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DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):14,763
Altitude ():m
# Species*:542
# Excl Vagrants*:541
# Endemics*:3
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 SqKm*:3.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Grassland, woodland, wetlands, lakes, kopjes

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataGRU,SNPUC
3Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorSNPR
4Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotosGRU,SNPUC
5Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
6Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisSNPR
7African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritusSNPR
8GarganeySpatula querquedulaSNPR
9Hottentot TealSpatula hottentotaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
10Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeataNSNP,SNPC
11Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeNSNP,SNPR
12African Black DuckAnas sparsaSNPR
13Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulataSNPR
14Cape TealAnas capensisNDU,SNPC
15Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhynchaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
16Northern PintailAnas acutaNSNP,SNPR
17Eurasian TealAnas creccaSNPR
18Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalmaSNPUC
19Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoaSNPUC

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

20Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
21Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucheraniSNPR

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

22Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorgueiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
23Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatusNSNP,SNPR
24Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandtiSNPUC
25Yellow-necked FrancolinPternistis leucoscepusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
26Gray-breasted FrancolinPternistis rufopictusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
27Red-necked FrancolinPternistis aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
28Crested FrancolinDendroperdix sephaenaSNPR
29Coqui FrancolinPeliperdix coquiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
30Red-winged FrancolinScleroptera levaillantiiNSNP,SNPR
31Shelley's FrancolinScleroptera shelleyiNSNP,SNPR

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

32Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
33Lesser FlamingoPhoenicoparrus minorNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

34Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisGRU,NDU,SNPFC
35Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatusSNPR
36Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

37Rock PigeonColumba liviaGRU,SNP?
38Speckled PigeonColumba guineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
39Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
40Mourning Collared-DoveStreptopelia decipiensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
41Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
42Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
43Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
44Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
45Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistriaSNPR
46Namaqua DoveOena capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
47African Green-PigeonTreron calvusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Bustards: Otididae

48Kori BustardArdeotis koriNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

49Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusNDU,SNPFC
50Yellow-throated SandgrousePterocles gutturalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
51Black-faced SandgrousePterocles decoratusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Bustards: Otididae

52Denham's BustardNeotis denhamiSNPR
53White-bellied BustardEupodotis senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
54Buff-crested BustardEupodotis gindianaSNPR
55Black-bellied BustardLissotis melanogasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
56Hartlaub's BustardLissotis hartlaubiiSNPUC

 
Turacos: Musophagidae

57Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowiSNPFC
58Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiSNPR
59Ross's TuracoMusophaga rossaeSNPUC
60Bare-faced Go-away-birdCorythaixoides personatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
61White-bellied Go-away-birdCorythaixoides leucogasterSNPR
62Eastern Plantain-eaterCrinifer zonurusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

63Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitariusGRU,SNPUC
64Black CuckooCuculus clamosusSNPR
65Common CuckooCuculus canorusSNPUC
66African CuckooCuculus gularisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
67Black CoucalCentropus grilliiNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
68White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
69Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
70Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantiiGRU,SNPR
71Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusNDU,SNPFC
72Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaasGRU,NDU,SNPUC
73African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreusSNPUC
74Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx capriusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

75Pennant-winged NightjarCaprimulgus vexillariusSNPR
76Sombre NightjarCaprimulgus fraenatusSNPFC
77Freckled NightjarCaprimulgus tristigmaSNPR
78Slender-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus clarusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
79Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossiiSNPUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

80Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusSNPR
81Alpine SwiftApus melbaSNPR
82Mottled SwiftApus aequatorialisNDU,SNPUC
83Common SwiftApus apusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
84Nyanza SwiftApus niansaeSNPR
85African SwiftApus barbatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
86Little SwiftApus affinisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
87Horus SwiftApus horusNDU,SNPFC
88White-rumped SwiftApus cafferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
89African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

90African CrakeCrex egregiaSNPR
91Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataSNPR
92Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
93Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataSNPUC
94Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniSNPR
95African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensisSNPR
96Black CrakeZapornia flavirostraGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Cranes: Gruidae

97Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

98Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatusGRU,SNP?
99Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

100Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
101Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

102Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaSNPR
103Long-toed LapwingVanellus crassirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
104Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
105Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
106White-headed LapwingVanellus albicepsSNPX
107Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubrisGRU,SNPUC
108Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterusGRU,NDU,SNPC
109Crowned LapwingVanellus coronatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
110Wattled LapwingVanellus senegallusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
111Brown-chested LapwingVanellus superciliosusSNPR
112Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusSNPR
113Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusGRU,SNP,SSNP?
114Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
115Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
116Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusSNPR
117Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollarisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
118White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusGRU,SNPVR
119Chestnut-banded PloverCharadrius pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

120Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

121African JacanaActophilornis africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

122WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusGRU,SNP?
123Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataSNPR
124Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaSNPR
125Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresSNPR
126RuffCalidris pugnaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
127Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
128Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
129SanderlingCalidris albaSNPR
130Little StintCalidris minutaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
131Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusSNPR
132Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusGRU,SNPUC
133Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
134African SnipeGallinago nigripennisSNPUC
135Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
136Green SandpiperTringa ochropusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
137Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusGRU,SNPUC
138Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
139Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
140Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
141Common RedshankTringa totanusSNPR

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

142Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
143Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
144Three-banded CourserRhinoptilus cinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
145Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaNDU,SNP?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

146Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
147Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
148Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
149Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
150White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
151Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaGRU,SNPR
152African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisGRU,SNPR

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

153African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerusGRU,SNPUC
154Black StorkCiconia nigraSNPR
155Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimiiGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
156Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusGRU,SNPFC
157White StorkCiconia ciconiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
158Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
159Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
160Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisGRU,NDU,SNPFC

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

161African DarterAnhinga rufaSNPR

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

162Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
163Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboGRU,SNP,SSNP?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

164Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusNDU,SNPUC
165Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensSNPR

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

166HamerkopScopus umbrettaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

167Little BitternIxobrychus minutusSNPR
168Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmiiSNPR
169Gray HeronArdea cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
170Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
171Goliath HeronArdea goliathGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
172Purple HeronArdea purpureaSNPR
173Great EgretArdea albaGRU,SNP?
174Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaSNPR
175Little EgretEgretta garzettaGRU,NDU,SNP?
176Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaSNPR
177Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
178Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesGRU,NDU,SNPUC
179Striated HeronButorides striataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
180Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

181Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
182African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
183Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedashGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
184African SpoonbillPlatalea albaSNPR

 
Secretary-bird: Sagittariidae

185SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentariusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

186OspreyPandion haliaetusGRU,SNPR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

187Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
188African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typusNDU,SNPUC
189Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusNSNP,SNPR
190Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusSNPUC
191African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
192White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
193Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
194Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
195White-backed VultureGyps africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
196Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
197BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
198Black-chested Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
199Brown Snake-EagleCircaetus cinereusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
200Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusSNPR
201Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusSNPR
202Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
203Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
204Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaSNPR
205Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
206Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiSNPR
207Tawny EagleAquila rapaxGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
208Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
209Imperial EagleAquila heliacaNSNP,SNPR
210Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
211African Hawk-EagleAquila spilogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
212Lizard BuzzardKaupifalco monogrammicusSNPR
213Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabatesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
214Eastern Chanting-GoshawkMelierax poliopterusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
215Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabarGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
216Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
217African Marsh-HarrierCircus ranivorusGRU,SNPR
218Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
219Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
220ShikraAccipiter badiusSNPR
221Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusSNPR
222Ovambo SparrowhawkAccipiter ovampensisSNPR
223Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucusSNPR
224/Black Kite/Milvus migransGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
225Yellow-billed Kite**Milvus aegyptiusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
226African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vociferGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
227Common BuzzardButeo buteoGRU,SNPUC
228Augur BuzzardButeo augurGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

229Barn OwlTyto albaNDU,SNPUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

230African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensisSNPFC
231Southern White-faced OwlPtilopsis grantiSNPR
232Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanusSNPFC
233Verreaux's Eagle-OwlBubo lacteusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
234Pearl-spotted OwletGlaucidium perlatumGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
235African Barred OwletGlaucidium capenseSNPR
236African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordiiSNPR
237Marsh OwlAsio capensisSNPFC

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

238Speckled MousebirdColius striatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
239Blue-naped MousebirdUrocolius macrourusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

240Narina TrogonApaloderma narinaSNPUC

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

241Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsGRU,SNP?
242African Hoopoe**Upupa africanaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

243Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureusGRU,NDU,SNPC
244Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelasSNPUC
245Abyssinian ScimitarbillRhinopomastus minorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

246Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriGRU,SNPFC
247Crowned HornbillLophoceros alboterminatusSNPUC
248African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
249Northern Red-billed HornbillTockus erythrorhynchusGRU,SNPFC
250Tanzanian Red-billed HornbillTockus ruahaeSNP?
251Von der Decken's HornbillTockus deckeniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
252Black-and-white-casqued HornbillBycanistes subcylindricaSNPUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

253Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
254African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina pictaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
255Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephalaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
256Woodland KingfisherHalcyon senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
257Brown-hooded KingfisherHalcyon albiventrisSNPR
258Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicutiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
259Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaSNPR
260Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisGRU,SNPUC

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

261Little Bee-eaterMerops pusillusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
262Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesNSNP,SNPR
263Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineusSNPR
264White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
265Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusGRU,SNPUC
266Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosusSNPR
267European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

268European RollerCoracias garrulusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
269Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
270Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naeviusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
271Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurusSNPR

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

272Red-and-yellow BarbetTrachyphonus erythrocephalusSNP?
273D'Arnaud's BarbetTrachyphonus darnaudiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
274Usambiro Barbet**Trachyphonus usambiroNDU,SNP?
275Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusSNPUC
276Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillusGRU,NDU,SNP?
277Red-fronted BarbetTricholaema diademataNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
278Spot-flanked BarbetTricholaema lacrymosaNDU,SNPUC
279White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalusNDU,SNPFC
280Double-toothed BarbetLybius bidentatusSNPR

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

281Wahlberg's HoneyguideProdotiscus regulusSNPR
282Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minorSNPR
283Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatusSNPR
284Greater HoneyguideIndicator indicatorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

285Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescensGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
286Bearded WoodpeckerChloropicus namaquusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
287African Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus goertaeGRU,NSNP,SNP?
288Mountain Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus spodocephalusNDU,SNP,SSNP?
289Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiSNPR
290Nubian WoodpeckerCampethera nubicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
291Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoniSNPR

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

292Pygmy FalconPolihierax semitorquatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
293Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
294Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
295Greater KestrelFalco rupicoloidesNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
296Gray KestrelFalco ardosiaceusGRU,NDU,SNPUC
297Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoniSNPR
298Red-necked FalconFalco chicqueraNDU,SNPR
299Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusSNPR
300Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeSNPR
301Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoSNPR
302African HobbyFalco cuvieriiSNPR
303Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
304Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSNPR

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

305Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

306Red-fronted ParrotPoicephalus gulielmiNSNP?
307Meyer's ParrotPoicephalus meyeriGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
308Red-bellied ParrotPoicephalus rufiventrisSNP?

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

309Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesiaSNPR
310Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flavaSNPUC
311Purple-throated CuckooshrikeCampephaga quiscalinaSNPR

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

312Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusSNPR
313African Golden OrioleOriolus auratusSNPUC
314African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatusGRU,SNPUC

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

315Brown-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira cyaneaGRU,SNPUC
316Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltataSNPUC
317Chinspot BatisBatis molitorGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
318Western Black-headed BatisBatis erlangeriSNPR

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

319White HelmetshrikePrionops plumatusSNPR
320Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

321BrubruNilaus aferNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
322Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cublaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
323Marsh TchagraTchagra minutusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
324Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalusGRU,SNPUC
325Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
326Tropical BoubouLaniarius majorGRU,SNPUC
327Black-headed GonolekLaniarius erythrogasterGRU,SNPUC
328Slate-colored BoubouLaniarius funebrisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
329Sulphur-breasted BushshrikeTelophorus sulfureopectusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
330Gray-headed BushshrikeMalaconotus blanchotiGRU,SNPR

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

331Common Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigiiSNPFC
332Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

333African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

334Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioGRU,NDU,SNPUC
335Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
336Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorSNPUC
337Gray-backed FiscalLanius excubitoroidesGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
338Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiSNP?
339Taita FiscalLanius dorsalisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
340Northern FiscalLanius humeralisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
341Magpie ShrikeCorvinella melanoleucaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
342White-rumped ShrikeEurocephalus ruppelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

343Cape CrowCorvus capensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
344Pied CrowCorvus albusGRU,SNPR
345White-necked RavenCorvus albicollisNDU,SNPUC

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

346White-bellied TitMelaniparus albiventrisSNPUC
347Red-throated TitMelaniparus fringillinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Penduline-Tits: Remizidae

348African Penduline-TitAnthoscopus caroliSNPR

 
Larks: Alaudidae

349Chestnut-backed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucotisSNPR
350Fischer's Sparrow-LarkEremopterix leucopareiaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
351Foxy LarkCalendulauda alopexNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
352Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillansSNPC
353White-tailed LarkMirafra albicaudaSNPUC
354Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africanaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
355Flappet LarkMirafra rufocinnamomeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
356Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinereaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
357Short-tailed LarkPseudalaemon fremantliiSNPUC

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

358Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
359Moustached Grass-WarblerMelocichla mentalisSNPR

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

360Yellow-bellied EremomelaEremomela icteropygialisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
361Greencap EremomelaEremomela scotopsSNPR
362Miombo Wren-WarblerCalamonastes undosusNDU,SNP?
363Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
364Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchellaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
365Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavidaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
366Karamoja ApalisApalis karamojaeNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
367Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflavaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
368Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
369Singing CisticolaCisticola cantansSNPUC
370Rock-loving CisticolaCisticola aberransSNPUC
371Rattling CisticolaCisticola chinianaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
372Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
373Croaking CisticolaCisticola natalensisNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
374Tabora CisticolaCisticola angusticaudaNDU,SNPR
375Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
376Desert CisticolaCisticola aridulusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
377Pectoral-patch CisticolaCisticola brunnescensNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

378Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
379Mountain Yellow-WarblerIduna similisSNP?
380Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
381Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
382Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusGRU,SNP?
383African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
384Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostrisSNPR
385Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusGRU,SNPR

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

386Fan-tailed GrassbirdSchoenicola brevirostrisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

387Plain MartinRiparia paludicolaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
388Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaSNPR
389Banded MartinRiparia cinctaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
390Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
391Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
392Angola SwallowHirundo angolensisGRU,SNPR
393Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
394Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
395Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinicaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
396Rufous-chested SwallowCecropis semirufaNSNP,SNPR
397Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
398Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumNDU,SNPR
399White-headed SawwingPsalidoprocne albicepsGRU,SNPUC
400Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristopteraGRU,SNPR
401Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopygaNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

402Gray-olive GreenbulPhyllastrephus cerviniventrisSNPR
403Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

404Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixSNPR
405Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

406Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapillaSNPR
407Garden WarblerSylvia borinSNPUC
408Banded ParisomaSylvia boehmiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
409Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

410African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisNDU,SNPUC

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

411Rufous ChattererTurdoides rubiginosaSNPR
412Black-lored BabblerTurdoides sharpeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
413Arrow-marked BabblerTurdoides jardineiiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

414Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorynchusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
415Yellow-billed OxpeckerBuphagus africanusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

416Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
417Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogasterNDU,SNPUC
418Red-winged StarlingOnychognathus morioNDU,SNPUC
419Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleriSNPR
420Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
421Rueppell's StarlingLamprotornis purpuropteraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
422Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
423Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeusSNPFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

424Kurrichane ThrushTurdus libonyanaSNP,SSNP?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

425Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
426Swamp FlycatcherMuscicapa aquaticaGRU,SNPR
427African Gray FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
428Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
429Ashy FlycatcherFraseria caerulescensSNPFC
430SilverbirdMelaenornis semipartitusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
431Northern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis edolioidesSNPR
432Southern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis pammelainaSNPUC
433Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrysNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
434White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heugliniNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
435Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensisSNPR
436Spotted Morning-ThrushCichladusa guttataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
437White-throated RobinIrania gutturalisSNPR
438Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
439Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereusNSNP,SNPR
440Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisNDU,SNPFC
441WhinchatSaxicola rubetraSNPR
442Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventrisNDU,SNPFC
443Sooty ChatMyrmecocichla nigraNDU,SNPFC
444Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
445Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
446Capped WheatearOenanthe pileataGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
447Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
448Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaNDU,SNPUC
449Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubrisGRU,SNP?

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

450Eastern Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes orientalisSNPR
451Collared SunbirdHedydipna collarisGRU,SNPUC
452Green-headed SunbirdCyanomitra verticalisSNPR
453Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystinaGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
454Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
455Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
456Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowiSNPFC
457Beautiful SunbirdCinnyris pulchellusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
458Mariqua SunbirdCinnyris mariquensisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
459Red-chested SunbirdCinnyris erythrocercusGRU,SNPUC
460Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatusSNPUC
461Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

462Red-billed Buffalo-WeaverBubalornis nigerGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
463White-headed Buffalo-WeaverDinemellia dinemelliGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
464Speckle-fronted WeaverSporopipes frontalisGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
465White-browed Sparrow-WeaverPlocepasser mahaliSNPR
466Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficaudaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
467Gray-headed Social-WeaverPseudonigrita arnaudiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
468Red-headed WeaverAnaplectes rubricepsGRU,SNPFC
469Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafechtGRU,SNP?
470Little WeaverPloceus luteolusNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
471Black-necked WeaverPloceus nigricollisGRU,SNPR
472Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
473Holub's Golden-WeaverPloceus xanthopsSNPUC
474Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermediusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
475Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
476Speke's WeaverPloceus spekeiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
477Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
478Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
479Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
480Chestnut WeaverPloceus rubiginosusSNPUC
481Cardinal QueleaQuelea cardinalisNDU,SNPFC
482Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythropsSNPR
483Red-billed QueleaQuelea queleaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
484Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixGRU,NDU,SNPUC
485Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
486Black BishopEuplectes gierowiiSNPR
487Yellow BishopEuplectes capensisGRU,SNPUC
488White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
489Yellow-mantled WidowbirdEuplectes macrouraSNPC
490Red-collared WidowbirdEuplectes ardensSNP?
491Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillarisGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
492Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoniSNPC
493Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifronsGRU,SNPR

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

494Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartiniaSNPR
495Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaSNPUC
496Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildSNPUC
497Black-faced WaxbillEstrilda erythronotosGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
498Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
499Blue-capped CordonbleuUraeginthus cyanocephalusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
500Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogasterNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
501Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melbaGRU,SNPFC
502Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegalaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
503African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricataNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
504Jameson's FirefinchLagonosticta rhodopareiaSNPR
505Cut-throatAmadina fasciataGRU,SNPUC
506Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavusSNPR
507QuailfinchOrtygospiza atricollisNSNP,SNP,SSNP?
508Gray-headed SilverbillOdontospiza griseicapillaSNPFC
509Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
510Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolorSNPR
511African SilverbillEuodice cantansNSNP,SNP,SSNP?

 
Indigobirds: Viduidae

512Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macrouraGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
513Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
514Steel-blue WhydahVidua hypocherinaGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
515Straw-tailed WhydahVidua fischeriNDU,SNPUC
516Village IndigobirdVidua chalybeataGRU,SNP?
517Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbisSNPR

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

518House SparrowPasser domesticusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
519Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
520Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseusGRU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
521Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
522Chestnut SparrowPasser eminibeyGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
523Yellow-spotted Bush SparrowGymnornis pyrgitaNDU,SNPUC

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

524Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaGRU,SNPFC
525African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
526African PipitAnthus cinnamomeusNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?
527Long-billed PipitAnthus similisNDU,SNPR
528Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisSNPR
529Plain-backed PipitAnthus leucophrysGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
530Tree PipitAnthus trivialisNDU,SNPR
531Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusSNPR
532Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
533Pangani LongclawMacronyx aurantiigulaNDU,SNP?
534Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliaeNDU,NSNP,SNP
SSNP
?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

535Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
536Reichenow's SeedeaterCrithagra reichenowiGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
537White-bellied CanaryCrithagra dorsostriatusGRU,NDU,NSNP
SNP,SSNP
?
538Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchananiSNP?
539Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphuratusSNPUC
540Streaky SeedeaterCrithagra striolatusSNPR

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

541Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisiSNPUC
542Golden-breasted BuntingEmberiza flaviventrisNDU,SNPUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

GRUSerengeti-Grumeti Area
NDUNdutu Area
NSNPNorthern Serengeti Plains
SSNPSouthern Serengeti Plains