# Species:510
# Excl Vagrants:409
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:3

List of species that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or occur only locally (LC) in the country excluding vagrants and accidentals. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1(Swan Goose)Anser cygnoides V
2|Lesser White-fronted Goose|Anser erythropus V
3(Mute Swan)Cygnus olorLC 
4|Baikal Teal|Sibirionetta formosaLC 
5(Garganey)Spatula querquedulaLC 
6(Falcated Duck)Mareca falcataLCNT
7(Common Pochard)Aythya ferina V
8|Ferruginous Duck|Aythya nyrocaRRNT
9|Baer's Pochard|Aythya baeriLCCR
10(Common Merganser)Mergus merganserLC 
11(White-headed Duck)Oxyura leucocephalaRREN
12Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopusLC 
13Black-billed CapercaillieTetrao urogalloidesLC 
14Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallusRR 
15Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusLC 
16Altai SnowcockTetraogallus altaicusLC 
17(Japanese Quail)Coturnix japonica NT
18(Common Quail)Coturnix coturnixLC 
19(Little Grebe)Tachybaptus ruficollisRR 
20(Horned Grebe)Podiceps auritus V
21(European Turtle-Dove)Streptopelia turturLCV
22(Great Bustard)Otis tardaLCV
23(Macqueen's Bustard)Chlamydotis macqueenii V
24(Corn Crake)Crex crexRR 
25(Eurasian Moorhen)Gallinula chloropusRR 
26(Little Crake)Zapornia parvaLC 
27(Baillon's Crake)Zapornia pusillaLC 
28|Siberian Crane|Leucogeranus leucogeranusLCCR
29(White-naped Crane)Antigone vipio V
30(Hooded Crane)Grus monachaLCV
31(Red-crowned Crane)Grus japonensisRRV
32(Pied Avocet)Recurvirostra avosettaLC 
33(Northern Lapwing)Vanellus vanellus NT
34(Oriental Plover)Anarhynchus veredusLC 
35|Far Eastern Curlew|Numenius madagascariensis EN
36(Eurasian Curlew)Numenius arquata NT
37|Bar-tailed Godwit|Limosa lapponica NT
38(Black-tailed Godwit)Limosa limosa NT
39(Asian Dowitcher)Limnodromus semipalmatusLCNT
40|Gray-tailed Tattler|Tringa brevipes NT
41|Red Knot|Calidris canutus NT
42|Sharp-tailed Sandpiper|Calidris acuminata V
43|Curlew Sandpiper|Calidris ferruginea NT
44|Red-necked Stint|Calidris ruficollis NT
45(Pallas's Gull)Ichthyaetus ichthyaetusLC 
46(Relict Gull)Ichthyaetus relictus V
47|Red-throated Loon|Gavia stellataRR 
48|Oriental Stork|Ciconia boycianaRREN
49(Dalmatian Pelican)Pelecanus crispus NT
50(Little Bittern)Ixobrychus minutusLC 
51(Purple Heron)Ardea purpureaLC 
52Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusLCNT
53Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus NT
54#Himalayan Griffon#Gyps himalayensis NT
55|Greater Spotted Eagle|Clanga clanga V
56(Steppe Eagle)Aquila nipalensis EN
57|Imperial Eagle|Aquila heliaca V
58(Hen Harrier)Circus cyaneusLC 
59|Pallid Harrier|Circus macrourus NT
60#Montagu's Harrier#Circus pygargusRR 
61|Pallas's Fish-Eagle|Haliaeetus leucoryphus EN
62/Snowy Owl/Bubo scandiacus V
63(Saker Falcon)Falco cherrug EN
64(Lesser Gray Shrike)Lanius minorRR 
65(Chinese Gray Shrike)Lanius sphenocercusLC 
66Mongolian Ground-JayPodoces hendersoniNE 
67(White-crowned Penduline-Tit)Remiz coronatusLC 
68(Asian Short-toed Lark)Alaudala cheleensisLC 
69(Crested Lark)Galerida cristataLC 
70Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicusLC 
71(Booted Warbler)Iduna caligataLC 
72(Black-browed Reed Warbler)Acrocephalus bistrigicepsRR 
73(Oriental Reed Warbler)Acrocephalus orientalisLC 
74(Gray's Grasshopper Warbler)Helopsaltes fasciolataRR 
75(Marsh Grassbird)Helopsaltes pryeriRRNT
76(Lanceolated Warbler)Locustella lanceolataRR 
77(Savi's Warbler)Locustella luscinioidesLC 
78(Common Grasshopper Warbler)Locustella naeviaLC 
79(Baikal Bush Warbler)Locustella davidiLC 
80(Pale Martin)Riparia dilutaRR 
81(Asian House-Martin)Delichon dasypusRR 
82(Sulphur-bellied Warbler)Phylloscopus griseolusLC 
83(Willow Warbler)Phylloscopus trochilusLC 
84Reed ParrotbillCalamornis heudeiNENT
85|Eurasian Wren|Troglodytes troglodytesRR 
86|Daurian Starling|Agropsar sturninaLC 
87(Redwing)Turdus iliacusRRNT
88(Common Nightingale)Luscinia megarhynchosRR 
89(Bluethroat)Luscinia svecicaLC 
90|Yellow-rumped Flycatcher|Ficedula zanthopygiaLC 
91(Rufous-backed Redstart)Phoenicurus erythronotusLC 
92(White-winged Redstart)Phoenicurus erythrogastrusLC 
93(White-throated Rock-Thrush)Monticola gularisRR 
94(Blue Rock-Thrush)Monticola solitariusRR 
95(White-throated Bushchat)Saxicola insignisLCV
96Altai AccentorPrunella himalayanaLC 
97(Black-throated Accentor)Prunella atrogularisLC 
98Mongolian AccentorPrunella koslowiNE 
99Himalayan Beautiful RosefinchCarpodacus pulcherrimusLC 
100Red-mantled RosefinchCarpodacus rhodochlamysLC 
101Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaLC 
102Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicusLC 
103Plain Mountain FinchLeucosticte nemoricolaLC 
104Black-headed Mountain FinchLeucosticte brandtiLC 
105(European Greenfinch)Chloris chlorisRR 
106(Eurasian Linnet)Linaria cannabinaLC 
107White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraRR 
108(Fire-fronted Serin)Serinus pusillusLC 
109(Rock Bunting)Emberiza ciaRR 
110|Rustic Bunting|Emberiza rustica V
111(Yellow-breasted Bunting)Emberiza aureola CR
112(Red-headed Bunting)Emberiza brunicepsLC 


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



§ Includes Sarawak, Sabah, & Kalimantan
§§ Excludes Taiwan
§§§ Includes Wallacea but excludes Kalimantan (Borneo) and West Papua New Guinea & nearby islands
§§§§ Excludes Sarawak and Sabah on Borneo


NENear Endemic3
RRRestricted Range25


NTNear Threatened7
CRCritically Endangered2

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.