↑INDONESIA">
INDONESIA↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

HALMAHERA

INDONESIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):17,780
# Species:240
# Excl Vagrants:239
# Endemics:48
# Near Endemics:1
Species/100 SqKm:1.3
Habitat: Lowland rainforest, montane rainforest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1Spotted Whistling-DuckDendrocygna guttata
2Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
3Radjah ShelduckRajah radjah
4/Garganey/Spatula querquedula
5Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
6Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons

 
Megapodes: Megapodiidae

7Moluccan ScrubfowlEulipoa wallacei
8Dusky ScrubfowlMegapodius freycinet

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

9Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

10Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
11Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

12Rock PigeonColumba livia
13Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
14Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
15Sultan's Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia doreya
16Great Cuckoo-DoveReinwardtoena reinwardti
17Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
18Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica
19Pink-necked Green-PigeonTreron vernans
20Scarlet-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus bernsteinii
21Superb Fruit-DovePtilinopus superbus
22Blue-capped Fruit-DovePtilinopus monacha
23White-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus rivoli
24Gray-headed Fruit-DovePtilinopus hyogastrus
25Carunculated Fruit-DovePtilinopus granulifrons
26Black-naped Fruit-DovePtilinopus melanospilus
27Spectacled Imperial-PigeonDucula perspicillata
28Cinnamon-bellied Imperial-PigeonDucula basilica
29Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonDucula rosacea
30Pied Imperial-PigeonDucula bicolor
31Papuan Mountain-PigeonGymnophaps albertisii

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

32Indian CuckooCuculus micropterus
33Goliath CoucalCentropus goliath
34Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
35Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
36Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
37Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
38Moluccan Drongo-CuckooSurniculus musschenbroeki
39Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
40Moluccan CuckooCacomantis aeruginosus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

41Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus

 
Owlet-Nightjars: Aegothelidae

42Moluccan Owlet-nightjarAegotheles crinifrons

 
Swifts: Apodidae

43Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
44Halmahera SwiftletAerodramus infuscatus
45Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensis
46Pacific SwiftApus pacificus

 
Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

47Moustached TreeswiftHemiprocne mystacea

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

48Bare-eyed RailGymnocrex plumbeiventris
49Invisible RailGallirallus wallacii
50Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
51Australasian SwamphenPorphyrio melanotus
52Rufous-tailed Bush-henAmaurornis moluccana
53White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
54Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

55Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

56/Black-winged Stilt/Himantopus himantopus
57Black-winged Stilt
(Pied Stilt)
Himantopus leucocephalus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

58Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
59Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
60Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
61Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
62Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
63Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
64Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

65Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

66WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
67Little CurlewNumenius minutus
68Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
69Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
70Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
71Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
72Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
73Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
74Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
75Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
76Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
77SanderlingCalidris alba
78Moluccan WoodcockScolopax rochussenii
79Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
80/Swinhoe's Snipe/Gallinago megala
81Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
82Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
83/Gray-tailed Tattler/Tringa brevipes
84Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
85Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
86Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
87Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
Buttonquail: Turnicidae

88Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

89Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

90Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

91Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
92Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
93Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
94Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
95Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
96Little TernSternula albifrons
97Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
98White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
99Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
100Roseate TernSterna dougallii
101Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
102Common TernSterna hirundo
103Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
104Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
105Chinese Crested TernThalasseus bernsteini

 
Southern Storm-Petrels: Oceanitidae

106#Wilson's Storm-Petrel#Oceanites oceanicus

 
Northern Storm-Petrels: Hydrobatidae

107Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairae

 
Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

108Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensis
109#Bulwer's Petrel#Bulweria bulwerii
110#Streaked Shearwater#Calonectris leucomelas
111#Wedge-tailed Shearwater#Ardenna pacificus

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

112Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
113Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

114Brown BoobySula leucogaster
115Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

116Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
117Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

118Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

119Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
120Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
121Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
122Great EgretArdea alba
123Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
124Little EgretEgretta garzetta
125Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
126Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
127Striated HeronButorides striata
128Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus
129Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagi

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

130Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

131OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

132Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
133Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
134Black EagleIctinaetus malaiensis
135Pygmy EagleHieraaetus weiskei
136Gurney's EagleAquila gurneyi
137Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
138Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
139Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
140Moluccan GoshawkAccipiter henicogrammus
141Rufous-necked SparrowhawkAccipiter erythrauchen
142Meyer's GoshawkAccipiter meyerianus
143Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
144White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
Owls: Strigidae

145Moluccan Scops-OwlOtus magicus
146Barking OwlNinox connivens
147Halmahera BoobookNinox hypogramma

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

148Blyth's HornbillRhyticeros plicatus

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

149Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
150Azure KingfisherCeyx azureus
151Little KingfisherCeyx pusillus
152North Moluccan Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx uropygialis
153Blue-and-white KingfisherTodiramphus diops
154Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
155Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
156Beach KingfisherTodiramphus saurophagus
157Sombre KingfisherTodiramphus funebris
158Common Paradise-KingfisherTanysiptera galatea

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

159Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

160Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis
161Azure RollerEurystomus azureus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

162Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensis
163Oriental HobbyFalco severus
164Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
165Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Cockatoos: Cacatuidae

166White CockatooCacatua alba

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

167Moluccan King-ParrotAlisterus amboinensis
168Eclectus ParrotEclectus roratus
169Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
170Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
171Red-flanked LorikeetCharmosyna placentis
172Chattering LoryLorius garrulus
173Violet-necked LoryEos squamata
174Moluccan Hanging-ParrotLoriculus amabilis

 
Pittas: Pittidae

175Blue-breasted PittaErythropitta erythrogaster
176North Moluccan PittaErythropitta rufiventris
177Ivory-breasted PittaPitta maxima
178Elegant PittaPitta elegans

 
Honeyeaters: Meliphagidae

179Dusky MyzomelaMyzomela obscura
180Olive HoneyeaterLichmera argentauris
181White-streaked FriarbirdMelitograis gilolensis
182Dusky FriarbirdPhilemon fuscicapillus

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

183Stout-billed CuckooshrikeCoracina caeruleogrisea
184White-bellied CuckooshrikeCoracina papuensis
185Moluccan CuckooshrikeCoracina atriceps
186Rufous-bellied TrillerLalage aurea
187Halmahera CuckooshrikeCelebesia parvula
188Pale CicadabirdEdolisoma ceramense
189Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre

 
Whistlers and Allies: Pachycephalidae

190Black-chinned WhistlerPachycephala mentalis
191Island WhistlerPachycephala phaionota
192Drab WhistlerPachycephala griseonota

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

193Halmahera OrioleOriolus phaeochromus
194Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis

 
Woodswallows, Bellmagpies, and Allies: Artamidae

195White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus

 
Fantails: Rhipiduridae

196Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris
197Willie-wagtailRhipidura leucophrys
198Rufous FantailRhipidura rufifrons

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

199Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottus
200Spangled DrongoDicrurus bracteatus

 
Birds-of-paradise: Paradisaeidae

201Paradise-crowLycocorax pyrrhopterus
202Standardwing Bird-of-ParadiseSemioptera wallacii

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

203White-naped MonarchCarterornis pileatus
204Island MonarchMonarcha cinerascens
205Spectacled MonarchSymposiachrus trivirgatus
206Moluccan FlycatcherMyiagra galeata
207Shining FlycatcherMyiagra alecto

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

208Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

209Long-billed CrowCorvus validus
210Torresian CrowCorvus orru

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

211Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

212Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

213Gray's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella fasciolata
214Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

215Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
216Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
217Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

218Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
219Sula Golden-BulbulAlophoixus longirostris
220Halmahera Golden-BulbulAlophoixus chloris

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

221Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
222Island Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus maforensis

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

223Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus
224Cream-throated White-eyeZosterops atriceps

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

225Metallic StarlingAplonis metallica
226Moluccan StarlingAplonis mysolensis

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

227Gray-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
228Turquoise FlycatcherEumyias panayensis
229Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimaki
230Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
231/Blue Rock-Thrush/Monticola solitarius

 
Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

232Halmahera FlowerpeckerDicaeum schistaceiceps

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

233Black SunbirdLeptocoma aspasia
234Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

235Blue-faced ParrotfinchErythrura trichroa
236Black-faced MuniaLonchura molucca
237Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapilla

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

238Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

239Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
240Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental