Altitude ():m
# Species*:98
# Excl Vagrants*:98
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:2
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Alpine meadows, montane steppe


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1(Bar-headed Goose)Anser indicus
2(Swan Goose)Anser cygnoides
3(Mute Swan)Cygnus olor
4(Whooper Swan)Cygnus cygnus
5(Ruddy Shelduck)Tadorna ferruginea
6(Common Shelduck)Tadorna tadorna
7(Garganey)Spatula querquedula
8(Northern Shoveler)Spatula clypeata
9(Gadwall)Mareca strepera
10(Mallard)Anas platyrhynchos
11(Red-crested Pochard)Netta rufina

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

12Altai SnowcockTetraogallus altaicus
13ChukarAlectoris chukar

Grebes: Podicipedidae

14(Great Crested Grebe)Podiceps cristatus

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

15Rock PigeonColumba livia

Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

16Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

17(Common Cuckoo)Cuculus canorus

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

18(Eurasian Nightjar)Caprimulgus europaeus

Swifts: Apodidae

19(Common Swift)Apus apus

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

20(Eurasian Coot)Fulica atra

Cranes: Gruidae

21|Demoiselle Crane|Anthropoides virgo

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

22(Black-winged Stilt)Himantopus himantopus
23(Pied Avocet)Recurvirostra avosetta

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

24|Pacific Golden-Plover|Pluvialis fulva
25(Little Ringed Plover)Charadrius dubius
26(Northern Lapwing)Vanellus vanellus
27(Oriental Plover)Anarhynchus veredus
28(Greater Sand-Plover)Anarhynchus leschenaultii
29(Kentish Plover)Anarhynchus alexandrinus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

30(Black-tailed Godwit)Limosa limosa
31(Common Snipe)Gallinago gallinago
32(Common Redshank)Tringa totanus
33|Temminck's Stint|Calidris temminckii
34|Red-necked Stint|Calidris ruficollis

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

35(Black-headed Gull)Chroicocephalus ridibundus
36(Mongolian Gull**)Larus mongolicus
37(White-winged Tern)Chlidonias leucopterus
38(Common Tern)Sterna hirundo

Storks: Ciconiidae

39(Black Stork)Ciconia nigra

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

40(Great Cormorant)Phalacrocorax carbo

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

41(Great Egret)Ardea alba
42(Gray Heron)Ardea cinerea

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

43|Eurasian Spoonbill|Platalea leucorodia

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

44Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
45Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
46#Himalayan Griffon#Gyps himalayensis
47(Steppe Eagle)Aquila nipalensis
48Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
49(Black Kite)Milvus migrans
50Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasius

Owls: Strigidae

51Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo

Hoopoes: Upupidae

52(Eurasian Hoopoe)Upupa epops

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

53(Lesser Kestrel)Falco naumanni
54(Eurasian Kestrel)Falco tinnunculus

Shrikes: Laniidae

55(Isabelline Shrike)Lanius isabellinus
56(Brown Shrike)Lanius cristatus
57(Great Gray Shrike)Lanius excubitor

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

58Mongolian Ground-JayPodoces hendersoni
59Common RavenCorvus corax

Larks: Alaudidae

60Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
61(Asian Short-toed Lark)Alaudala cheleensis
62(Eurasian Skylark)Alauda arvensis
63(Crested Lark)Galerida cristata

Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

64(Paddyfield Warbler)Acrocephalus agricola

Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

65(Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler)Helopsaltes certhiola

Swallows: Hirundinidae

66(Eurasian Crag-Martin)Ptyonoprogne rupestris
67(Barn Swallow)Hirundo rustica

Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

68(Dusky Warbler)Phylloscopus fuscatus

Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

69(Barred Warbler)Curruca nisoria
70(Asian Desert Warbler)Curruca nana

Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

71(Siberian Rubythroat)Calliope calliope
72(Taiga Flycatcher)Ficedula albicilla
73(White-winged Redstart)Phoenicurus erythrogastrus
74(Black Redstart)Phoenicurus ochruros
75(Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush)Monticola saxatilis
76(White-throated Bushchat)Saxicola insignis
77(Northern Wheatear)Oenanthe oenanthe
78(Isabelline Wheatear)Oenanthe isabellina
79(Desert Wheatear)Oenanthe deserti
80(Pied Wheatear)Oenanthe pleschanka

Accentors: Prunellidae

81Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
82Altai AccentorPrunella himalayana
83Brown AccentorPrunella fulvescens
84Mongolian AccentorPrunella koslowi

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

85House SparrowPasser domesticus
86Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
87White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

88(Gray Wagtail)Motacilla cinerea
89(Citrine Wagtail)Motacilla citreola
90(White Wagtail)Motacilla alba
91(Richard's Pipit)Anthus richardi
92(Water Pipit)Anthus spinoletta

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

93Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
94Asian Rosy-FinchLeucosticte arctoa
95TwiteLinaria flavirostris

Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

96(Godlewski's Bunting)Emberiza godlewskii
97(Gray-necked Bunting)Emberiza buchanani
98Pallas's BuntingEmberiza pallasi


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor0
\\Austral Visitor0
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
()Breeding Season Only70


NTNear Threatened6
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.