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DESCRIPTION

MASAI MARA

KENYA
LOCALE

Area (ha):664,000
Altitude (m):1500-2170
# Species:548
# Excl Vagrants:548
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:10
Species/100 ha:0.1
Habitat: Grassland, riverine forest, acacia woodland, swamp, escarpments, thickets, scrub

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Red-winged FrancolinScleroptera levaillantiiLC 
2Blue QuailSynoicus adansoniiLC 
3Red-necked FrancolinPternistis aferRR 
4Lesser FlamingoPhoenicoparrus minor NT
5Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur aferRR 
6Yellow-throated SandgrousePterocles gutturalisRR 
7Kori BustardArdeotis kori NT
8Denham's BustardNeotis denhamiRRNT
9Schalow's TuracoTauraco schalowiRR 
10Eastern Plantain-eaterCrinifer zonurusRR 
11Blue-headed CoucalCentropus monachusRR 
12Swamp NightjarCaprimulgus natalensisRR 
13Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossiiRR 
14Little SwiftApus affinis V
15Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata EN
16African FinfootPodica senegalensisRR 
17Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorum EN
18Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterusRR 
19Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata NT
20Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa NT
21Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea NT
22Great SnipeGallinago media NT
23Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus CR
24Double-banded CourserSmutsornis africanusRR 
25Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni NT
26Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus NT
27Malagasy Pond-HeronArdeola idae EN
28Rufous-bellied HeronArdeola rufiventrisRR 
29SecretarybirdSagittarius serpentarius EN
30Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus EN
31White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalis CR
32Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos EN
33Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachus CR
34White-backed VultureGyps africanus CR
35Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelli CR
36BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus EN
37Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus NT
38Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosus EN
39Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga EN
40Ayres's Hawk-EagleHieraaetus ayresiiLC 
41Tawny EagleAquila rapax V
42Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis EN
43Imperial EagleAquila heliaca V
44Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus NT
45African Grass-OwlTyto capensisLC 
46Northern White-faced OwlPtilopsis leucotisLC 
47Pel's Fishing-OwlScotopelia peliRR 
48Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateri V
49Black-and-white-casqued HornbillBycanistes subcylindricaRR 
50Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis EN
51White-fronted Bee-eaterMerops bullockoidesRR 
52Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicusRR 
53Usambiro Barbet**Trachyphonus usambiroNE 
54Gray-throated BarbetGymnobucco bonaparteiRR 
55Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatusRR 
56Double-toothed BarbetLybius bidentatusRR 
57Rufous-necked WryneckJynx ruficollisRR 
58African Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus goertaeRR 
59Tullberg's WoodpeckerCampethera tullbergiRR 
60Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautiiRR 
61Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoniRR 
62Sooty FalconFalco concolor V
63Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus EN
64Saker FalconFalco cherrug EN
65Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusLC 
66African PittaPitta angolensisRR 
67Brown-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira cyaneaRR 
68Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophusNENT
69Black-headed GonolekLaniarius erythrogasterRR 
70Magpie ShrikeLanius melanoleucaRR 
71Yellow-bellied HyliotaHyliota flavigasterRR 
72African Blue FlycatcherElminia longicaudaRR 
73Red-throated TitMelaniparus fringillinusNE 
74Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinereaRR 
75Somali Short-toed LarkAlaudala somalicaRR 
76Moustached Grass-WarblerMelocichla mentalisRR 
77White-chinned PriniaSchistolais leucopogonRR 
78Miombo Wren-WarblerCalamonastes undosusRR 
79Karamoja ApalisApalis karamojae V
80Rock-loving CisticolaCisticola aberransLC 
81Tabora CisticolaCisticola angusticaudaRR 
82Black-backed CisticolaCisticola eximiusRR 
83African Yellow-WarblerIduna natalensisNE 
84Rufous-chested SwallowCecropis semirufaRR 
85Slender-billed GreenbulStelgidillas gracilirostrisRR 
86Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRR 
87Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaRR 
88Arrow-marked BabblerTurdoides jardineiiRR 
89Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandtiNE 
90Brown-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas hartlaubiRR 
91Sooty ChatMyrmecocichla nigraRR 
92Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsRR 
93Familiar ChatOenanthe familiarisLC 
94Red-chested SunbirdCinnyris erythrocercusRR 
95Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficaudaNE 
96Little WeaverPloceus luteolusLC 
97Speke's WeaverPloceus spekeiRR 
98Jackson's WidowbirdEuplectes jacksoniNENT
99Zebra WaxbillAmandava subflavaRR 
100Black-faced WaxbillBrunhilda erythronotosRR 
101QuailfinchOrtygospiza atricollisRR 
102Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctusNE 
103Swahili SparrowPasser suahelicusNE 
104Cape WagtailMotacilla capensisLC 
105Bush PipitAnthus cafferLC 
106Pangani LongclawMacronyx aurantiigulaRR 
107Rosy-throated LongclawMacronyx ameliaeRR 
108Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicusRR 
109Southern Grosbeak-CanaryCrithagra buchananiNE 
110Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphuratusRR 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered