# Species:143
# Excl Vagrants:143
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:2
Habitat: Desert, dunes


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1(Swan Goose)Anser cygnoides
2(Ruddy Shelduck)Tadorna ferruginea
3(Gadwall)Mareca strepera
4(Eurasian Wigeon)Mareca penelope
5(Eastern Spot-billed Duck)Anas zonorhyncha
6(Mallard)Anas platyrhynchos
7(Common Pochard)Aythya ferina

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

8ChukarAlectoris chukar

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

9Rock PigeonColumba livia
10Hill PigeonColumba rupestris
11(Eurasian Collared-Dove)Streptopelia decaocto
12Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebarica

Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

13Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

14(Common Cuckoo)Cuculus canorus

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

15(Eurasian Nightjar)Caprimulgus europaeus

Swifts: Apodidae

16(Common Swift)Apus apus
17(Pacific Swift)Apus pacificus

Cranes: Gruidae

18(Demoiselle Crane)Anthropoides virgo

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

19(Black-winged Stilt)Himantopus himantopus
20(Pied Avocet)Recurvirostra avosetta

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

21|Pacific Golden-Plover|Pluvialis fulva
22(Little Ringed Plover)Charadrius dubius
23(Northern Lapwing)Vanellus vanellus
24(Oriental Plover)Anarhynchus veredus
25|Tibetan Sand-Plover|Anarhynchus atrifrons
26(Greater Sand-Plover)Anarhynchus leschenaultii
27(Kentish Plover)Anarhynchus alexandrinus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

28(Eurasian Curlew)Numenius arquata
29|Swinhoe's Snipe|Gallinago megala
30(Pin-tailed Snipe)Gallinago stenura
31(Common Snipe)Gallinago gallinago
32(Common Sandpiper)Actitis hypoleucos
33(Green Sandpiper)Tringa ochropus
34|Wood Sandpiper|Tringa glareola
35(Common Redshank)Tringa totanus
36|Sharp-tailed Sandpiper|Calidris acuminata
37|Temminck's Stint|Calidris temminckii
38|Long-toed Stint|Calidris subminuta

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

39(Black-headed Gull)Chroicocephalus ridibundus
40(Mongolian Gull**)Larus mongolicus
41(White-winged Tern)Chlidonias leucopterus
42(Common Tern)Sterna hirundo

Storks: Ciconiidae

43(Black Stork)Ciconia nigra

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

44(Little Bittern)Ixobrychus minutus
45|Chinese Pond-Heron|Ardeola bacchus
46(Great Egret)Ardea alba
47(Gray Heron)Ardea cinerea

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

48|Eurasian Spoonbill|Platalea leucorodia

Osprey: Pandionidae

49(Osprey)Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

50Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
51#Oriental Honey-buzzard#Pernis ptilorhynchus
52Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
53#Himalayan Griffon#Gyps himalayensis
54(Booted Eagle)Hieraaetus pennatus
55(Steppe Eagle)Aquila nipalensis
56Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
57(Western Marsh Harrier)Circus aeruginosus
58(Eurasian Sparrowhawk)Accipiter nisus
59(Black Kite)Milvus migrans
60Common BuzzardButeo buteo
61(Long-legged Buzzard)Buteo rufinus
62Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasius

Owls: Strigidae

63Little OwlAthene noctua

Hoopoes: Upupidae

64(Eurasian Hoopoe)Upupa epops

Woodpeckers: Picidae

65(Eurasian Wryneck)Jynx torquilla

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

66(Lesser Kestrel)Falco naumanni
67(Eurasian Kestrel)Falco tinnunculus
68(Amur Falcon)Falco amurensis
69|Peregrine Falcon|Falco peregrinus

Shrikes: Laniidae

70(Isabelline Shrike)Lanius isabellinus
71(Brown Shrike)Lanius cristatus
72/Northern Shrike/Lanius borealis
73(Great Gray Shrike)Lanius excubitor
74(Chinese Gray Shrike)Lanius sphenocercus

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

75Mongolian Ground-JayPodoces hendersoni
76Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
77(Rook)Corvus frugilegus
78Carrion CrowCorvus corone
79Common RavenCorvus corax

Larks: Alaudidae

80Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
81(Mongolian Short-toed Lark)Calandrella dukhunensis
82Mongolian LarkMelanocorypha mongolica
83(Asian Short-toed Lark)Alaudala cheleensis
84(Eurasian Skylark)Alauda arvensis
85(Crested Lark)Galerida cristata

Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

86(Thick-billed Warbler)Arundinax aedon
87(Paddyfield Warbler)Acrocephalus agricola
88(Oriental Reed Warbler)Acrocephalus orientalis

Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

89(Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler)Helopsaltes certhiola

Swallows: Hirundinidae

90(Eurasian Crag-Martin)Ptyonoprogne rupestris
91(Barn Swallow)Hirundo rustica
92(Siberian House-Martin)Delichon lagopodum

Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

93(Yellow-browed Warbler)Phylloscopus inornatus
94(Hume's Warbler)Phylloscopus humei
95(Sulphur-bellied Warbler)Phylloscopus griseolus
96(Dusky Warbler)Phylloscopus fuscatus
97(Pallas's Leaf Warbler)Phylloscopus proregulus
98|Two-barred Warbler|Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus
99(Arctic Warbler)Phylloscopus borealis

Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

100(Lesser Whitethroat)Curruca curruca
101(Asian Desert Warbler)Curruca nana

Wallcreeper: Tichodromidae

102WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

Starlings: Sturnidae

103|Daurian Starling|Agropsar sturnina

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

104(Red-throated Thrush)Turdus ruficollis

Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

105(Asian Brown Flycatcher)Muscicapa dauurica
106(Red-flanked Bluetail)Tarsiger cyanurus
107(Taiga Flycatcher)Ficedula albicilla
108(Common Redstart)Phoenicurus phoenicurus
109(Black Redstart)Phoenicurus ochruros
110(Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush)Monticola saxatilis
111(Siberian Stonechat)Saxicola maurus
112(Northern Wheatear)Oenanthe oenanthe
113(Isabelline Wheatear)Oenanthe isabellina
114(Desert Wheatear)Oenanthe deserti
115(Pied Wheatear)Oenanthe pleschanka

Accentors: Prunellidae

116Brown AccentorPrunella fulvescens
117Mongolian AccentorPrunella koslowi

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

118Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
119House SparrowPasser domesticus
120Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
121Rock SparrowGymnornis petronia
122White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
123Pere David's SnowfinchPyrgilauda davidiana

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

124(Gray Wagtail)Motacilla cinerea
125(Eastern Yellow Wagtail)Motacilla tschutschensis
126(Citrine Wagtail)Motacilla citreola
127(White Wagtail)Motacilla alba
128(Richard's Pipit)Anthus richardi
129(Blyth's Pipit)Anthus godlewskii
130(Tawny Pipit)Anthus campestris
131(Olive-backed Pipit)Anthus hodgsoni

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

132Yellow-billed GrosbeakEophona migratoria
133(Common Rosefinch)Carpodacus erythrinus
134Himalayan Beautiful RosefinchCarpodacus pulcherrimus
135Chinese Beautiful RosefinchCarpodacus davidianus
136Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
137TwiteLinaria flavirostris

Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

138(Godlewski's Bunting)Emberiza godlewskii
139(Gray-necked Bunting)Emberiza buchanani
140|Yellow-browed Bunting|Emberiza chrysophrys
141|Little Bunting|Emberiza pusilla
142(Black-faced Bunting)Emberiza spodocephala
143Pallas's BuntingEmberiza pallasi


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor1
\\Austral Visitor0
##Non-breeding Dispersal2
()Breeding Season Only94


NTNear Threatened5
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.