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LUZON ISLAND

PHILIPPINES
LOCALE

# Species:400
# Excl Vagrants:400
# Endemics:115
# Near Endemics:7
Habitat: Open bay, marsh, lowland forest, montane forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
2Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianus
3/Garganey/Spatula querquedula
4/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeata
5GadwallMareca strepera
6/Eurasian Wigeon/Mareca penelope
7Philippine DuckAnas luzonica
8Eastern Spot-billed DuckAnas zonorhyncha
9MallardAnas platyrhynchos
10/Northern Pintail/Anas acuta
11/Eurasian Teal/Anas crecca
12/Common Pochard/Aythya ferina
13Baer's PochardAythya baeri
14/Tufted Duck/Aythya fuligula

 
Megapodes: Megapodiidae

15Tabon ScrubfowlMegapodius cumingii

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

16Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
17Red JunglefowlGallus gallus

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

18Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

19Rock PigeonColumba livia
20Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
21Philippine Collared-DoveStreptopelia dusumieri
22Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebarica
23Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
24Philippine Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia tenuirostris
25Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
26Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica
27Luzon Bleeding-heartGallicolumba luzonica
28White-eared Brown-DovePhapitreron leucotis
29Amethyst Brown-DovePhapitreron amethystinus
30Pink-necked Green-PigeonTreron vernans
31Philippine Green-PigeonTreron axillaris
32Yellow-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus occipitalis
33Flame-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus marchei
34Cream-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus merrilli
35Black-chinned Fruit-DovePtilinopus leclancheri
36Pink-bellied Imperial-PigeonDucula poliocephala
37Spotted Imperial-PigeonDucula carola
38Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aenea
39Pied Imperial-PigeonDucula bicolor

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

40/Indian Cuckoo/Cuculus micropterus
41/Himalayan Cuckoo/Cuculus saturatus
42/Oriental Cuckoo/Cuculus optatus
43Rufous CoucalCentropus unirufus
44Philippine CoucalCentropus viridis
45Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
46Red-crested MalkohaDasylophus superciliosus
47Scale-feathered MalkohaDasylophus cumingi
48/Chestnut-winged Cuckoo/Clamator coromandus
49Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
50Violet CuckooChrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
51Philippine Drongo-CuckooSurniculus velutinus
52/Large Hawk-Cuckoo/Hierococcyx sparverioides
53Philippine Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx pectoralis
54Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
55Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus

 
Frogmouths: Podargidae

56Philippine FrogmouthBatrachostomus septimus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

57Great Eared-NightjarLyncornis macrotis
58/Gray Nightjar/Caprimulgus jotaka
59Philippine NightjarCaprimulgus manillensis
60Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
Swifts: Apodidae

61Brown-backed NeedletailHirundapus giganteus
62Purple NeedletailHirundapus celebensis
63Gray-rumped SwiftletCollocalia marginata
64Ridgetop SwiftletCollocalia isonota
65Pygmy SwiftletCollocalia troglodytes
66Philippine SwiftletAerodramus mearnsi
67Whitehead's SwiftletAerodramus whiteheadi
68Ameline Swiftlet**Aerodramus amelis
69Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germani
70Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
71House SwiftApus nipalensis
72Asian Palm-SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis

 
Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

73Whiskered TreeswiftHemiprocne comata

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

74Slaty-breasted RailLewinia striatus
75Luzon RailLewinia mirifica
76Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
77Barred RailGallirallus torquatus
78Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
79/Eurasian Coot/Fulica atra
80Philippine SwamphenPorphyrio pulverulentus
81WatercockGallicrex cinerea
82Plain Bush-henAmaurornis olivacea
83White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
84White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
85Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata
86Slaty-legged CrakeRallina eurizonoides
87Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
88/Baillon's Crake/Zapornia pusilla
89Spotless CrakeZapornia tabuensis

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

90Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

91/Black-winged Stilt/Himantopus himantopus
92Black-winged Stilt
(Pied Stilt)
Himantopus leucocephalus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

93/Black-bellied Plover/Pluvialis squatarola
94/Pacific Golden-Plover/Pluvialis fulva
95/Lesser Sand-Plover/Charadrius mongolus
96/Greater Sand-Plover/Charadrius leschenaultii
97Malaysian PloverCharadrius peronii
98/Kentish Plover/Charadrius alexandrinus
99Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

100Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

101Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgus

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

102/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
103/Far Eastern Curlew/Numenius madagascariensis
104/Eurasian Curlew/Numenius arquata
105/Bar-tailed Godwit/Limosa lapponica
106/Black-tailed Godwit/Limosa limosa
107/Ruddy Turnstone/Arenaria interpres
108/Great Knot/Calidris tenuirostris
109/Red Knot/Calidris canutus
110/Broad-billed Sandpiper/Calidris falcinellus
111/Sharp-tailed Sandpiper/Calidris acuminata
112/Curlew Sandpiper/Calidris ferruginea
113/Temminck's Stint/Calidris temminckii
114/Long-toed Stint/Calidris subminuta
115/Red-necked Stint/Calidris ruficollis
116/Sanderling/Calidris alba
117/Asian Dowitcher/Limnodromus semipalmatus
118Bukidnon WoodcockScolopax bukidnonensis
119/Terek Sandpiper/Xenus cinereus
120/Common Snipe/Gallinago gallinago
121/Pin-tailed Snipe/Gallinago stenura
122/Swinhoe's Snipe/Gallinago megala
123/Red-necked Phalarope/Phalaropus lobatus
124/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
125/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus
126/Gray-tailed Tattler/Tringa brevipes
127/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
128/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
129/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola
130/Common Redshank/Tringa totanus

 
Buttonquail: Turnicidae

131Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus
132Spotted ButtonquailTurnix ocellatus
133Barred ButtonquailTurnix suscitator
134Luzon ButtonquailTurnix worcesteri

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

135Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

136#Pomarine Jaeger#Stercorarius pomarinus

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

137/Black-headed Gull/Chroicocephalus ridibundus
138Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
139Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
140Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
141Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
142Little TernSternula albifrons
143/Gull-billed Tern/Gelochelidon nilotica
144/Caspian Tern/Hydroprogne caspia
145/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus
146/Whiskered Tern/Chlidonias hybrida
147Roseate TernSterna dougallii
148Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
149Common TernSterna hirundo
150Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
Tropicbirds: Phaethontidae

151Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

152Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
153#Streaked Shearwater#Calonectris leucomelas
154#Wedge-tailed Shearwater#Ardenna pacificus

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

155Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

156#Lesser Frigatebird#Fregata ariel
157#Great Frigatebird#Fregata minor

 
Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

158Brown BoobySula leucogaster
159Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

160Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

161/Great Cormorant/Phalacrocorax carbo

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

162Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
163/Schrenck's Bittern/Ixobrychus eurhythmus
164Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
165Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
166/Gray Heron/Ardea cinerea
167Purple HeronArdea purpurea
168Great EgretArdea alba
169/Intermediate Egret/Ardea intermedia
170/Chinese Egret/Egretta eulophotes
171/Little Egret/Egretta garzetta
172Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
173Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
174/Chinese Pond-Heron/Ardeola bacchus
175Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
176Striated HeronButorides striata
177Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
178Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus
179/Japanese Night-Heron/Gorsachius goisagi
180Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophus

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

181Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
182Black-headed IbisThreskiornis melanocephalus
183Black-faced SpoonbillPlatalea minor

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

184/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

185Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
186Philippine Honey-buzzardPernis steerei
187Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
188Jerdon's BazaAviceda jerdoni
189Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
190Philippine Serpent-EagleSpilornis holospilus
191Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyi
192Philippine Hawk-EagleNisaetus philippensis
193Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
194/Gray-faced Buzzard/Butastur indicus
195/Eastern Marsh-Harrier/Circus spilonotus
196Pied HarrierCircus melanoleucos
197Crested GoshawkAccipiter trivirgatus
198/Chinese Sparrowhawk/Accipiter soloensis
199/Japanese Sparrowhawk/Accipiter gularis
200BesraAccipiter virgatus
201Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
202White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster
203Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus
204Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

205Australasian Grass-OwlTyto longimembris

 
Owls: Strigidae

206Philippine Scops-OwlOtus megalotis
207Luzon Scops-OwlOtus longicornis
208Philippine Eagle-OwlBubo philippensis
209Northern BoobookNinox japonica
210Chocolate BoobookNinox randi
211Luzon BoobookNinox philippensis

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

212Philippine TrogonHarpactes ardens

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

213Rufous HornbillBuceros hydrocorax
214Luzon HornbillPenelopides manillae

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

215/Common Kingfisher/Alcedo atthis
216Indigo-banded KingfisherCeyx cyanopectus
217Philippine Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx melanurus
218Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensis
219Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
220Brown-breasted KingfisherHalcyon gularis
221Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
222Spotted KingfisherActenoides lindsayi

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

223Rufous-crowned Bee-eaterMerops americanus
224Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

225Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
Asian Barbets: Megalaimidae

226Coppersmith BarbetPsilopogon haemacephalus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

227Philippine WoodpeckerYungipicus maculatus
228Luzon FlamebackChrysocolaptes haematribon
229Northern Sooty-WoodpeckerMulleripicus funebris
230White-bellied WoodpeckerDryocopus javensis

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

231Philippine FalconetMicrohierax erythrogenys
232/Eurasian Kestrel/Falco tinnunculus
233Oriental HobbyFalco severus
234Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

235Luzon Racquet-tailPrioniturus montanus
236Green Racquet-tailPrioniturus luconensis
237Blue-crowned Racquet-tailPrioniturus discurus
238Blue-naped ParrotTanygnathus lucionensis
239Azure-rumped ParrotTanygnathus sumatranus
240GuaiaberoBolbopsittacus lunulatus
241Philippine Hanging-ParrotLoriculus philippensis

 
Pittas: Pittidae

242Whiskered PittaErythropitta kochi
243Hooded PittaPitta sordida

 
Thornbills and Allies: Acanthizidae

244Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphurea

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

245Scarlet MinivetPericrocotus speciosus
246/Ashy Minivet/Pericrocotus divaricatus
247Bar-bellied CuckooshrikeCoracina striata
248Black-and-white TrillerLalage melanoleuca
249Pied TrillerLalage nigra
250Blackish CuckooshrikeAnalisoma coerulescens
251Black-bibbed CuckooshrikeEdolisoma mindanense

 
Whistlers and Allies: Pachycephalidae

252Yellow-bellied WhistlerPachycephala philippinensis
253Green-backed WhistlerPachycephala albiventris
254White-vented WhistlerPachycephala homeyeri

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

255White-lored OrioleOriolus albiloris
256Philippine OrioleOriolus steerii
257Isabela OrioleOriolus isabellae
258Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis

 
Woodswallows, Bellmagpies, and Allies: Artamidae

259White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus

 
Ioras: Aegithinidae

260Common IoraAegithina tiphia

 
Fantails: Rhipiduridae

261Blue-headed FantailRhipidura cyaniceps
262Philippine Pied-FantailRhipidura nigritorquis

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

263Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottus
264BalicassiaoDicrurus balicassius

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

265Short-crested MonarchHypothymis helenae
266Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azurea
267Celestial MonarchHypothymis coelestis
268Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata
269Rufous Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone cinnamomea

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

270Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinus
271/Brown Shrike/Lanius cristatus
272Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
273Gray-capped ShrikeLanius validirostris

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

274Slender-billed CrowCorvus enca
275Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

276Citrine Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa helianthea

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

277White-fronted TitSittiparus semilarvatus
278Elegant TitPeriparus elegans

 
Larks: Alaudidae

279Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica
280Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

281Visayan TailorbirdOrthotomus castaneiceps
282Gray-backed TailorbirdOrthotomus derbianus
283Green-backed TailorbirdOrthotomus chloronotus
284Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
285Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

286Black-browed Reed WarblerAcrocephalus bistrigiceps
287/Streaked Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus sorghophilus
288/Oriental Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus orientalis
289Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

290Cordillera Ground-WarblerRobsonius rabori
291Sierra Madre Ground-WarblerRobsonius thompsoni
292Bicol Ground-WarblerRobsonius sorsogonensis
293Tawny GrassbirdCincloramphus timoriensis
294Striated GrassbirdMegalurus palustris
295/Gray's Grasshopper-Warbler/Locustella fasciolata
296/Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler/Locustella ochotensis
297/Lanceolated Warbler/Locustella lanceolata
298Long-tailed Bush WarblerLocustella caudata
299Benguet Bush WarblerLocustella seebohmi

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

300Gray-throated MartinRiparia chinensis
301Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
302Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
303Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
304Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
305Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypus

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

306Yellow-wattled BulbulBrachypodius urostictus
307Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier
308Philippine BulbulHypsipetes philippinus

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

309Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
310Lemon-throated Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus cebuensis
311Ijima's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus ijimae
312Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
313Mountain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus trivirgatus

 
Bush Warblers and Allies: Scotocercidae

314Mountain TailorbirdPhyllergates cucullatus
315Philippine Bush WarblerHorornis seebohmi
316/Japanese Bush Warbler/Horornis diphone

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

317Chestnut-faced BabblerZosterornis whiteheadi
318Luzon Striped-BabblerZosterornis striatus
319Golden-crowned BabblerSterrhoptilus dennistouni
320Black-crowned BabblerSterrhoptilus nigrocapitatus
321Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus
322Lowland White-eyeZosterops meyeni
323Everett's White-eyeZosterops everetti
324Yellowish White-eyeZosterops nigrorum

 
Nuthatches: Sittidae

325Velvet-fronted NuthatchSitta frontalis
326Sulphur-billed NuthatchSitta oenochlamys

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

327Stripe-sided RhabdornisRhabdornis mystacalis
328Long-billed RhabdornisRhabdornis grandis
329Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
330ColetoSarcops calvus
331/Chestnut-cheeked Starling/Agropsar philippensis
332/White-shouldered Starling/Sturnia sinensis
333Crested MynaAcridotheres cristatellus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

334Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
335Ashy ThrushGeokichla cinerea
336/White's Thrush/Zoothera aurea
337Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
338/Eyebrowed Thrush/Turdus obscurus
339Brown-headed ThrushTurdus chrysolaus
340Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus
341Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

342/Gray-streaked Flycatcher/Muscicapa griseisticta
343/Ferruginous Flycatcher/Muscicapa ferruginea
344Ashy-breasted FlycatcherMuscicapa randi
345Philippine Magpie-RobinCopsychus mindanensis
346White-browed ShamaCopsychus luzoniensis
347Blue-breasted FlycatcherCyornis herioti
348Mangrove Blue FlycatcherCyornis rufigastra
349Turquoise FlycatcherEumyias panayensis
350Rusty-flanked Jungle-FlycatcherVauriella insignis
351White-browed ShortwingBrachypteryx montana
352/Siberian Rubythroat/Calliope calliope
353Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
354/Narcissus Flycatcher/Ficedula narcissina
355/Mugimaki Flycatcher/Ficedula mugimaki
356Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
357Furtive FlycatcherFicedula disposita
358Bundok FlycatcherFicedula luzoniensis
359Luzon RedstartPhoenicurus bicolor
360Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
361Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

362Japanese WaxwingBombycilla japonica

 
Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

363Olive-backed FlowerpeckerPrionochilus olivaceus
364Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
365Flame-crowned FlowerpeckerDicaeum anthonyi
366Bicolored FlowerpeckerDicaeum bicolor
367Red-keeled FlowerpeckerDicaeum australe
368Orange-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum trigonostigma
369White-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum hypoleucum
370Pygmy FlowerpeckerDicaeum pygmaeum
371Fire-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum ignipectus

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

372Purple-throated SunbirdLeptocoma sperata
373Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
374Handsome SunbirdAethopyga bella
375Flaming SunbirdAethopyga flagrans
376Mountain SunbirdAethopyga jefferyi
377Naked-faced SpiderhunterArachnothera clarae

 
Fairy-bluebirds: Irenidae

378Philippine Fairy-bluebirdIrena cyanogastra

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

379Tawny-breasted ParrotfinchErythrura hyperythra
380<Green-faced Parrotfinch>Erythrura viridifacies
381Red-eared ParrotfinchErythrura coloria
382Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
383White-bellied MuniaLonchura leucogastra
384Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapilla
385Java SparrowLonchura oryzivora

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

386Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

387/Gray Wagtail/Motacilla cinerea
388/Eastern Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla tschutschensis
389Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
390/White Wagtail/Motacilla alba
391Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
392/Olive-backed Pipit/Anthus hodgsoni
393/Pechora Pipit/Anthus gustavi
394/Red-throated Pipit/Anthus cervinus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

395BramblingFringilla montifringilla
396Yellow-billed GrosbeakEophona migratoria
397White-cheeked BullfinchPyrrhula leucogenis
398Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

399/Yellow Bunting/Emberiza sulphurata

 
Hispanhiolan Tanagers: Phaenicophilidae

400Zebra DoveGeopelia striata

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental