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TANZANIA SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

Accessible Species

AFRICA
TANZANIA

Area (SqMi):365,755
# Species:1123
# Excl Vagrants:1090
# Endemics:31
# Near Endemics:31
Species/1000 SqMi:3.0

OTHER COUNTRIES
IN AFRICA

BIRDING LOCALES

DISTRIBUTION CODES

CodeDescription##
EEndemic15
LCLocal34
NENear Endemic27
RRRestricted Range132

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened27
VVulnerable14
ENEndangered17
CRCritically Endangered4

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.

List of all specialty birds in the country occurring in locales typically visited by birding tours. Specialties include endemics and globally threatened, vulnerable or endangered. Table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. See sidebar for meaning of location codes and symbols associated with common names.*

color codes

1Cape TealAnas capensisRR 
2Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoaRREN
3Vulturine GuineafowlAcryllium vulturinumRR 
4Eastern Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucheraniNE 
5Red-winged FrancolinScleroptera levaillantiiRR 
6Shelley's FrancolinScleroptera shelleyiRR 
7Gray-breasted SpurfowlPternistis rufopictusE 
8Red-necked SpurfowlPternistis aferLC 
9<Lesser Flamingo>Phoenicoparrus minor V
10Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugensRR 
11Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferRR 
12Pemba Green-PigeonTreron pembaensisEV
13Kori BustardArdeotis kori NT
14Denham's BustardNeotis denhami NT
15Livingstone's TuracoTauraco livingstoniiRR 
16Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowiRR 
17Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriRRNT
18Hartlaub's TuracoTauraco hartlaubiRR 
19Ross's TuracoMusophaga rossaeRR 
20Gray Go-away-birdCrinifer concolorRR 
21Eastern Plantain-eaterCrinifer zonurusRR 
22Black CoucalCentropus grilliiLC 
23Blue MalkohaCeuthmochares aereusRR 
24Montane NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalusRR 
25Swamp NightjarCaprimulgus natalensisRR 
26Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheriLC 
27Bat-like SpinetailNeafrapus boehmiLC 
28Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilusRR 
29African SwiftApus barbatusRR 
30(Horus Swift)Apus horusRR 
31(African Crake)Crex egregiaLC 
32Chestnut-headed FlufftailSarothrura lugensRR 
33Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorum EN
34Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaLC 
35White-crowned LapwingVanellus albicepsRR 
36Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterusRR 
37Lesser JacanaMicroparra capensisLC 
38/Eurasian Curlew/Numenius arquata NT
39/Bar-tailed Godwit/Limosa lapponica NT
40/Black-tailed Godwit/Limosa limosa NT
41/Great Snipe/Gallinago media NT
42/Broad-billed Sandpiper/Calidris falcinellusRR 
43/Curlew Sandpiper/Calidris ferruginea NT
44Bronze-winged CourserRhinoptilus chalcopterusLC 
45Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanusLC 
46|Black-winged Pratincole|Glareola nordmanniRRNT
47African Woolly-necked StorkCiconia microscelis NT
48ShoebillBalaeniceps rexRRV
49Rufous-bellied HeronArdeola rufiventrisLC 
50\Malagasy Pond-Heron\Ardeola idae EN
51Olive IbisBostrychia olivaceaRR 
52SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentarius EN
53Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusRRNT
54Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus EN
55White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalis CR
56Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos EN
57Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachus CR
58White-backed VultureGyps africanus CR
59Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelli CR
60BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus EN
61Fasciated Snake-EagleCircaetus fasciolatus NT
62Banded Snake-EagleCircaetus cinerascensRR 
63Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus NT
64Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosus EN
65Tawny EagleAquila rapax V
66/Steppe Eagle/Aquila nipalensis EN
67/Imperial Eagle/Aquila heliacaRRV
68/Pallid Harrier/Circus macrourus NT
69Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullusLC 
70Rufous-chested SparrowhawkAccipiter rufiventrisRR 
71Mountain BuzzardButeo oreophilus NT
72/Long-legged Buzzard/Buteo rufinusRR 
73African Grass-OwlTyto capensisLC 
74Sokoke Scops-OwlOtus ireneaeNEEN
75Pemba Scops-OwlOtus pembaensisEV
76Fraser's Eagle-OwlKetupa poensisRR 
77Pel's Fishing-OwlScotopelia peliRR 
78White-headed MousebirdColius leucocephalusRR 
79White-headed WoodhoopoePhoeniculus bolleiRR 
80Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriLCV
81Tanzanian Red-billed HornbillTockus ruahaeE 
82Black-and-white-casqued HornbillBycanistes subcylindricaRR 
83Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximaLC 
84Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaterMerops oreobatesRR 
85/Northern Carmine Bee-eater/Merops nubicusRR 
86Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naeviusLC 
87Usambiro Barbet**Trachyphonus usambiroNE 
88White-eared BarbetStactolaema leucotisRR 
89Miombo BarbetTricholaema frontataRR 
90Black-collared BarbetLybius torquatusLC 
91Double-toothed BarbetPogonornis bidentatusRR 
92Green-backed HoneyguideProdotiscus zambesiaeLC 
93Wahlberg's HoneyguideProdotiscus regulusLC 
94Rufous-necked WryneckJynx ruficollisRR 
95African Gray WoodpeckerDendropicos goertaeRR 
96Mountain Gray WoodpeckerDendropicos spodocephalusRR 
97Bearded WoodpeckerChloropicus namaquusLC 
98Bennett's WoodpeckerCampethera bennettiiLC 
99Mombasa WoodpeckerCampethera mombassicaRR 
100Fox KestrelFalco alopexRR 
101Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera NT
102|Red-footed Falcon|Falco vespertinus V
103|Sooty Falcon|Falco concolor V
104Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeri NT
105Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusE 
106Red-fronted ParrotPoicephalus gulielmiRR 
107African BroadbillSmithornis capensisLC 
108Purple-throated CuckooshrikeCampephaga quiscalinaRR 
109Brown-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira cyaneaRR 
110Short-tailed BatisBatis mixtaNE 
111Dark BatisBatis cryptaNE 
112Pale BatisBatis sororLC 
113Western Black-headed BatisBatis erlangeriRR 
114Pygmy BatisBatis perkeoRR 
115Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophusNENT
116Northern PuffbackDryoscopus gambensisRR 
117Pringle's PuffbackDryoscopus pringliiRR 
118Three-streaked TchagraTchagra jamesiRR 
119Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteusNE 
120Black-headed GonolekLaniarius erythrogasterRR 
121Rosy-patched BushshrikeRhodophoneus cruentusRR 
122Uluguru BushshrikeMalaconotus aliusEEN
123Cape CrowCorvus capensisRR 
124White-tailed Blue FlycatcherElminia albicaudaRR 
125Red-throated TitMelaniparus fringillinusNE 
126Beesley's Lark**Chersomanes beesleyiE 
127Pink-breasted LarkCalendulauda poecilosternaRR 
128Friedmann's LarkMirafra pulpaRR 
129Red-winged LarkMirafra hypermetraRR 
130Angola LarkMirafra angolensisRR 
131Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinereaRR 
132<Short-tailed Lark>Pseudalaemon fremantliiRR 
133Somali Short-toed LarkAlaudala somalicaRR 
134Northern CrombecSylvietta brachyuraRR 
135Somali CrombecSylvietta isabellinaRR 
136Kretschmer's LongbillMacrosphenus kretschmeriRR 
137African TailorbirdArtisornis metopiasNE 
138Olive-green CamaropteraCamaroptera chloronotaRR 
139White-winged ApalisApalis chariessaRRNT
140Buff-throated ApalisApalis rufogularisRR 
141Chapin's ApalisApalis chapiniRR 
142Gray ApalisApalis cinereaRR 
143Brown-headed ApalisApalis alticolaRR 
144Karamoja ApalisApalis karamojaeRRV
145Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepidaRR 
146Rock-loving CisticolaCisticola aberransRR 
147Ashy CisticolaCisticola cinereolusRR 
148Wailing CisticolaCisticola laisRR 
149White-tailed CisticolaCisticola anderseniE 
150Stout CisticolaCisticola robustusRR 
151Wing-snapping CisticolaCisticola ayresiiRR 
152Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopygaLC 
153Ethiopian SwallowHirundo aethiopicaRR 
154Rufous-chested SwallowCecropis semirufaRR 
155Uluguru Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla neumanniE 
156Stripe-cheeked GreenbulArizelocichla milanjensis NT
157Northern BrownbulPhyllastrephus strepitansRR 
158/Wood Warbler/Phylloscopus sibilatrixRR 
159Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirensRR 
160Yellow FlycatcherErythrocercus holochlorusRR 
161Brown ParisomaCurruca lugensRR 
162Mbulu White-eyeZosterops mbuluensisNE 
163Kilimanjaro White-eyeZosterops eurycricotusE 
164Pemba White-eyeZosterops vaughaniE 
165Tanzanian IlladopsisIlladopsis distansNE 
166Northern Pied-BabblerTurdoides hypoleucaNE 
167African Spotted CreeperSalpornis salvadoriRR 
168Slender-billed StarlingOnychognathus tenuirostrisRR 
169Sharpe's StarlingPholia sharpiiRR 
170Abbott's StarlingPoeoptera femoralisNEEN
171Kenrick's StarlingPoeoptera kenrickiNE 
172Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiNE 
173<Shelley's Starling>Lamprotornis shelleyiRR 
174Ashy StarlingLamprotornis unicolorNE 
175Splendid StarlingLamprotornis splendidusRR 
176Golden-breasted StarlingLamprotornis regiusRR 
177Fischer's StarlingLamprotornis fischeriRR 
178Sharp-tailed StarlingLamprotornis acuticaudusRR 
179Abyssinian Ground-ThrushGeokichla piaggiaeRR 
180African ThrushTurdus peliosRR 
181Swamp FlycatcherMuscicapa aquaticaRR 
182Northern Black-FlycatcherMelaenornis edolioidesRR 
183Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufaRR 
184East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiLCNT
185Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereusRR 
186Moorland ChatPinarochroa sordidaRR 
187Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsRR 
188Familiar ChatOenanthe familiarisLC 
189Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiRRNT
190Banded SunbirdAnthreptes rubritorquesEV
191Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterNEEN
192Mouse-colored SunbirdCyanomitra veroxiiRR 
193Hunter's SunbirdChalcomitra hunteriRR 
194Tacazze SunbirdNectarinia tacazzeRR 
195Red-tufted SunbirdNectarinia johnstoniRR 
196Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowiRR 
197Olive-bellied SunbirdCinnyris chloropygiusRR 
198Eastern Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris mediocrisNE 
199Usambara Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris usambaricusNENT
200Loveridge's SunbirdCinnyris loveridgeiEEN
201Red-chested SunbirdCinnyris erythrocercusRR 
202Black-bellied SunbirdCinnyris nectarinioidesRR 
203Tsavo SunbirdCinnyris tsavoensisNE 
204Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeE 
205Copper SunbirdCinnyris cupreusRR 
206Speckle-fronted WeaverSporopipes frontalisLC 
207Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficaudaNE 
208Black-capped Social-WeaverPseudonigrita cabanisiRR 
209Red-headed MalimbeMalimbus rubricollisRR 
210Little WeaverPloceus luteolusLC 
211Slender-billed WeaverPloceus pelzelniRR 
212Taveta Golden-WeaverPloceus castaneicepsNE 
213Vieillot's Black WeaverPloceus nigerrimusRR 
214Usambara WeaverPloceus nicolliENT
215Black BishopEuplectes gierowiiLC 
216Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoniNENT
217Java SparrowPadda oryzivora EN
218Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidulaLC 
219Abyssinian CrimsonwingCryptospiza salvadoriiRR 
220Gray-headed NigritaNigrita canicapillusRR 
221Black-crowned WaxbillEstrilda nonnulaRR 
222Fawn-breasted WaxbillEstrilda paludicolaRR 
223Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesRR 
224Orange-winged PytiliaPytilia afraLC 
225Peters's TwinspotHypargos niveoguttatusLC 
226Jameson's FirefinchLagonosticta rhodopareiaLC 
227Purple IndigobirdVidua purpurascensRR 
228Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctusNE 
229Parrot-billed SparrowPasser gongonensisRR 
230Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicusNE 
231Cape WagtailMotacilla capensisRR 
232/White Wagtail/Motacilla albaRR 
233Bush PipitAnthus cafferLC 
234Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliaeRR 
235Oriole FinchLinurgus olivaceusLC 
236Black-throated CanaryCrithagra atrogularisRR 
237Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchananiNE 
238Yellow-browed SeedeaterCrithagra whytiiRR 
239Spot-throatModulatrix stictigulaNE 

 

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.