Altitude (ft):3993
# Species:180
# Excl Vagrants:180
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:2
Habitat: Saline Lake, salt/fresh water marshes


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1(Bar-headed Goose)Anser indicus
2(Graylag Goose)Anser anser
3(Swan Goose)Anser cygnoides
4(Mute Swan)Cygnus olor
5(Whooper Swan)Cygnus cygnus
6(Ruddy Shelduck)Tadorna ferruginea
7(Common Shelduck)Tadorna tadorna
8(Garganey)Spatula querquedula
9(Northern Shoveler)Spatula clypeata
10(Gadwall)Mareca strepera
11(Falcated Duck)Mareca falcata
12(Eurasian Wigeon)Mareca penelope
13(Eastern Spot-billed Duck)Anas zonorhyncha
14(Mallard)Anas platyrhynchos
15(Northern Pintail)Anas acuta
16(Green-winged Teal)Anas crecca
17(Red-crested Pochard)Netta rufina
18(Common Pochard)Aythya ferina
19|Ferruginous Duck|Aythya nyroca
20(Tufted Duck)Aythya fuligula
21Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
22(Common Goldeneye)Bucephala clangula
23|Smew|Mergellus albellus

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

24Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
25Daurian PartridgePerdix dauurica
26ChukarAlectoris chukar

Grebes: Podicipedidae

27(Horned Grebe)Podiceps auritus
28(Great Crested Grebe)Podiceps cristatus
29(Eared Grebe)Podiceps nigricollis

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

30Rock PigeonColumba livia
31Hill PigeonColumba rupestris
32(Eurasian Collared-Dove)Streptopelia decaocto

Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

33Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

Swifts: Apodidae

34(Common Swift)Apus apus
35(Pacific Swift)Apus pacificus

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

36(Water Rail)Rallus aquaticus
37(Eurasian Moorhen)Gallinula chloropus
38(Eurasian Coot)Fulica atra
39(Baillon's Crake)Zapornia pusilla

Cranes: Gruidae

40(Demoiselle Crane)Anthropoides virgo
41(White-naped Crane)Antigone vipio
42(Common Crane)Grus grus

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

43(Black-winged Stilt)Himantopus himantopus
44(Pied Avocet)Recurvirostra avosetta

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

45|Pacific Golden-Plover|Pluvialis fulva
46(Little Ringed Plover)Charadrius dubius
47(Northern Lapwing)Vanellus vanellus
48(Oriental Plover)Anarhynchus veredus
49|Tibetan Sand-Plover|Anarhynchus atrifrons
50(Greater Sand-Plover)Anarhynchus leschenaultii
51(Kentish Plover)Anarhynchus alexandrinus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

52|Whimbrel|Numenius phaeopus
53(Eurasian Curlew)Numenius arquata
54(Black-tailed Godwit)Limosa limosa
55(Asian Dowitcher)Limnodromus semipalmatus
56(Pin-tailed Snipe)Gallinago stenura
57(Common Snipe)Gallinago gallinago
58|Red-necked Phalarope|Phalaropus lobatus
59|Terek Sandpiper|Xenus cinereus
60(Common Sandpiper)Actitis hypoleucos
61(Green Sandpiper)Tringa ochropus
62|Gray-tailed Tattler|Tringa brevipes
63|Marsh Sandpiper|Tringa stagnatilis
64|Wood Sandpiper|Tringa glareola
65(Common Redshank)Tringa totanus
66|Spotted Redshank|Tringa erythropus
67(Common Greenshank)Tringa nebularia
68|Ruddy Turnstone|Arenaria interpres
69(Ruff)Calidris pugnax
70|Broad-billed Sandpiper|Calidris falcinellus
71|Curlew Sandpiper|Calidris ferruginea
72|Temminck's Stint|Calidris temminckii
73|Long-toed Stint|Calidris subminuta
74|Red-necked Stint|Calidris ruficollis
75|Sanderling|Calidris alba
76|Dunlin|Calidris alpina
77|Little Stint|Calidris minuta

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

78|Little Gull|Hydrocoloeus minutus
79(Black-headed Gull)Chroicocephalus ridibundus
80Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalus
81(Pallas's Gull)Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
82(Relict Gull)Ichthyaetus relictus
83|Common Gull|Larus canus
84(Mongolian Gull**)Larus mongolicus
85(Little Tern)Sternula albifrons
86(Gull-billed Tern)Gelochelidon nilotica
87(Caspian Tern)Hydroprogne caspia
88(Whiskered Tern)Chlidonias hybrida
89(Black Tern)Chlidonias niger
90(White-winged Tern)Chlidonias leucopterus
91(Common Tern)Sterna hirundo

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

92(Great Cormorant)Phalacrocorax carbo

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

93(Great Bittern)Botaurus stellaris
94(Great Egret)Ardea alba
95(Gray Heron)Ardea cinerea

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

96|Eurasian Spoonbill|Platalea leucorodia

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

97Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
98Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
99#Himalayan Griffon#Gyps himalayensis
100(Booted Eagle)Hieraaetus pennatus
101(Steppe Eagle)Aquila nipalensis
102Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
103(Western Marsh Harrier)Circus aeruginosus
104Eastern Marsh HarrierCircus spilonotus
105(Hen Harrier)Circus cyaneus
106(Eurasian Sparrowhawk)Accipiter nisus
107(Black Kite)Milvus migrans
108|Pallas's Fish-Eagle|Haliaeetus leucoryphus
109(Long-legged Buzzard)Buteo rufinus
110Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasius

Owls: Strigidae

111Little OwlAthene noctua

Hoopoes: Upupidae

112(Eurasian Hoopoe)Upupa epops

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

113(Lesser Kestrel)Falco naumanni
114(Eurasian Kestrel)Falco tinnunculus
115|Peregrine Falcon|Falco peregrinus

Shrikes: Laniidae

116(Isabelline Shrike)Lanius isabellinus
117(Brown Shrike)Lanius cristatus
118/Northern Shrike/Lanius borealis
119(Great Gray Shrike)Lanius excubitor
120(Chinese Gray Shrike)Lanius sphenocercus

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

121Mongolian Ground-JayPodoces hendersoni
122Common RavenCorvus corax

Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

123Willow TitPoecile montanus

Larks: Alaudidae

124Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
125(Mongolian Short-toed Lark)Calandrella dukhunensis
126Mongolian LarkMelanocorypha mongolica
127(Asian Short-toed Lark)Alaudala cheleensis
128(Eurasian Skylark)Alauda arvensis
129(Crested Lark)Galerida cristata

Bearded Reedling: Panuridae

130Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

131(Paddyfield Warbler)Acrocephalus agricola
132(Blyth's Reed Warbler)Acrocephalus dumetorum

Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

133(Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler)Helopsaltes certhiola
134(Savi's Warbler)Locustella luscinioides

Swallows: Hirundinidae

135(Bank Swallow)Riparia riparia
136(Pale Martin)Riparia diluta
137(Barn Swallow)Hirundo rustica
138(Siberian House-Martin)Delichon lagopodum

Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

139(Common Chiffchaff)Phylloscopus collybita
140|Two-barred Warbler|Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus
141(Arctic Warbler)Phylloscopus borealis

Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

142(Lesser Whitethroat)Curruca curruca
143(Asian Desert Warbler)Curruca nana

Nuthatches: Sittidae

144Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

Starlings: Sturnidae

145(European Starling)Sturnus vulgaris
146&Rosy StarlinglPastor roseus

Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

147(Dark-sided Flycatcher)Muscicapa sibirica
148(Asian Brown Flycatcher)Muscicapa dauurica
149(Siberian Rubythroat)Calliope calliope
150(Taiga Flycatcher)Ficedula albicilla
151(Rufous-backed Redstart)Phoenicurus erythronotus
152(White-winged Redstart)Phoenicurus erythrogastrus
153(Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush)Monticola saxatilis
154(White-throated Bushchat)Saxicola insignis
155(Northern Wheatear)Oenanthe oenanthe
156(Isabelline Wheatear)Oenanthe isabellina
157(Desert Wheatear)Oenanthe deserti
158(Pied Wheatear)Oenanthe pleschanka

Accentors: Prunellidae

159Altai AccentorPrunella himalayana
160Mongolian AccentorPrunella koslowi

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

161House SparrowPasser domesticus
162Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
163Rock SparrowGymnornis petronia
164Pere David's SnowfinchPyrgilauda davidiana

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

165(Gray Wagtail)Motacilla cinerea
166(Western Yellow Wagtail)Motacilla flava
167(Eastern Yellow Wagtail)Motacilla tschutschensis
168(Citrine Wagtail)Motacilla citreola
169(White Wagtail)Motacilla alba
170(Richard's Pipit)Anthus richardi
171(Blyth's Pipit)Anthus godlewskii
172(Tree Pipit)Anthus trivialis
173(Olive-backed Pipit)Anthus hodgsoni
174(Water Pipit)Anthus spinoletta

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

175Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
176Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra

Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

177(Gray-necked Bunting)Emberiza buchanani
178(Yellow-breasted Bunting)Emberiza aureola
179(Black-faced Bunting)Emberiza spodocephala
180Pallas's BuntingEmberiza pallasi


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor1
\\Austral Visitor0
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
()Breeding Season Only121


NTNear Threatened12
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.