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MINDANAO ISLAND

PHILIPPINES
LOCALE

# Species:369
# Excl Vagrants:369
# Endemics:115
# Near Endemics:6
Habitat: Lowland forest, montane forest, degraded forest, roadsides

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1Spotted Whistling-DuckDendrocygna guttata
2Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
3/Garganey/Spatula querquedula
4Philippine DuckAnas luzonica

 
Megapodes: Megapodiidae

5Tabon ScrubfowlMegapodius cumingii

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

6Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
7Red JunglefowlGallus gallus

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

8Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

9Rock PigeonColumba livia
10Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
11Island Collared-DoveStreptopelia bitorquata
12Philippine Collared-DoveStreptopelia dusumieri
13Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
14Philippine Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia tenuirostris
15Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
16Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica
17Mindanao Bleeding-heartGallicolumba crinigera
18Amethyst Brown-DovePhapitreron amethystinus
19Mindanao Brown-DovePhapitreron brunneiceps
20Pink-necked Green-PigeonTreron vernans
21Philippine Green-PigeonTreron axillaris
22Yellow-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus occipitalis
23Black-chinned Fruit-DovePtilinopus leclancheri
24Superb Fruit-DovePtilinopus superbus
25Black-naped Fruit-DovePtilinopus melanospilus
26Pink-bellied Imperial-PigeonDucula poliocephala
27Spotted Imperial-PigeonDucula carola
28Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aenea
29Pied Imperial-PigeonDucula bicolor

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

30/Indian Cuckoo/Cuculus micropterus
31/Himalayan Cuckoo/Cuculus saturatus
32Black-faced CoucalCentropus melanops
33Greater CoucalCentropus sinensis
34Philippine CoucalCentropus viridis
35Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
36/Chestnut-winged Cuckoo/Clamator coromandus
37Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
38Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
39Violet CuckooChrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
40Square-tailed Drongo-CuckooSurniculus lugubris
41Philippine Drongo-CuckooSurniculus velutinus
42/Large Hawk-Cuckoo/Hierococcyx sparverioides
43Philippine Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx pectoralis
44Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
45Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus

 
Frogmouths: Podargidae

46Philippine FrogmouthBatrachostomus septimus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

47Great Eared-NightjarLyncornis macrotis
48/Gray Nightjar/Caprimulgus jotaka
49Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
50Philippine NightjarCaprimulgus manillensis
51Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
Swifts: Apodidae

52Philippine NeedletailMearnsia picina
53Brown-backed NeedletailHirundapus giganteus
54Purple NeedletailHirundapus celebensis
55Ridgetop SwiftletCollocalia isonota
56Pygmy SwiftletCollocalia troglodytes
57Philippine SwiftletAerodramus mearnsi
58Whitehead's SwiftletAerodramus whiteheadi
59Ameline Swiftlet**Aerodramus amelis
60Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensis
61Mossy-nest SwiftletAerodramus salangana
62Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germani
63Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
64House SwiftApus nipalensis
65Asian Palm-SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis

 
Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

66Gray-rumped TreeswiftHemiprocne longipennis
67Whiskered TreeswiftHemiprocne comata

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

68Slaty-breasted RailLewinia striatus
69Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
70Barred RailGallirallus torquatus
71Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
72Philippine SwamphenPorphyrio pulverulentus
73WatercockGallicrex cinerea
74Plain Bush-henAmaurornis olivacea
75White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
76White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
77Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata
78Slaty-legged CrakeRallina eurizonoides
79Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

80Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

81/Black-winged Stilt/Himantopus himantopus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

82/Black-bellied Plover/Pluvialis squatarola
83/Pacific Golden-Plover/Pluvialis fulva
84/Lesser Sand-Plover/Charadrius mongolus
85/Greater Sand-Plover/Charadrius leschenaultii
86Malaysian PloverCharadrius peronii
87/Kentish Plover/Charadrius alexandrinus
88Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

89Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

90Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea
91Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgus

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

92/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
93/Far Eastern Curlew/Numenius madagascariensis
94/Eurasian Curlew/Numenius arquata
95/Bar-tailed Godwit/Limosa lapponica
96/Black-tailed Godwit/Limosa limosa
97/Ruddy Turnstone/Arenaria interpres
98/Great Knot/Calidris tenuirostris
99/Ruff/Calidris pugnax
100/Sharp-tailed Sandpiper/Calidris acuminata
101/Long-toed Stint/Calidris subminuta
102/Red-necked Stint/Calidris ruficollis
103/Sanderling/Calidris alba
104Bukidnon WoodcockScolopax bukidnonensis
105/Terek Sandpiper/Xenus cinereus
106/Common Snipe/Gallinago gallinago
107/Pin-tailed Snipe/Gallinago stenura
108/Swinhoe's Snipe/Gallinago megala
109/Red-necked Phalarope/Phalaropus lobatus
110/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
111/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus
112/Gray-tailed Tattler/Tringa brevipes
113/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
114/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
115/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola
116/Common Redshank/Tringa totanus

 
Buttonquail: Turnicidae

117Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

118Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

119#Pomarine Jaeger#Stercorarius pomarinus

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

120/Black-headed Gull/Chroicocephalus ridibundus
121Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostris
122Black NoddyAnous minutus
123Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
124Little TernSternula albifrons
125/Gull-billed Tern/Gelochelidon nilotica
126/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus
127/Whiskered Tern/Chlidonias hybrida
128Roseate TernSterna dougallii
129Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
130Common TernSterna hirundo
131Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
Tropicbirds: Phaethontidae

132Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

133Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
134#Streaked Shearwater#Calonectris leucomelas
135#Wedge-tailed Shearwater#Ardenna pacificus

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

136Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

137#Lesser Frigatebird#Fregata ariel
138Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsi
139#Great Frigatebird#Fregata minor

 
Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

140Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

141Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

142Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
143/Schrenck's Bittern/Ixobrychus eurhythmus
144Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
145Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
146/Gray Heron/Ardea cinerea
147Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
148Purple HeronArdea purpurea
149Great EgretArdea alba
150/Intermediate Egret/Ardea intermedia
151/Chinese Egret/Egretta eulophotes
152/Little Egret/Egretta garzetta
153Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
154Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
155Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
156Striated HeronButorides striata
157Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
158Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus
159/Japanese Night-Heron/Gorsachius goisagi
160Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophus

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

161Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

162/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

163Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
164Philippine Honey-buzzardPernis steerei
165Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
166Jerdon's BazaAviceda jerdoni
167Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
168Philippine Serpent-EagleSpilornis holospilus
169Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyi
170Changeable Hawk-EagleNisaetus limnaeetus
171Philippine Hawk-EagleNisaetus philippensis
172Pinsker's Hawk-EagleNisaetus pinskeri
173Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
174/Gray-faced Buzzard/Butastur indicus
175/Eastern Marsh-Harrier/Circus spilonotus
176Pied HarrierCircus melanoleucos
177Crested GoshawkAccipiter trivirgatus
178/Chinese Sparrowhawk/Accipiter soloensis
179/Japanese Sparrowhawk/Accipiter gularis
180BesraAccipiter virgatus
181Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
182White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster
183Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

184Australasian Grass-OwlTyto longimembris

 
Owls: Strigidae

185Giant Scops-OwlOtus gurneyi
186Everett's Scops-OwlOtus everetti
187Mindanao Scops-OwlOtus mirus
188Philippine Eagle-OwlBubo philippensis
189/Brown Boobook/Ninox scutulata
190Chocolate BoobookNinox randi
191Mindanao BoobookNinox spilocephala

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

192Philippine TrogonHarpactes ardens

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

193Rufous HornbillBuceros hydrocorax
194Writhed HornbillRhabdotorrhinus leucocephalus
195Mindanao HornbillPenelopides affinis

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

196/Common Kingfisher/Alcedo atthis
197Blue-eared KingfisherAlcedo meninting
198Southern Silvery-KingfisherCeyx argentatus
199Philippine Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx melanurus
200Dimorphic Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx margarethae
201Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensis
202Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
203White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
204Black-capped KingfisherHalcyon pileata
205Rufous-lored KingfisherTodiramphus winchelli
206Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
207Blue-capped KingfisherActenoides hombroni

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

208Blue-throated Bee-eaterMerops viridis
209Rufous-crowned Bee-eaterMerops americanus
210Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

211Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
Asian Barbets: Megalaimidae

212Coppersmith BarbetPsilopogon haemacephalus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

213Philippine WoodpeckerYungipicus maculatus
214Buff-spotted FlamebackChrysocolaptes lucidus
215Southern Sooty-WoodpeckerMulleripicus fuliginosus
216White-bellied WoodpeckerDryocopus javensis

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

217Philippine FalconetMicrohierax erythrogenys
218Oriental HobbyFalco severus
219Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

220Mindanao Racquet-tailPrioniturus waterstradti
221Blue-crowned Racquet-tailPrioniturus discurus
222Blue-naped ParrotTanygnathus lucionensis
223Azure-rumped ParrotTanygnathus sumatranus
224GuaiaberoBolbopsittacus lunulatus
225Mindanao LorikeetTrichoglossus johnstoniae
226Philippine Hanging-ParrotLoriculus philippensis

 
Asian and Grauer's Broadbills: Eurylaimidae

227Wattled BroadbillEurylaimus steerii

 
Pittas: Pittidae

228Blue-breasted PittaErythropitta erythrogaster
229Hooded PittaPitta sordida
230Azure-breasted PittaPitta steerii

 
Thornbills and Allies: Acanthizidae

231Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphurea

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

232Fiery MinivetPericrocotus igneus
233Scarlet MinivetPericrocotus speciosus
234/Ashy Minivet/Pericrocotus divaricatus
235Bar-bellied CuckooshrikeCoracina striata
236McGregor's CuckooshrikeMalindangia mcgregori
237Black-and-white TrillerLalage melanoleuca
238Pied TrillerLalage nigra
239Black-bibbed CuckooshrikeEdolisoma mindanense

 
Whistlers and Allies: Pachycephalidae

240Yellow-bellied WhistlerPachycephala philippinensis
241White-vented WhistlerPachycephala homeyeri

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

242Philippine OrioleOriolus steerii
243Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis

 
Woodswallows, Bellmagpies, and Allies: Artamidae

244White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus

 
Fantails: Rhipiduridae

245Black-and-cinnamon FantailRhipidura nigrocinnamomea
246Mindanao Blue-FantailRhipidura superciliaris
247Philippine Pied-FantailRhipidura nigritorquis

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

248Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottus

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

249Short-crested MonarchHypothymis helenae
250Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azurea
251Celestial MonarchHypothymis coelestis
252Rufous Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone cinnamomea

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

253Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinus
254/Brown Shrike/Lanius cristatus
255Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
256Gray-capped ShrikeLanius validirostris

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

257Slender-billed CrowCorvus enca
258Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

259Citrine Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa helianthea

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

260White-fronted TitSittiparus semilarvatus
261Elegant TitPeriparus elegans

 
Larks: Alaudidae

262Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica
263Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

264Mindanao Plumed-WarblerMicromacronus sordidus
265Rufous-fronted TailorbirdOrthotomus frontalis
266Ashy TailorbirdOrthotomus ruficeps
267Rufous-tailed TailorbirdOrthotomus sericeus
268White-browed TailorbirdOrthotomus nigriceps
269White-eared TailorbirdOrthotomus cinereiceps
270Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
271Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

272/Oriental Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus orientalis
273Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

274Tawny GrassbirdCincloramphus timoriensis
275Striated GrassbirdMegalurus palustris
276/Gray's Grasshopper-Warbler/Locustella fasciolata
277/Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler/Locustella ochotensis
278/Lanceolated Warbler/Locustella lanceolata
279Long-tailed Bush WarblerLocustella caudata

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

280Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
281Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
282Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
283Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypus

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

284Yellow-wattled BulbulBrachypodius urostictus
285Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier
286Zamboanga BulbulHypsipetes rufigularis
287Yellowish BulbulHypsipetes everetti
288Philippine BulbulHypsipetes philippinus

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

289Philippine Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus olivaceus
290Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
291Mountain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus trivirgatus

 
Bush Warblers and Allies: Scotocercidae

292Mountain TailorbirdPhyllergates cucullatus
293Rufous-headed TailorbirdPhyllergates heterolaemus

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

294Mindanao White-eyeLophozosterops goodfellowi
295Rusty-crowned BabblerSterrhoptilus capitalis
296Mindanao Pygmy-BabblerDasycrotapha plateni
297Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus
298Everett's White-eyeZosterops everetti

 
Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies: Timaliidae

299Pin-striped Tit-BabblerMixornis gularis
300Brown Tit-BabblerMacronus striaticeps

 
Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

301Striated Wren-BabblerPtilocichla mindanensis

 
Nuthatches: Sittidae

302Sulphur-billed NuthatchSitta oenochlamys

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

303Stripe-sided RhabdornisRhabdornis mystacalis
304Stripe-breasted RhabdornisRhabdornis inornatus
305Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
306Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor
307Apo MynaGoodfellowia mirandus
308ColetoSarcops calvus
309/Chestnut-cheeked Starling/Agropsar philippensis
310Crested MynaAcridotheres cristatellus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

311Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpres
312/Eyebrowed Thrush/Turdus obscurus
313Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

314/Gray-streaked Flycatcher/Muscicapa griseisticta
315/Ferruginous Flycatcher/Muscicapa ferruginea
316/Asian Brown Flycatcher/Muscicapa dauurica
317Philippine Magpie-RobinCopsychus mindanensis
318Mangrove Blue FlycatcherCyornis rufigastra
319Chestnut-tailed Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis ruficauda
320/Blue-and-white Flycatcher/Cyanoptila cyanomelana
321Turquoise FlycatcherEumyias panayensis
322Bagobo BabblerLeonardina woodi
323Mindanao Jungle-FlycatcherVauriella goodfellowi
324White-browed ShortwingBrachypteryx montana
325/Narcissus Flycatcher/Ficedula narcissina
326/Mugimaki Flycatcher/Ficedula mugimaki
327Little Slaty FlycatcherFicedula basilanica
328Cryptic FlycatcherFicedula crypta
329Bundok FlycatcherFicedula luzoniensis
330Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
331Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata

 
Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

332Olive-backed FlowerpeckerPrionochilus olivaceus
333Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
334Whiskered FlowerpeckerDicaeum proprium
335Olive-capped FlowerpeckerDicaeum nigrilore
336Flame-crowned FlowerpeckerDicaeum anthonyi
337Bicolored FlowerpeckerDicaeum bicolor
338Red-keeled FlowerpeckerDicaeum australe
339Orange-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum trigonostigma
340White-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum hypoleucum
341Pygmy FlowerpeckerDicaeum pygmaeum
342Fire-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum ignipectus

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

343Purple-throated SunbirdLeptocoma sperata
344Copper-throated SunbirdLeptocoma calcostetha
345Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
346Handsome SunbirdAethopyga bella
347Metallic-winged SunbirdAethopyga pulcherrima
348Lina's SunbirdAethopyga linaraborae
349Gray-hooded SunbirdAethopyga primigenia
350Apo SunbirdAethopyga boltoni
351Orange-tufted SpiderhunterArachnothera flammifera
352Naked-faced SpiderhunterArachnothera clarae

 
Fairy-bluebirds: Irenidae

353Philippine Fairy-bluebirdIrena cyanogastra

 
Leafbirds: Chloropseidae

354Philippine LeafbirdChloropsis flavipennis

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

355Red-eared ParrotfinchErythrura coloria
356Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
357White-bellied MuniaLonchura leucogastra
358Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapilla

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

359Cinnamon IbonHypocryptadius cinnamomeus
360Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

361/Gray Wagtail/Motacilla cinerea
362/Eastern Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla tschutschensis
363Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
364/Olive-backed Pipit/Anthus hodgsoni
365/Pechora Pipit/Anthus gustavi
366/Red-throated Pipit/Anthus cervinus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

367White-cheeked BullfinchPyrrhula leucogenis
368Mountain SerinChrysocorythus estherae

 
Hispanhiolan Tanagers: Phaenicophilidae

369Zebra DoveGeopelia striata

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental