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DESCRIPTION

HALA-BALA WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

THAILAND
LOCALE

Area (ha):25,400
Altitude (m):100-1538
# Species*:271
# Excl Vagrants*:271
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:1
Species/100 ha*:1.1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Lowland rainforest, evergreen forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Crested PartridgeRollulus rouloulRRNT
2Malayan PartridgeArborophila campbelliNE 
3Long-billed PartridgeRhizothera longirostrisRRNT
4Great ArgusArgusianus argusRRV
5Little Green-PigeonTreron olaxRR 
6Large Green-PigeonTreron capelleiRRV
7Short-toed CoucalCentropus rectunguisRRV
8Raffles's MalkohaRhinortha chlorophaeusRR 
9Red-billed MalkohaZanclostormus javanicusRR 
10Black-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus diardiRRNT
11Chestnut-breasted MalkohaPhaenicophaeus curvirostrisRR 
12Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillusRR 
13Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosusRR 
14Gould's FrogmouthBatrachostomus stellatusRRNT
15Malaysian Eared-NightjarLyncornis temminckiiRR 
16Silver-rumped NeedletailRhaphidura leucopygialisRR 
17Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germaniRR 
18Gray-rumped TreeswiftHemiprocne longipennisRR 
19Whiskered TreeswiftHemiprocne comataRR 
20Masked FinfootHeliopais personatusRREN
21Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinusRR 
22Blyth's Hawk-EagleNisaetus albonigerRR 
23Wallace's Hawk-EagleNisaetus nanusRRV
24Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii NT
25Lesser Fish-EagleHaliaeetus humilisLCNT
26Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus NT
27White-fronted Scops-OwlOtus sagittatusLCV
28Reddish Scops-OwlOtus rufescensRRNT
29Barred Eagle-OwlBubo sumatranusRR 
30Buffy Fish-OwlKetupa ketupuRR 
31Red-naped TrogonHarpactes kasumbaRRNT
32Diard's TrogonHarpactes diardiiRRNT
33Cinnamon-rumped TrogonHarpactes orrhophaeusRRNT
34Scarlet-rumped TrogonHarpactes duvauceliiRRNT
35White-crowned HornbillBerenicornis comatusRREN
36Rhinoceros HornbillBuceros rhinocerosRRV
37Great HornbillBuceros bicornis V
38Helmeted HornbillBuceros vigilRRCR
39Bushy-crested HornbillAnorrhinus galeritusRRNT
40Black HornbillAnthracoceros malayanusRRV
41Wreathed HornbillRhyticeros undulatus V
42Plain-pouched HornbillRhyticeros subruficollisRRV
43Wrinkled HornbillRhabdotorrhinus corrugatusRREN
44Blue-banded KingfisherAlcedo peninsulaeRRNT
45Rufous-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx rufidorsaRR 
46White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis V
47Rufous-collared KingfisherActenoides concretusRRNT
48Red-bearded Bee-eaterNyctyornis amictusRR 
49Blue-throated Bee-eaterMerops viridisRR 
50Sooty BarbetCaloramphus hayii NT
51Fire-tufted BarbetPsilopogon pyrolophusRR 
52Red-crowned BarbetPsilopogon rafflesiiRRNT
53Red-throated BarbetPsilopogon mystacophanosRRNT
54Yellow-crowned BarbetPsilopogon henriciiRRNT
55Gold-whiskered BarbetPsilopogon chrysopogonRR 
56Black-browed BarbetPsilopogon oortiRR 
57Malaysian HoneyguideIndicator archipelagicusRRNT
58Rufous PiculetSasia abnormisRR 
59Gray-and-buff WoodpeckerHemicircus concretusRR 
60Maroon WoodpeckerBlythipicus rubiginosusRR 
61Orange-backed WoodpeckerReinwardtipicus validusRR 
62Buff-necked WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tukkiRRNT
63Buff-rumped WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tristisRREN
64Olive-backed WoodpeckerDinopium rafflesiiRRNT
65Crimson-winged WoodpeckerPicus puniceusRR 
66Banded WoodpeckerChrysophlegma miniaceusRR 
67Checker-throated WoodpeckerChrysophlegma mentalisRR 
68Black-thighed FalconetMicrohierax fringillariusRR 
69Blue-crowned Hanging-ParrotLoriculus galgulusRR 
70Green BroadbillCalyptomena viridisRRNT
71Black-and-red BroadbillCymbirhynchus macrorhynchosRR 
72Banded BroadbillEurylaimus javanicus NT
73Black-and-yellow BroadbillEurylaimus ochromalusRRNT
74Garnet PittaErythropitta granatina NT
75Rusty-naped PittaHydrornis oatesiRR 
76Giant PittaHydrornis caeruleusRRNT
77Malayan Banded-PittaHydrornis irenaRRNT
78Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphureaRR 
79Fiery MinivetPericrocotus igneusRRNT
80Lesser CuckooshrikeLalage fimbriataRR 
81Pied Shrike-BabblerPteruthius flaviscapisLC 
82Dark-throated OrioleOriolus xanthonotusRRNT
83Black-winged Flycatcher-shrikeHemipus hirundinaceusRR 
84Rufous-winged PhilentomaPhilentoma pyrhopteraRR 
85Maroon-breasted PhilentomaPhilentoma velataRRNT
86Green IoraAegithina viridissimaRRNT
87Spotted FantailRhipidura perlataRR 
88White-throated FantailRhipidura albicollisRR 
89Lesser Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus remiferLC 
90Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata NT
91Crested ShrikejayPlatylophus galericulatusRRNT
92Common Green-MagpieCissa chinensisRR 
93Malaysian Rail-babblerEupetes macrocerusRRNT
94Rufous-tailed TailorbirdOrthotomus sericeusRR 
95Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusillaRR 
96Pacific SwallowHirundo tahiticaRR 
97Puff-backed BulbulBrachypodius eutilotusRRNT
98Scaly-breasted BulbulPycnonotus squamatusRRNT
99Gray-bellied BulbulPycnonotus cyaniventrisRRNT
100Cream-vented BulbulPycnonotus simplexRR 
101Red-eyed BulbulPycnonotus brunneusRR 
102Spectacled BulbulPycnonotus erythropthalmosRR 
103Hairy-backed BulbulTricholestes crinigerRR 
104Finsch's BulbulAlophoixus finschiiRRNT
105Yellow-bellied BulbulAlophoixus phaeocephalusRR 
106Gray-cheeked BulbulAlophoixus tephrogenysRRV
107Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceusRR 
108Buff-vented BulbulIole olivaceaRR 
109Mountain BulbulIxos mcclellandiiLC 
110Streaked BulbulIxos malaccensisRRNT
111Chestnut-crowned WarblerPhylloscopus castanicepsRR 
112Everett's White-eyeZosterops everettiRR 
113Fluffy-backed Tit-BabblerMacronus ptilosusLCNT
114Golden BabblerCyanoderma chrysaeumRR 
115Chestnut-winged BabblerCyanoderma erythropterumRR 
116Black LaughingthrushMelanocichla lugubrisRR 
117Chestnut-backed Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus montanusRR 
118Black-throated BabblerStachyris nigricollisRRNT
119Chestnut-rumped BabblerStachyris maculataLCNT
120Gray-headed BabblerStachyris poliocephalaRR 
121Large Wren-BabblerTurdinus macrodactylusLCNT
122Moustached BabblerMalacopteron magnirostreRR 
123Scaly-crowned BabblerMalacopteron cinereumRR 
124Rufous-crowned BabblerMalacopteron magnumRRNT
125Rufous-winged FulvettaSchoeniparus castanecepsRR 
126Black-capped BabblerPellorneum capistratumRR 
127Short-tailed BabblerPellorneum malaccenseRRNT
128White-chested BabblerPellorneum rostratumRRNT
129Ferruginous BabblerPellorneum bicolorRR 
130Striped Wren-BabblerKenopia striataLCNT
131Horsfield's BabblerMalacocincla sepiariaRR 
132Brown FulvettaAlcippe brunneicaudaRRNT
133Mountain FulvettaAlcippe peracensisRR 
134Chestnut-crowned LaughingthrushTrochalopteron erythrocephalumRR 
135Chestnut-capped LaughingthrushPterorhinus mitrataRRNT
136Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicus V
137Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpresRREN
138Brown-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa williamsoniRR 
139Rufous-tailed ShamaCopsychus pyrropygusRRNT
140Rufous-browed FlycatcherAnthipes solitarisRR 
141White-tailed FlycatcherCyornis concretusRR 
142Pale Blue FlycatcherCyornis unicolorLC 
143Malaysian Blue FlycatcherCyornis turcosusRRNT
144Brown-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis brunneatus V
145Gray-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis umbratilisRRNT
146Large NiltavaNiltava grandisRR 
147Chestnut-naped ForktailEnicurus ruficapillusRRNT
148Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimakiLC 
149Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanniRR 
150Rufous-chested FlycatcherFicedula dumetoriaRR 
151Yellow-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus maculatusRR 
152Crimson-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus percussusRR 
153Scarlet-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus thoracicusRRNT
154Orange-bellied FlowerpeckerDicaeum trigonostigmaRR 
155Fire-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum ignipectusLC 
156Plain SunbirdAnthreptes simplexRR 
157Red-throated SunbirdAnthreptes rhodolaemusRRNT
158Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasilianaRR 
159Black-throated SunbirdAethopyga saturataRR 
160Temminck's SunbirdAethopyga temminckiiRR 
161Thick-billed SpiderhunterArachnothera crassirostrisLC 
162Long-billed SpiderhunterArachnothera robustaRR 
163Yellow-eared SpiderhunterArachnothera chrysogenysRR 
164Spectacled SpiderhunterArachnothera flavigasterRR 
165Streaked SpiderhunterArachnothera magnaRR 
166Gray-breasted SpiderhunterArachnothera modestaRR 
167Greater Green LeafbirdChloropsis sonneratiRREN
168Lesser Green LeafbirdChloropsis cyanopogonRRNT
169Blue-winged LeafbirdChloropsis cochinchinensis EN

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered