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DESCRIPTION

EAST USAMBARA MOUNTAINS

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):800-2440
# Species*:225
# Excl Vagrants*:224
# Endemics*:8
# Near Endemics*:13
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensRR 
2Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferRR 
3Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriRRNT
4Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiRR 
5Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheriLC 
6Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusRR 
7African SwiftApus barbatusRR 
8Little SwiftApus affinis V
9Olive IbisBostrychia olivaceaRR 
10BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus EN
11Fasciated Snake-EagleCircaetus fasciolatusRRNT
12Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus NT
13Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiRR 
14Tawny EagleAquila rapax V
15Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusLC 
16Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilus NT
17Sokoke Scops-OwlOtus ireneaeNEEN
18Usambara Eagle-OwlBubo vosseleriE 
19Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaLC 
20Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesRR 
21White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotisRR 
22Green BarbetStactolaema olivaceaRR 
23Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplexRR 
24Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiaeLC 
25Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilusRR 
26Mombasa WoodpeckerCampethera mombassicaRR 
27African BroadbillSmithornis capensisLC 
28Green-headed OrioleOriolus chlorocephalusRR 
29Short-tailed BatisBatis mixtaNE 
30Pale BatisBatis sororLC 
31Chestnut-fronted HelmetshrikePrionops scopifronsRR 
32Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcherBias musicusRR 
33Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteusNE 
34Usambara Drongo**Dicrurus sp.E 
35African Crested-FlycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelasRR 
36Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiRR 
37Usambara HyliotaHyliota usambaraEEN
38Eastern NicatorNicator gularisRR 
39Kretschmer's LongbillMacrosphenus kretschmeriRR 
40African TailorbirdArtisornis metopiasNE 
41Long-billed TailorbirdArtisornis moreauiNECR
42Coastal CisticolaCisticola haematocephalaRR 
43Shelley's GreenbulArizelocichla masukuensisRR 
44Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensisNE 
45Terrestrial BrownbulPhyllastrephus terrestrisRR 
46Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitansRR 
47Fischer's GreenbulPhyllastrephus fischeriRR 
48Yellow-streaked GreenbulPhyllastrephus flavostriatusRR 
49Yellow-throated Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus ruficapillaNE 
50Yellow FlycatcherErythrocercus holochlorusRR 
51Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotusE 
52Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennisRR 
53Scaly ChattererArgya aylmeriRR 
54Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpiiRR 
55Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenrickiNE 
56Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia coruscaRR 
57Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiNE 
58Red-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus rufusRR 
59Usambara ThrushTurdus roehliENT
60Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufaRR 
61Swynnerton's RobinSwynnertonia swynnertoniRRV
62White-chested AletheChamaetylas fuelleborniRR 
63Sharpe's AkalatSheppardia sharpeiRR 
64East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiLCNT
65Usambara AkalatSheppardia montanaEEN
66Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiRRNT
67Uluguru Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes neglectusRR 
68Banded SunbirdAnthreptes rubritorquesEV
69Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterNEEN
70Usambara Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris usambaricusNENT
71Usambara WeaverPloceus nicolliEEN
72Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloidesLC 
73Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidulaLC 
74Red-headed BluebillSpermophaga ruficapillaRR 
75Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatusLC 
76Spot-throatModulatrix stictigulaNE 
77Dapple-throatArcanator orostruthusNEV

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered