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DESCRIPTION

HALA-BALA WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

THAILAND
LOCALE

Area (ha):25,400
Altitude (m):100-1538
# Species*:271
# Excl Vagrants*:271
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:1
Species/100 ha*:1.1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Lowland rainforest, evergreen forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Crested PartridgeRollulus rouloulRRNT
2Malaysian PartridgeArborophila campbelliNE 
3Long-billed PartridgeRhizothera longirostrisRRNT
4Great ArgusArgusianus argusRRNT
5Little Green-PigeonTreron olaxRR 
6Large Green-PigeonTreron capelleiRRV
7Short-toed CoucalCentropus rectunguisRRV
8Raffles's MalkohaRhinortha chlorophaeusRR 
9Red-billed MalkohaZanclostormus javanicusRR 
10Black-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus diardiRRNT
11Chestnut-breasted MalkohaPhaenicophaeus curvirostrisRR 
12Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillusRR 
13Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosusRR 
14Gould's FrogmouthBatrachostomus stellatusRRNT
15Malaysian NightjarLyncornis temminckiiRR 
16Silver-rumped NeedletailRhaphidura leucopygialisRR 
17Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germaniRR 
18Gray-rumped TreeswiftHemiprocne longipennisRR 
19Whiskered TreeswiftHemiprocne comataRR 
20Masked FinfootHeliopais personatusRREN
21Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusRR 
22Blyth's Hawk-EagleNisaetus albonigerRR 
23Wallace's Hawk-EagleNisaetus nanusRRV
24Lesser Fish-EagleHaliaeetus humilisLCNT
25Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus NT
26White-fronted Scops-OwlOtus sagittatusLCV
27Reddish Scops-OwlOtus rufescensRRNT
28Barred Eagle-OwlBubo sumatranusRR 
29Buffy Fish-OwlKetupa ketupuRR 
30Red-naped TrogonHarpactes kasumbaRRNT
31Diard's TrogonHarpactes diardiiRRNT
32Cinnamon-rumped TrogonHarpactes orrhophaeusRRNT
33Scarlet-rumped TrogonHarpactes duvauceliiRRNT
34White-crowned HornbillBerenicornis comatusRRNT
35Rhinoceros HornbillBuceros rhinocerosRRNT
36Great HornbillBuceros bicornis NT
37Helmeted HornbillBuceros vigilRRNT
38Bushy-crested HornbillAnorrhinus galeritusRR 
39Black HornbillAnthracoceros malayanusRRNT
40Plain-pouched HornbillRhyticeros subruficollisRRV
41Wrinkled HornbillRhabdotorrhinus corrugatusRRNT
42Blue-banded KingfisherAlcedo peninsulaeRRNT
43Rufous-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx rufidorsaRR 
44Rufous-collared KingfisherActenoides concretusRRNT
45Red-bearded Bee-eaterNyctyornis amictusRR 
46Blue-throated Bee-eaterMerops viridisRR 
47Fire-tufted BarbetPsilopogon pyrolophusRR 
48Red-crowned BarbetPsilopogon rafflesiiRRNT
49Red-throated BarbetPsilopogon mystacophanosRRNT
50Yellow-crowned BarbetPsilopogon henriciiRRNT
51Gold-whiskered BarbetPsilopogon chrysopogonRR 
52Black-browed BarbetPsilopogon oortiRR 
53Malaysian HoneyguideIndicator archipelagicusRRNT
54Rufous PiculetSasia abnormisRR 
55Gray-and-buff WoodpeckerHemicircus concretusRR 
56Maroon WoodpeckerBlythipicus rubiginosusRR 
57Orange-backed WoodpeckerReinwardtipicus validusRR 
58Buff-necked WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tukkiRRNT
59Buff-rumped WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tristisRREN
60Olive-backed WoodpeckerDinopium rafflesiiRRNT
61Crimson-winged WoodpeckerPicus puniceusRR 
62Banded WoodpeckerChrysophlegma miniaceusRR 
63Checker-throated WoodpeckerChrysophlegma mentalisRR 
64Black-thighed FalconetMicrohierax fringillariusRR 
65Blue-crowned Hanging-ParrotLoriculus galgulusRR 
66Green BroadbillCalyptomena viridisRRNT
67Black-and-red BroadbillCymbirhynchus macrorhynchosRR 
68Black-and-yellow BroadbillEurylaimus ochromalusRRNT
69Garnet PittaErythropitta granatina NT
70Rusty-naped PittaHydrornis oatesiRR 
71Giant PittaHydrornis caeruleusRRNT
72Malayan Banded-PittaHydrornis irenaRRNT
73Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphureaRR 
74Black-winged Flycatcher-shrikeHemipus hirundinaceusRR 
75Rufous-winged PhilentomaPhilentoma pyrhopteraRR 
76Maroon-breasted PhilentomaPhilentoma velataRRNT
77Green IoraAegithina viridissimaRRNT
78Fiery MinivetPericrocotus igneusRRNT
79Lesser CuckooshrikeLalage fimbriataRR 
80Crested ShrikejayPlatylophus galericulatusRRNT
81Pied Shrike-BabblerPteruthius flaviscapisLC 
82Dark-throated OrioleOriolus xanthonotusRRNT
83Lesser Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus remiferLC 
84Spotted FantailRhipidura perlataRR 
85White-throated FantailRhipidura albicollisRR 
86Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata NT
87Common Green-MagpieCissa chinensisRR 
88Malaysian Rail-babblerEupetes macrocerusRRNT
89Pacific SwallowHirundo tahiticaRR 
90Puff-backed BulbulBrachypodius eutilotusRRNT
91Scaly-breasted BulbulPycnonotus squamatusRRNT
92Gray-bellied BulbulPycnonotus cyaniventrisRRNT
93Cream-vented BulbulPycnonotus simplexRR 
94Red-eyed BulbulPycnonotus brunneusRR 
95Spectacled BulbulPycnonotus erythropthalmosRR 
96Hairy-backed BulbulTricholestes crinigerRR 
97Finsch's BulbulAlophoixus finschiiRRNT
98Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceusRR 
99Gray-cheeked BulbulAlophoixus bresRR 
100Yellow-bellied BulbulAlophoixus phaeocephalusRR 
101Buff-vented BulbulIole olivaceaRRNT
102Mountain BulbulIxos mcclellandiiLC 
103Streaked BulbulIxos malaccensisRRNT
104Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusillaRR 
105Chestnut-crowned WarblerPhylloscopus castanicepsRR 
106Rufous-tailed TailorbirdOrthotomus sericeusRR 
107Everett's White-eyeZosterops everettiRR 
108Fluffy-backed Tit-BabblerMacronus ptilosusLCNT
109Golden BabblerCyanoderma chrysaeumRR 
110Chestnut-winged BabblerCyanoderma erythropterumRR 
111Chestnut-backed Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus montanusRR 
112Black-throated BabblerStachyris nigricollisRRNT
113Chestnut-rumped BabblerStachyris maculataLCNT
114Gray-headed BabblerStachyris poliocephalaRR 
115Moustached BabblerMalacopteron magnirostreRR 
116Scaly-crowned BabblerMalacopteron cinereumRR 
117Rufous-crowned BabblerMalacopteron magnumRRNT
118Rufous-winged FulvettaSchoeniparus castanecepsRR 
119Black-capped BabblerPellorneum capistratumRR 
120Short-tailed BabblerPellorneum malaccenseRRNT
121White-chested BabblerPellorneum rostratumRRNT
122Ferruginous BabblerPellorneum bicolorRR 
123Striped Wren-BabblerKenopia striataLCNT
124Horsfield's BabblerTurdinus sepiariusRR 
125Large Wren-BabblerTurdinus macrodactylusLCNT
126Brown FulvettaAlcippe brunneicaudaRRNT
127Mountain FulvettaAlcippe peracensisRR 
128Black LaughingthrushGarrulax lugubrisRR 
129Chestnut-capped LaughingthrushIanthocincla mitrataRR 
130Chestnut-crowned LaughingthrushTrochalopteron erythrocephalumRR 
131Brown-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa williamsoniRR 
132Rufous-tailed ShamaCopsychus pyrropygusRRNT
133Rufous-browed FlycatcherAnthipes solitarisRR 
134White-tailed FlycatcherCyornis concretusRR 
135Pale Blue FlycatcherCyornis unicolorLC 
136Malaysian Blue FlycatcherCyornis turcosusRRNT
137Brown-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis brunneatus V
138Gray-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis umbratilisRRNT
139Large NiltavaNiltava grandisRR 
140Chestnut-naped ForktailEnicurus ruficapillusRRNT
141Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimakiLC 
142Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanniRR 
143Rufous-chested FlycatcherFicedula dumetoriaRRNT
144Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpresRRNT
145Greater Green LeafbirdChloropsis sonneratiRR 
146Lesser Green LeafbirdChloropsis cyanopogonRRNT
147Yellow-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus maculatusRR 
148Crimson-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus percussusRR 
149Scarlet-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus thoracicusRRNT
150Orange-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum trigonostigmaRR 
151Fire-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum ignipectusLC 
152Plain SunbirdAnthreptes simplexRR 
153Red-throated SunbirdAnthreptes rhodolaemusRRNT
154Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasilianaRR 
155Black-throated SunbirdAethopyga saturataRR 
156Temminck's SunbirdAethopyga temminckiiRR 
157Thick-billed SpiderhunterArachnothera crassirostrisLC 
158Long-billed SpiderhunterArachnothera robustaRR 
159Yellow-eared SpiderhunterArachnothera chrysogenysRR 
160Spectacled SpiderhunterArachnothera flavigasterRR 
161Streaked SpiderhunterArachnothera magnaRR 
162Gray-breasted SpiderhunterArachnothera modestaRR 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered