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LAKE NAKURU NATIONAL PARK

KENYA
LOCALE

Area (ha):18,800
Altitude (m):1750-2070
# Species*:313
# Excl Vagrants*:312
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:4
Species/100 ha*:1.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Alkaline lake, woodland, grassland

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ostriches: Struthionidae

1Common OstrichStruthio camelus

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
3Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
4/Garganey/Spatula querquedula
5Hottentot TealSpatula hottentota
6/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeata
7Yellow-billed DuckAnas undulata
8Cape TealAnas capensis
9Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha
10/Northern Pintail/Anas acuta
11\Southern Pochard\Netta erythrophthalma
12/Tufted Duck/Aythya fuligula
13Maccoa DuckOxyura maccoa

 
Guineafowl: Numididae

14Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

15Hildebrandt's FrancolinPternistis hildebrandti
16Coqui FrancolinPeliperdix coqui

 
Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

17Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
18<Lesser Flamingo>Phoenicoparrus minor

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

19Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

20Speckled PigeonColumba guinea
21Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
22Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
23Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
24Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
25Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
26Namaqua DoveOena capensis

 
Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

27Black-faced SandgrousePterocles decoratus

 
Bustards: Otididae

28White-bellied BustardEupodotis senegalensis
29Black-bellied BustardLissotis melanogaster

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

30Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitarius
31Black CuckooCuculus clamosus
32/Common Cuckoo/Cuculus canorus
33White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
34Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
35/Great Spotted Cuckoo/Clamator glandarius
36Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
37Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

38/Eurasian Nightjar/Caprimulgus europaeus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

39|Common Swift|Apus apus
40Nyanza SwiftApus niansae
41Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
42Little SwiftApus affinis
43/Horus Swift/Apus horus
44African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

45Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
46Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata

 
Cranes: Gruidae

47Gray Crowned-CraneBalearica regulorum

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

48Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
49Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

50Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatus
51Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
52Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterus
53Crowned LapwingVanellus coronatus
54/Lesser Sand-Plover/Charadrius mongolus
55/Caspian Plover/Charadrius asiaticus
56Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
57/Common Ringed Plover/Charadrius hiaticula
58/Little Ringed Plover/Charadrius dubius
59Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

60<Greater Painted-Snipe>Rostratula benghalensis

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

61/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
62/Black-tailed Godwit/Limosa limosa
63/Ruddy Turnstone/Arenaria interpres
64/Ruff/Calidris pugnax
65/Curlew Sandpiper/Calidris ferruginea
66/Temminck's Stint/Calidris temminckii
67/Sanderling/Calidris alba
68/Little Stint/Calidris minuta
69/Terek Sandpiper/Xenus cinereus
70/Great Snipe/Gallinago media
71/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
72/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus
73/Spotted Redshank/Tringa erythropus
74/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
75/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
76/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola
77/Common Redshank/Tringa totanus

 
Crab Plover: Dromadidae

78Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

79Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
80/Black-headed Gull/Chroicocephalus ridibundus
81/Gull-billed Tern/Gelochelidon nilotica
82/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus
83Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

84/Black Stork/Ciconia nigra
85#Abdim's Stork#Ciconia abdimii
86/White Stork/Ciconia ciconia
87Saddle-billed StorkEphippiorhynchus senegalensis
88Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumenifer
89Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

90Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
91Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

92Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
93Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens

 
Hamerkop: Scopidae

94HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

95Gray HeronArdea cinerea
96Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
97Goliath HeronArdea goliath
98Purple HeronArdea purpurea
99Great EgretArdea alba
100Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
101Little EgretEgretta garzetta
102Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
103Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
104Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
105Striated HeronButorides striata

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

106Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
107African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
108Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash
109African SpoonbillPlatalea alba

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

110/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

111Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
112#Scissor-tailed Kite#Chelictinia riocourii
113African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
114/European Honey-buzzard/Pernis apivorus
115White-headed VultureTrigonoceps occipitalis
116Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos
117White-backed VultureGyps africanus
118Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelli
119BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus
120Black-chested Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralis
121Brown Snake-EagleCircaetus cinereus
122Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatus
123Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalis
124/Lesser Spotted Eagle/Clanga pomarina
125/Greater Spotted Eagle/Clanga clanga
126Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergi
127/Booted Eagle/Hieraaetus pennatus
128Tawny EagleAquila rapax
129/Steppe Eagle/Aquila nipalensis
130/Imperial Eagle/Aquila heliaca
131Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
132Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
133/Grasshopper Buzzard/Butastur rufipennis
134/Eurasian Marsh-Harrier/Circus aeruginosus
135/Pallid Harrier/Circus macrourus
136African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
137Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucus
138/Black Kite/Milvus migrans
139African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vocifer
140|Common Buzzard|Buteo buteo
141Augur BuzzardButeo augur

 
Owls: Strigidae

142Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanus
143Verreaux's Eagle-OwlBubo lacteus

 
Mousebirds: Coliidae

144Speckled MousebirdColius striatus
145Blue-naped MousebirdUrocolius macrourus

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

146/Eurasian Hoopoe/Upupa epops
147African Hoopoe**Upupa africana

 
Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

148Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureus
149Violet WoodhoopoePhoeniculus damarensis
150Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelas

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

151African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutus

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

152Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
153Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
154Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
155Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maxima
156Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

157White-fronted Bee-eaterMerops bullockoides
158/White-throated Bee-eater/Merops albicollis
159\Madagascar Bee-eater\Merops superciliosus
160|European Bee-eater|Merops apiaster
161/Northern Carmine Bee-eater/Merops nubicus

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

162/European Roller/Coracias garrulus
163Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus
164Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naevius
165Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
African Barbets: Lybiidae

166Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillus
167White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus

 
Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

168Pallid HoneyguideIndicator meliphilus
169Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minor
170Scaly-throated HoneyguideIndicator variegatus
171Greater HoneyguideIndicator indicator

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

172Rufous-necked WryneckJynx ruficollis
173Cardinal WoodpeckerChloropicus fuscescens
174Bearded WoodpeckerChloropicus namaquus
175African Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus goertae
176Mountain Gray WoodpeckerChloropicus spodocephalus
177Nubian WoodpeckerCampethera nubica

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

178/Lesser Kestrel/Falco naumanni
179/Eurasian Kestrel/Falco tinnunculus
180Greater KestrelFalco rupicoloides
181|Amur Falcon|Falco amurensis
182|Eleonora's Falcon|Falco eleonorae
183|Sooty Falcon|Falco concolor
184/Eurasian Hobby/Falco subbuteo
185Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

186Meyer's ParrotPoicephalus meyeri

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

187Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flava

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

188/Eurasian Golden Oriole/Oriolus oriolus
189African Black-headed OrioleOriolus larvatus

 
Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

190Chinspot BatisBatis molitor

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

191White HelmetshrikePrionops plumatus
192Gray-crested HelmetshrikePrionops poliolophus

 
Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae

193BrubruNilaus afer
194Northern PuffbackDryoscopus gambensis
195Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
196Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australis
197Tropical BoubouLaniarius major

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

198Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

199African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

200/Red-backed Shrike/Lanius collurio
201/Isabelline Shrike/Lanius isabellinus
202|Lesser Gray Shrike|Lanius minor
203Gray-backed FiscalLanius excubitoroides
204Northern FiscalLanius humeralis

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

205Cape CrowCorvus capensis
206Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

207White-bellied TitMelaniparus albiventris

 
Larks: Alaudidae

208Foxy LarkCalendulauda alopex
209Rufous-naped LarkMirafra africana
210Red-capped LarkCalandrella cinerea

 
African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

211Red-faced CrombecSylvietta whytii

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

212Gray-backed Camaroptera**Camaroptera brevicaudata
213Buff-bellied WarblerPhyllolais pulchella
214Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
215Gray ApalisApalis cinerea
216Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflava
217Gray-capped WarblerEminia lepida
218Rattling CisticolaCisticola chiniana
219Wailing CisticolaCisticola lais
220Winding Cisticola**Cisticola marginatus
221Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

222/Eastern Olivaceous Warbler/Iduna pallida
223|Olive-tree Warbler|Hippolais olivetorum
224/Marsh Warbler/Acrocephalus palustris
225/Eurasian Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus scirpaceus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

226Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
227/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia
228Banded MartinRiparia cincta
229Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
230/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
231Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
232Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
233Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensis
234/Common House-Martin/Delichon urbicum
235Black SawwingPsalidoprocne pristoptera
236Gray-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopyga

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

237Slender-billed GreenbulStelgidillas gracilirostris
238Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

239/Willow Warbler/Phylloscopus trochilus

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

240African Hill BabblerSylvia abyssinica
241/Eurasian Blackcap/Sylvia atricapilla
242/Garden Warbler/Sylvia borin
243Brown ParisomaSylvia lugens
244/Greater Whitethroat/Sylvia communis

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

245Kikuyu White-eyeZosterops kikuyuensis

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

246Rufous ChattererTurdoides rubiginosa
247Arrow-marked BabblerTurdoides jardineii

 
Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

248Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorynchus

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

249Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
250Hildebrandt's StarlingLamprotornis hildebrandti
251Rueppell's StarlingLamprotornis purpuroptera
252Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbus
253Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

254Abyssinian ThrushTurdus abyssinicus
255African ThrushTurdus pelios

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

256African Dusky FlycatcherMuscicapa adusta
257|Spotted Flycatcher|Muscicapa striata
258African Gray FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchus
259White-eyed Slaty-FlycatcherMelaenornis fischeri
260Brown-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas hartlaubi
261Red-backed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas leucophrys
262Cape Robin-ChatCossypha caffra
263Rueppell's Robin-ChatCossypha semirufa
264White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heuglini
265|Thrush Nightingale|Luscinia luscinia
266/Common Nightingale/Luscinia megarhynchos
267/Common Redstart/Phoenicurus phoenicurus
268Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereus
269/Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush/Monticola saxatilis
270/Whinchat/Saxicola rubetra
271Mocking Cliff-ChatThamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
272Northern Anteater-ChatMyrmecocichla aethiops
273/Northern Wheatear/Oenanthe oenanthe
274/Isabelline Wheatear/Oenanthe isabellina
275/Pied Wheatear/Oenanthe pleschanka
276Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubris

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

277Eastern Violet-backed SunbirdAnthreptes orientalis
278Green-headed SunbirdCyanomitra verticalis
279Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
280Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
281Bronze SunbirdNectarinia kilimensis
282Golden-winged SunbirdDrepanorhynchus reichenowi
283Northern Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris reichenowi
284Shining SunbirdCinnyris habessinicus
285Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustus

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

286Baglafecht WeaverPloceus baglafecht
287Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularis
288Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermedius
289Speke's WeaverPloceus spekei
290Long-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes progne

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

291Yellow-bellied WaxbillCoccopygia quartinia
292Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopyga
293Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
294Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalus
295Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogaster
296Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegala
297African FirefinchLagonosticta rubricata
298Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

299Kenya Rufous SparrowPasser rufocinctus
300Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

301Mountain WagtailMotacilla clara
302/Western Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla flava
303African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
304/White Wagtail/Motacilla alba
305African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
306Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
307Plain-backed PipitAnthus leucophrys
308/Red-throated Pipit/Anthus cervinus
309Yellow-throated LongclawMacronyx croceus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

310Reichenow's SeedeaterCrithagra reichenowi
311Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphuratus

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

312Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
313Golden-breasted BuntingEmberiza flaviventris

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.