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DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK

green-slate

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):14,763
Altitude ():m
# Species*:542
# Excl Vagrants*:541
# Endemics*:3
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 SqKm*:3.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Grassland, woodland, wetlands, lakes, kopjes

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataGRU,SNPUC
3Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorSNPR
4Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotosGRU,SNPUC
5Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
6Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisSNPR
7African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritusSNPR
8GarganeySpatula querquedulaSNPR
9Hottentot TealSpatula hottentotaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
10Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeataNSNP,SNPC
11Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeNSNP,SNPR
12African Black DuckAnas sparsaSNPR
13Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulataSNPR
14Cape TealAnas capensisNDU,SNPC
15Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhynchaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
16Northern PintailAnas acutaNSNP,SNPR
17Eurasian TealAnas creccaSNPR
18Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalmaSNPUC
19Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoaSNPUC

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

20Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
21Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucheraniSNPR

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

22Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorgueiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
23Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatusNSNP,SNPR
24Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandtiSNPUC
25Yellow-necked FrancolinPternistis leucoscepusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
26Gray-breasted FrancolinPternistis rufopictusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
27Red-necked FrancolinPternistis aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
28Crested FrancolinDendroperdix sephaenaSNPR
29Coqui FrancolinPeliperdix coquiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
30Red-winged FrancolinScleroptera levaillantiiNSNP,SNPR
31Shelley's FrancolinScleroptera shelleyiNSNP,SNPR

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

32Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisGRU,NDU,SNPFC
33Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusSNPR
34Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

35Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
36Lesser FlamingoPhoenicoparrus minorNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

37African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerusGRU,SNPUC
38Black StorkCiconia nigraSNPR
39Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimiiGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
40Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusGRU,SNPFC
41White StorkCiconia ciconiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
42Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
43Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
44Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisGRU,NDU,SNPFC

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

45Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
46Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboGRU,SNP,SSNP?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

47African DarterAnhinga rufaSNPR

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

48Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusNDU,SNPUC
49Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensSNPR

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

50HamerkopScopus umbrettaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

51Little BitternIxobrychus minutusSNPR
52Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmiiSNPR
53Gray HeronArdea cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
54Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
55Goliath HeronArdea goliathGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
56Purple HeronArdea purpureaSNPR
57Great EgretArdea albaGRU,SNP?
58Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaSNPR
59Little EgretEgretta garzettaGRU,NDU,SNP?
60Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaSNPR
61Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
62Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesGRU,NDU,SNPUC
63Striated HeronButorides striataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
64Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

65Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
66Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
67Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedashGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
68African SpoonbillPlatalea albaSNPR

 
Secretary-bird: Sagittariidae

69SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentariusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

70OspreyPandion haliaetusGRU,SNPR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

71Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
72African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typusNDU,SNPUC
73Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusSNPUC
74African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
75White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
76Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
77Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
78White-backed VultureGyps africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
79Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
80BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
81Black-breasted Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
82Brown Snake-EagleCircaetus cinereusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
83Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusSNPR
84Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusSNPR
85Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
86Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
87Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaSNPR
88Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
89Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiSNPR
90Tawny EagleAquila rapaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
91Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
92Imperial EagleAquila heliacaNSNP,SNPR
93Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
94African Hawk-EagleAquila spilogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
95Lizard BuzzardKaupifalco monogrammicusSNPR
96Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabatesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
97Eastern Chanting-GoshawkMelierax poliopterusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
98Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabarGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
99Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
100African Marsh-HarrierCircus ranivorusGRU,SNPR
101Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
102Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
103ShikraAccipiter badiusSNPR
104Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusSNPR
105Ovambo SparrowhawkAccipiter ovampensisSNPR
106Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucusSNPR
107/Black Kite/Milvus migransGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
108Yellow-billed Kite**Milvus aegyptiusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
109African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vociferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
110Common BuzzardButeo buteoGRU,SNPUC
111Augur BuzzardButeo augurGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Bustards: Otididae

112Kori BustardArdeotis koriNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
113Denham's BustardNeotis denhamiSNPR
114White-bellied BustardEupodotis senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
115Buff-crested BustardEupodotis gindianaSNPR
116Black-bellied BustardLissotis melanogasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
117Hartlaub's BustardLissotis hartlaubiiSNPUC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

118African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaSNPR
119Black CrakeZapornia flavirostraGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
120Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniSNPR
121African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensisSNPR
122Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
123Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataSNPR
124Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataSNPUC

 
Cranes: Gruidae

125Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

126Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatusGRU,SNP?
127Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

128Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
129Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

130Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaSNPR
131Long-toed LapwingVanellus crassirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
132Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
133Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
134White-headed LapwingVanellus albicepsSNPX
135Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubrisGRU,SNPUC
136Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterusGRU,NDU,SNPC
137Crowned LapwingVanellus coronatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
138Wattled LapwingVanellus senegallusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
139Brown-chested LapwingVanellus superciliosusSNPR
140Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusSNPR
141Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusGRU,SNP,SSNP?
142Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
143Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
144Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusSNPR
145Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollarisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
146White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusGRU,SNPVR
147Chestnut-banded PloverCharadrius pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

148Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

149African JacanaActophilornis africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

150WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusGRU,SNP?
151Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataSNPR
152Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaSNPR
153Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresSNPR
154RuffCalidris pugnaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
155Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
156Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
157SanderlingCalidris albaSNPR
158Little StintCalidris minutaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
159Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusSNPR
160Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusGRU,SNPUC
161Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
162African SnipeGallinago nigripennisSNPUC
163Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
164Green SandpiperTringa ochropusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
165Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusGRU,SNPUC
166Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
167Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
168Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
169Common RedshankTringa totanusSNPR

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

170Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
171Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
172Three-banded CourserRhinoptilus cinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
173Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaNDU,SNP?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

174Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
175Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
176Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
177Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
178White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
179Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaGRU,SNPR
180African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisGRU,SNPR

 
Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

181Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusNDU,SNPFC
182Yellow-throated SandgrousePterocles gutturalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
183Black-faced SandgrousePterocles decoratusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

184Rock PigeonColumba liviaGRU,SNP?
185Speckled PigeonColumba guineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
186Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
187Mourning Collared-DoveStreptopelia decipiensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
188Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
189Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
190Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
191Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
192Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistriaSNPR
193Namaqua DoveOena capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
194African Green-PigeonTreron calvusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

195Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowiSNPFC
196Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiSNPR
197Ross's TuracoMusophaga rossaeSNPUC
198Bare-faced Go-away-birdCorythaixoides personatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
199White-bellied Go-away-birdCorythaixoides leucogasterSNPR
200Eastern Plantain-eaterCrinifer zonurusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

201Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitariusGRU,SNPUC
202Black CuckooCuculus clamosusSNPR
203Common CuckooCuculus canorusSNPUC
204African CuckooCuculus gularisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
205Black CoucalCentropus grilliiNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
206White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
207Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
208Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantiiGRU,SNPR
209Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusNDU,SNPFC
210Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaasGRU,NDU,SNPUC
211African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreusSNPUC
212Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx capriusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

213Barn OwlTyto albaNDU,SNPUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

214African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensisSNPFC
215Southern White-faced OwlPtilopsis grantiSNPR
216Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanusSNPFC
217Verreaux's Eagle-OwlBubo lacteusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
218Pearl-spotted OwletGlaucidium perlatumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
219African Barred OwletGlaucidium capenseSNPR
220African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordiiSNPR
221Marsh OwlAsio capensisSNPFC

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

222Pennant-winged NightjarCaprimulgus vexillariusSNPR
223Sombre NightjarCaprimulgus fraenatusSNPFC
224Freckled NightjarCaprimulgus tristigmaSNPR
225Slender-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus clarusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
226Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossiiSNPUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

227Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusSNPR
228Alpine SwiftApus melbaSNPR
229Mottled SwiftApus aequatorialisNDU,SNPUC
230Common SwiftApus apusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
231Nyanza SwiftApus niansaeSNPR
232African SwiftApus barbatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
233Little SwiftApus affinisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
234Horus SwiftApus horusNDU,SNPFC
235White-rumped SwiftApus cafferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
236African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

237Speckled MousebirdColius striatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
238Blue-naped MousebirdUrocolius macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

239Narina TrogonApaloderma narinaSNPUC

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

240Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsGRU,SNP?
241African Hoopoe**Upupa africanaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

242Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureusGRU,NDU,SNPC
243Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelasSNPUC
244Abyssinian ScimitarbillRhinopomastus minorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

245Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriGRU,SNPFC
246Crowned HornbillLophoceros alboterminatusSNPUC
247African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
248Northern Red-billed HornbillTockus erythrorhynchusGRU,SNPFC
249Tanzanian Red-billed HornbillTockus ruahaeSNP?
250Von der Decken's HornbillTockus deckeniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
251Black-and-white-casqued HornbillBycanistes subcylindricaSNPUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

252Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
253African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina pictaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
254Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephalaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
255Woodland KingfisherHalcyon senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
256Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventrisSNPR
257Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicutiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
258Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaSNPR
259Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisGRU,SNPUC

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

260Little Bee-eaterMerops pusillusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
261Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesNSNP,SNPR
262Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineusSNPR
263White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
264Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusGRU,SNPUC
265Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosusSNPR
266European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

267European RollerCoracias garrulusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
268Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
269Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naeviusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
270Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurusSNPR

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

271Red-and-yellow BarbetTrachyphonus erythrocephalusSNP?
272D'Arnaud's BarbetTrachyphonus darnaudiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
273Usambiro Barbet**Trachyphonus usambiroNDU,SNP?
274Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusSNPUC
275Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillusGRU,NDU,SNP?
276Red-fronted BarbetTricholaema diademataNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
277Spot-flanked BarbetTricholaema lacrymosaNDU,SNPUC
278White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalusNDU,SNPFC
279Double-toothed BarbetLybius bidentatusSNPR

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

280Wahlberg's HoneyguideProdotiscus regulusSNPR
281Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minorSNPR
282Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatusSNPR
283Greater HoneyguideIndicator indicatorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

284Nubian WoodpeckerCampethera nubicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
285Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoniSNPR
286Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiSNPR
287Cardinal WoodpeckerDendropicos fuscescensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
288Bearded WoodpeckerDendropicos namaquusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
289African Gray WoodpeckerDendropicos goertaeGRU,NSNP,SNP?
290Mountain Gray WoodpeckerDendropicos spodocephalusNDU,SNP,SSNP?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

291Pygmy FalconPolihierax semitorquatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
292Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
293Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
294Greater KestrelFalco rupicoloidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
295Gray KestrelFalco ardosiaceusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
296Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoniSNPR
297Red-necked FalconFalco chicqueraNDU,SNPR
298Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusSNPR
299Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeSNPR
300Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoSNPR
301African HobbyFalco cuvieriiSNPR
302Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
303Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSNPR

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

304Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

305Red-fronted ParrotPoicephalus gulielmiNSNP?
306Meyer's ParrotPoicephalus meyeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
307Red-bellied ParrotPoicephalus rufiventrisSNP?

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

308Brown-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira cyaneaGRU,SNPUC
309Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltataSNPUC
310Chinspot BatisBatis molitorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
311Black-headed BatisBatis minorSNPR

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

312White HelmetshrikePrionops plumatusSNPR
313Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

314BrubruNilaus aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
315Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cublaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
316Marsh TchagraTchagra minutusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
317Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalusGRU,SNPUC
318Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
319Tropical BoubouLaniarius majorGRU,SNPUC
320Black-headed GonolekLaniarius erythrogasterGRU,SNPUC
321Slate-colored BoubouLaniarius funebrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
322Sulphur-breasted BushshrikeTelophorus sulfureopectusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
323Gray-headed BushshrikeMalaconotus blanchotiGRU,SNPR

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

324Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesiaSNPR
325Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flavaSNPUC
326Purple-throated CuckooshrikeCampephaga quiscalinaSNPR

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

327Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioGRU,NDU,SNPUC
328Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
329Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorSNPUC
330Gray-backed FiscalLanius excubitoroidesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
331Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiSNP?
332Taita FiscalLanius dorsalisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
333Northern FiscalLanius humeralisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
334Magpie ShrikeCorvinella melanoleucaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
335White-rumped ShrikeEurocephalus ruppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

336Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusSNPR
337African Golden OrioleOriolus auratusSNPUC
338African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatusGRU,SNPUC

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

339Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigiiSNPFC
340Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

341African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

342Cape CrowCorvus capensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
343Pied CrowCorvus albusGRU,SNPR
344White-necked RavenCorvus albicollisNDU,SNPUC

 
Larks: Alaudidae

345Chestnut-backed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucotisSNPR
346Fischer's Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucopareiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
347Foxy LarkCalendulauda alopexNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
348Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillansSNPC
349White-tailed LarkMirafra albicaudaSNPUC
350Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africanaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
351Flappet LarkMirafra rufocinnamomeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
352Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinereaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
353Short-tailed LarkPseudalaemon fremantliiSNPUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

354Plain MartinRiparia paludicolaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
355Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaSNPR
356Banded MartinRiparia cinctaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
357Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
358Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
359Angola SwallowHirundo angolensisGRU,SNPR
360Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
361Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
362Lesser Striped-SwallowCecropis abyssinicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
363Rufous-chested SwallowCecropis semirufaNSNP,SNPR
364Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
365Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumNDU,SNPR
366White-headed SawwingPsalidoprocne albicepsGRU,SNPUC
367Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristopteraGRU,SNPR
368Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopygaNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

369White-bellied TitMelaniparus albiventrisSNPUC
370Red-throated TitMelaniparus fringillinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Penduline-Tits: Remizidae

371African Penduline-TitAnthoscopus caroliSNPR

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

372Gray-olive GreenbulPhyllastrephus cerviniventrisSNPR
373Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

374Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
375Moustached Grass-WarblerMelocichla mentalisSNPR

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

376Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
377Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixSNPR

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

378Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
379Mountain Yellow-WarblerIduna similisSNP?
380Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
381Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
382Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusGRU,SNP?
383African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
384Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostrisSNPR
385Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusGRU,SNPR

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

386Fan-tailed GrassbirdSchoenicola brevirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

387Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavidaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
388Karamoja ApalisApalis karamojaeNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
389Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
390Miombo Wren-WarblerCalamonastes undosusNDU,SNP?
391Singing CisticolaCisticola cantansSNPUC
392Rock-loving CisticolaCisticola aberransSNPUC
393Rattling CisticolaCisticola chinianaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
394Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
395Croaking CisticolaCisticola natalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
396Tabora CisticolaCisticola angusticaudaNDU,SNPR
397Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
398Desert CisticolaCisticola aridulusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
399Pectoral-patch CisticolaCisticola brunnescensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
400Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
401Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchellaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
402Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflavaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
403Yellow-bellied EremomelaEremomela icteropygialisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
404Greencap EremomelaEremomela scotopsSNPR

 
Sylviid Warblers: Sylviidae

405Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapillaSNPR
406Garden WarblerSylvia borinSNPUC
407Banded WarblerSylvia boehmiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
408Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

409African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisNDU,SNPUC

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

410Rufous ChattererTurdoides rubiginosaSNPR
411Black-lored BabblerTurdoides sharpeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
412Arrow-marked BabblerTurdoides jardineiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

413Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
414Swamp FlycatcherMuscicapa aquaticaGRU,SNPR
415Grayish FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
416Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
417Ashy FlycatcherFraseria caerulescensSNPFC
418SilverbirdMelaenornis semipartitusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
419Northern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis edolioidesSNPR
420Southern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis pammelainaSNPUC
421Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrysNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
422White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heugliniNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
423Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensisSNPR
424Spotted Morning-ThrushCichladusa guttataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
425White-throated RobinIrania gutturalisSNPR
426Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
427Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereusNSNP,SNPR
428Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisNDU,SNPFC
429WhinchatSaxicola rubetraSNPR
430Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
431Sooty ChatMyrmecocichla nigraNDU,SNPFC
432Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventrisNDU,SNPFC
433Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
434Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubrisGRU,SNP?
435Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaNDU,SNPUC
436Capped WheatearOenanthe pileataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
437Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

438Kurrichane ThrushTurdus libonyanaSNP,SSNP?

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

439Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
440Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogasterNDU,SNPUC
441Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morioNDU,SNPUC
442Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleriSNPR
443Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
444Rueppell's StarlingLamprotornis purpuropteraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
445Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
446Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeusSNPFC

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

447Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorhynchusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
448Yellow-billed OxpeckerBuphagus africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

449Kenya Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes orientalisSNPR
450Collared SunbirdHedydipna collarisGRU,SNPUC
451Green-headed SunbirdCyanomitra verticalisSNPR
452Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystinaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
453Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
454Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
455Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowiSNPFC
456Beautiful SunbirdCinnyris pulchellusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
457Mariqua SunbirdCinnyris mariquensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
458Red-chested SunbirdCinnyris erythrocercusGRU,SNPUC
459Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatusSNPUC
460Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

461Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaGRU,SNPFC
462African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
463African PipitAnthus cinnamomeusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
464Long-billed PipitAnthus similisNDU,SNPR
465Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisSNPR
466Plain-backed PipitAnthus leucophrysGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
467Tree PipitAnthus trivialisNDU,SNPR
468Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusSNPR
469Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
470Pangani LongclawMacronyx aurantiigulaNDU,SNP?
471Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliaeNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

472Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisiSNPUC
473Golden-breasted BuntingEmberiza flaviventrisNDU,SNPUC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

474Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
475Reichenow's SeedeaterCrithagra reichenowiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
476White-bellied CanaryCrithagra dorsostriatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
477Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchananiSNP?
478Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphuratusSNPUC
479Streaky SeedeaterCrithagra striolatusSNPR

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

480House SparrowPasser domesticusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
481Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
482Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
483Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
484Chestnut SparrowPasser eminibeyGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
485Yellow-spotted PetroniaPetronia pyrgitaNDU,SNPUC

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

486Red-billed Buffalo-WeaverBubalornis nigerGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
487White-headed Buffalo-WeaverDinemellia dinemelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
488Speckle-fronted WeaverSporopipes frontalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
489White-browed Sparrow-WeaverPlocepasser mahaliSNPR
490Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficaudaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
491Gray-headed Social-WeaverPseudonigrita arnaudiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
492Red-headed WeaverAnaplectes rubricepsGRU,SNPFC
493Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafechtGRU,SNP?
494Little WeaverPloceus luteolusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
495Black-necked WeaverPloceus nigricollisGRU,SNPR
496Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
497Holub's Golden-WeaverPloceus xanthopsSNPUC
498Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermediusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
499Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
500Speke's WeaverPloceus spekeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
501Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
502Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
503Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
504Chestnut WeaverPloceus rubiginosusSNPUC
505Cardinal QueleaQuelea cardinalisNDU,SNPFC
506Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythropsSNPR
507Red-billed QueleaQuelea queleaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
508Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixGRU,NDU,SNPUC
509Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
510Black BishopEuplectes gierowiiSNPR
511Yellow BishopEuplectes capensisGRU,SNPUC
512White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
513Yellow-mantled WidowbirdEuplectes macrouraSNPC
514Red-collared WidowbirdEuplectes ardensSNP?
515Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillarisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
516Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoniSNPC
517Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifronsGRU,SNPR

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

518Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartiniaSNPR
519Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaSNPUC
520Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildSNPUC
521Black-faced WaxbillEstrilda erythronotosGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
522Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
523Blue-capped CordonbleuUraeginthus cyanocephalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
524Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
525Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melbaGRU,SNPFC
526Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
527African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricataNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
528Jameson's FirefinchLagonosticta rhodopareiaSNPR
529Cut-throatAmadina fasciataGRU,SNPUC
530Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavusSNPR
531African QuailfinchOrtygospiza fuscocrissaNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
532Gray-headed SilverbillOdontospiza griseicapillaSNPFC
533Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
534Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolorSNPR
535African SilverbillEuodice cantansNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

536Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macrouraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
537Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
538Steel-blue WhydahVidua hypocherinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
539Straw-tailed WhydahVidua fischeriNDU,SNPUC
540Village IndigobirdVidua chalybeataGRU,SNP?
541Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbisSNPR

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

GRUSerengeti-Grumeti Area
NDUNdutu Area
NSNPNorthern Serengeti Plains
SSNPSouthern Serengeti Plains