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DESCRIPTION

EAST USAMBARA MOUNTAINS

TANZANIA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):800-2440
# Species*:225
# Excl Vagrants*:224
# Endemics*:8
# Near Endemics*:13
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensRR 
2Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferRR 
3Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriRRNT
4Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiRR 
5Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheriLC 
6Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusRR 
7African SwiftApus barbatusRR 
8Olive IbisBostrychia olivaceaRR 
9BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus NT
10Fasciated Snake-EagleCircaetus fasciolatusRRNT
11Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus NT
12Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiRR 
13Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusLC 
14Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilus NT
15Sokoke Scops-OwlOtus ireneaeNEEN
16Usambara Eagle-OwlBubo vosseleriE 
17Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaLC 
18Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesRR 
19White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotisRR 
20Green BarbetStactolaema olivaceaRR 
21Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplexRR 
22Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiaeLC 
23Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilusRR 
24Mombasa WoodpeckerCampethera mombassicaRR 
25African BroadbillSmithornis capensisLC 
26Green-headed OrioleOriolus chlorocephalusRR 
27Short-tailed BatisBatis mixtaNE 
28Pale BatisBatis sororLC 
29Chestnut-fronted HelmetshrikePrionops scopifronsRR 
30Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcherBias musicusRR 
31Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteusNE 
32Usambara Drongo**Dicrurus sp.E 
33African Crested-FlycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelasRR 
34Long-tailed FiscalLanius cabanisiRR 
35Usambara HyliotaHyliota usambaraEEN
36Eastern NicatorNicator gularisRR 
37Kretschmer's LongbillMacrosphenus kretschmeriRR 
38African TailorbirdArtisornis metopiasNE 
39Long-billed TailorbirdArtisornis moreauiNECR
40Coastal CisticolaCisticola haematocephalaRR 
41Shelley's GreenbulArizelocichla masukuensisRR 
42Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensisNE 
43Terrestrial BrownbulPhyllastrephus terrestrisRR 
44Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitansRR 
45Fischer's GreenbulPhyllastrephus fischeriRR 
46Yellow-streaked GreenbulPhyllastrephus flavostriatusRR 
47Yellow-throated Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus ruficapillaNE 
48Yellow FlycatcherErythrocercus holochlorusRR 
49Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotusE 
50Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennisRR 
51Scaly ChattererTurdoides aylmeriRR 
52Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpiiRR 
53Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenrickiNE 
54Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia coruscaRR 
55Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiNE 
56Red-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus rufusRR 
57Usambara ThrushTurdus roehliE 
58Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufaRR 
59Swynnerton's RobinSwynnertonia swynnertoniRRV
60White-chested AletheChamaetylas fuelleborniRR 
61Sharpe's AkalatSheppardia sharpeiRR 
62East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiLCNT
63Usambara AkalatSheppardia montanaEEN
64Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiRRNT
65Uluguru Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes neglectusRR 
66Banded SunbirdAnthreptes rubritorquesEV
67Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterNEEN
68Usambara Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris usambaricusNE 
69Usambara WeaverPloceus nicolliEEN
70Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidulaLC 
71Red-headed BluebillSpermophaga ruficapillaRR 
72Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatusLC 
73Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloidesLC 
74Spot-throatModulatrix stictigulaNE 
75Dapple-throatArcanator orostruthusNEV

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered