fronted ParrotPoicephalus gulielmiNSNP?
307Meyer's ParrotPoicephalus meyeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
308Red-bellied ParrotPoicephalus rufiventrisSNP?

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

309Brown-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira cyaneaGRU,SNPUC
310Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltataSNPUC
311Chinspot BatisBatis molitorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
312Black-headed BatisBatis minorSNPR

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

313White HelmetshrikePrionops plumatusSNPR
314Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

315BrubruNilaus aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
316Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cublaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
317Marsh TchagraTchagra minutusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
318Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalusGRU,SNPUC
319Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
320Tropical BoubouLaniarius majorGRU,SNPUC
321Black-headed GonolekLaniarius erythrogasterGRU,SNPUC
322Slate-colored BoubouLaniarius funebrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
323Sulphur-breasted BushshrikeTelophorus sulfureopectusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
324Gray-headed BushshrikeMalaconotus blanchotiGRU,SNPR

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

325Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesiaSNPR
326Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flavaSNPUC
327Purple-throated CuckooshrikeCampephaga quiscalinaSNPR

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

328Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioGRU,NDU,SNPUC
329Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
330Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorSNPUC
331Gray-backed FiscalLanius excubitoroidesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
332Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiSNP?
333Taita FiscalLanius dorsalisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
334Northern FiscalLanius humeralisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
335Magpie ShrikeCorvinella melanoleucaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
336White-rumped ShrikeEurocephalus ruppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

337Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusSNPR
338African Golden OrioleOriolus auratusSNPUC
339African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatusGRU,SNPUC

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

340Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigiiSNPFC
341Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

342African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

343Cape CrowCorvus capensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
344Pied CrowCorvus albusGRU,SNPR
345White-necked RavenCorvus albicollisNDU,SNPUC

 
Larks: Alaudidae

346Chestnut-backed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucotisSNPR
347Fischer's Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucopareiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
348Foxy LarkCalendulauda alopexNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
349Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillansSNPC
350White-tailed LarkMirafra albicaudaSNPUC
351Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africanaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
352Flappet LarkMirafra rufocinnamomeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
353Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinereaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
354Short-tailed LarkPseudalaemon fremantliiSNPUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

355Plain MartinRiparia paludicolaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
356Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaSNPR
357Banded MartinRiparia cinctaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
358Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
359Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
360Angola SwallowHirundo angolensisGRU,SNPR
361Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
362Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
363Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
364Rufous-chested SwallowCecropis semirufaNSNP,SNPR
365Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
366Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumNDU,SNPR
367White-headed SawwingPsalidoprocne albicepsGRU,SNPUC
368Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristopteraGRU,SNPR
369Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopygaNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

370White-bellied TitMelaniparus albiventrisSNPUC
371Red-throated TitMelaniparus fringillinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Penduline-Tits: Remizidae

372African Penduline-TitAnthoscopus caroliSNPR

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

373Gray-olive GreenbulPhyllastrephus cerviniventrisSNPR
374Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

375Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
376Moustached Grass-WarblerMelocichla mentalisSNPR

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

377Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixSNPR
378Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

379Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
380Mountain Yellow-WarblerIduna similisSNP?
381Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
382Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
383Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusGRU,SNP?
384African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
385Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostrisSNPR
386Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusGRU,SNPR

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

387Fan-tailed GrassbirdSchoenicola brevirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

388Yellow-bellied EremomelaEremomela icteropygialisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
389Greencap EremomelaEremomela scotopsSNPR
390Miombo Wren-WarblerCalamonastes undosusNDU,SNP?
391Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
392Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchellaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
393Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavidaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
394Karamoja ApalisApalis karamojaeNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
395Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflavaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
396Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
397Singing CisticolaCisticola cantansSNPUC
398Rock-loving CisticolaCisticola aberransSNPUC
399Rattling CisticolaCisticola chinianaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
400Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
401Croaking CisticolaCisticola natalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
402Tabora CisticolaCisticola angusticaudaNDU,SNPR
403Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
404Desert CisticolaCisticola aridulusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
405Pectoral-patch CisticolaCisticola brunnescensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sylviid Warblers: Sylviidae

406Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapillaSNPR
407Garden WarblerSylvia borinSNPUC
408Banded ParisomaSylvia boehmiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
409Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

410African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisNDU,SNPUC

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

411Rufous ChattererTurdoides rubiginosaSNPR
412Black-lored BabblerTurdoides sharpeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
413Arrow-marked BabblerTurdoides jardineiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

414Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
415Swamp FlycatcherMuscicapa aquaticaGRU,SNPR
416Grayish FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
417Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
418Ashy FlycatcherFraseria caerulescensSNPFC
419SilverbirdMelaenornis semipartitusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
420Northern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis edolioidesSNPR
421Southern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis pammelainaSNPUC
422Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrysNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
423White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heugliniNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
424Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensisSNPR
425Spotted Morning-ThrushCichladusa guttataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
426White-throated RobinIrania gutturalisSNPR
427Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
428Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereusNSNP,SNPR
429Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisNDU,SNPFC
430WhinchatSaxicola rubetraSNPR
431Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
432Sooty ChatMyrmecocichla nigraNDU,SNPFC
433Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventrisNDU,SNPFC
434Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
435Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubrisGRU,SNP?
436Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaNDU,SNPUC
437Capped WheatearOenanthe pileataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
438Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

439Kurrichane ThrushTurdus libonyanaSNP,SSNP?

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

440Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
441Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogasterNDU,SNPUC
442Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morioNDU,SNPUC
443Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleriSNPR
444Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
445Rueppell's StarlingLamprotornis purpuropteraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
446Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
447Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeusSNPFC

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

448Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorhynchusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
449Yellow-billed OxpeckerBuphagus africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

450Eastern Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes orientalisSNPR
451Collared SunbirdHedydipna collarisGRU,SNPUC
452Green-headed SunbirdCyanomitra verticalisSNPR
453Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystinaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
454Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
455Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
456Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowiSNPFC
457Beautiful SunbirdCinnyris pulchellusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
458Mariqua SunbirdCinnyris mariquensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
459Red-chested SunbirdCinnyris erythrocercusGRU,SNPUC
460Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatusSNPUC
461Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

462Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaGRU,SNPFC
463African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
464African PipitAnthus cinnamomeusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
465Long-billed PipitAnthus similisNDU,SNPR
466Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisSNPR
467Plain-backed PipitAnthus leucophrysGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
468Tree PipitAnthus trivialisNDU,SNPR
469Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusSNPR
470Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
471Pangani LongclawMacronyx aurantiigulaNDU,SNP?
472Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliaeNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

473Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
474Reichenow's SeedeaterCrithagra reichenowiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
475White-bellied CanaryCrithagra dorsostriatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
476Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchananiSNP?
477Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphuratusSNPUC
478Streaky SeedeaterCrithagra striolatusSNPR

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

479Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisiSNPUC
480Golden-breasted BuntingEmberiza flaviventrisNDU,SNPUC

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

481House SparrowPasser domesticusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
482Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
483Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
484Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
485Chestnut SparrowPasser eminibeyGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
486Yellow-spotted PetroniaGymnornis pyrgitaNDU,SNPUC

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

487Red-billed Buffalo-WeaverBubalornis nigerGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
488White-headed Buffalo-WeaverDinemellia dinemelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
489Speckle-fronted WeaverSporopipes frontalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
490White-browed Sparrow-WeaverPlocepasser mahaliSNPR
491Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficaudaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
492Gray-headed Social-WeaverPseudonigrita arnaudiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
493Red-headed WeaverAnaplectes rubricepsGRU,SNPFC
494Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafechtGRU,SNP?
495Little WeaverPloceus luteolusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
496Black-necked WeaverPloceus nigricollisGRU,SNPR
497Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
498Holub's Golden-WeaverPloceus xanthopsSNPUC
499Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermediusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
500Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
501Speke's WeaverPloceus spekeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
502Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
503Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
504Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
505Chestnut WeaverPloceus rubiginosusSNPUC
506Cardinal QueleaQuelea cardinalisNDU,SNPFC
507Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythropsSNPR
508Red-billed QueleaQuelea queleaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
509Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixGRU,NDU,SNPUC
510Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
511Black BishopEuplectes gierowiiSNPR
512Yellow BishopEuplectes capensisGRU,SNPUC
513White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
514Yellow-mantled WidowbirdEuplectes macrouraSNPC
515Red-collared WidowbirdEuplectes ardensSNP?
516Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillarisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
517Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoniSNPC
518Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifronsGRU,SNPR

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

519Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartiniaSNPR
520Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaSNPUC
521Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildSNPUC
522Black-faced WaxbillEstrilda erythronotosGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
523Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
524Blue-capped CordonbleuUraeginthus cyanocephalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
525Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
526Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melbaGRU,SNPFC
527Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
528African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricataNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
529Jameson's FirefinchLagonosticta rhodopareiaSNPR
530Cut-throatAmadina fasciataGRU,SNPUC
531Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavusSNPR
532African QuailfinchOrtygospiza fuscocrissaNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
533Gray-headed SilverbillOdontospiza griseicapillaSNPFC
534Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
535Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolorSNPR
536African SilverbillEuodice cantansNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

537Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macrouraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
538Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
539Steel-blue WhydahVidua hypocherinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
540Straw-tailed WhydahVidua fischeriNDU,SNPUC
541Village IndigobirdVidua chalybeataGRU,SNP?
542Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbisSNPR

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

GRUSerengeti-Grumeti Area
NDUNdutu Area
NSNPNorthern Serengeti Plains
SSNPSouthern Serengeti Plains