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TARGET BIRDS

VIETNAM BIRDING TRIP REPORT

TRIP REPORT
VIETNAM

Start:01/08/2016
End:01/27/2016
Duration:20 days
#Species:300
#Endemics:11
#Heard Only:19

BIRD CHECKLIST

List of bird species seen or heard during the tour. The table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. Names in parentheses (if any) are new official names in the revised Clements updates.* See sidebar for meaning of location codes and symbols associated with common names.
h = heard only; g = seen by guide only

color codes

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

1Rufous-throated PartridgeArborophila rufogularisTDh,VDTg
2Bar-backed PartridgeArborophila brunneopectusDLN,VDTh
3|Orange-necked Partridge|Arborophila davidiCTh
4Scaly-breasted PartridgeArborophila chloropusCT
5Tonkin Partridge**Arborophila tonkinensisCPh
6Green PeafowlPavo muticusCT
7Germain's Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron germainiCT
8Chinese FrancolinFrancolinus pintadeanusYDh
9Red JunglefowlGallus gallusCT,YD
10Silver PheasantLophura nycthemeraDLN

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

11Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisVDT,VLNR

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

12Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusCT,YD

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

13Little CormorantMicrocarbo nigerCT,YD

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

14Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterCT

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

15Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisVLNR
16Purple HeronArdea purpureaVLNR
17Great EgretArdea albaVLNR
18Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaX2
19Little EgretEgretta garzettaVLNR,X1,X2
20Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisCT,DLN,VDT,X2
X5,YD
21Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchusCT,DLN,VDT
VLNR,X3,X5,X6
YD
22Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxCT

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

23/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusCT

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

24Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusCTg
25Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheelaDLN,YD
26Mountain Hawk-EagleNisaetus nipalensisVDT
27|Black Eagle|Ictinaetus malaiensisDLN
28Rufous-winged BuzzardButastur liventerDLN
29ShikraAccipiter badiusYD
30Brahminy KiteHaliastur indusCTg

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

31White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusCTg
32White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinereaVLNR
33WatercockGallicrex cinereaVLNR
34Black-backed SwamphenPorphyrio indicusVLNR
35Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusVLNR

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

36Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusCT,VDTh

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

37/Pheasant-tailed Jacana/Hydrophasianus chirurgusVLNR

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

38/Eurasian Woodcock/Scolopax rusticolaCP
39/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropusX3

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

40Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumCT

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

41Rock PigeonColumba liviaDLNg
42Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaCT
43Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisCPh,CT,DLN
VDT,X5
44Barred Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia unchallDLN,VDT
45Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indicaCT,VDT
46Zebra DoveGeopelia striataCT
47Orange-breasted PigeonTreron bicinctusCT
48Ashy-headed Green-PigeonTreron phayreiCT
49Thick-billed PigeonTreron curvirostraCT
50Yellow-footed PigeonTreron phoenicopterusYDg
51Yellow-vented PigeonTreron seimundiVDT
52<Pin-tailed Pigeon>Treron apicaudaDLN,VDL,,,
VCT
53Wedge-tailed PigeonTreron sphenurusDLNg
54White-bellied PigeonTreron sieboldiiCPh
55Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aeneaYDg
56Mountain Imperial-PigeonDucula badiaCT,DLN,VDT

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

57Greater CoucalCentropus sinensisCT,VDT,YD
58Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensisCT
59Green-billed MalkohaPhaenicophaeus tristisCP,CT,DLN,VDT
60Large Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx sparverioidesCT
61Hodgson's Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx nisicolorVDT
62Banded Bay CuckooCacomantis sonneratiiCT,DLNh,VDTh
63Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinusCTh,DLNh

 
Owls: Strigidae

64Mountain Scops-OwlOtus spilocephalusVDTh
65Collared OwletGlaucidium brodieiCP,VDTh
66Asian Barred OwletGlaucidium cuculoidesCT,YD
67Brown BoobookNinox scutulataCTh

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

68Great Eared-NightjarLyncornis macrotisCT
69/Gray Nightjar/Caprimulgus jotakaVDT
70Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurusCT

 
Swifts: Apodidae

71Silver-backed NeedletailHirundapus cochinchinensisDLN
72Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germaniCT,DLN
73House SwiftApus nipalensisVDT,X4g

 
Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

74Crested TreeswiftHemiprocne coronataYD

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

75Red-headed TrogonHarpactes erythrocephalusCPh,DLN
76Orange-breasted TrogonHarpactes oreskiosCT

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

77Great HornbillBuceros bicornisCT
78Oriental Pied-HornbillAnthracoceros albirostrisCT

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

79Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisVDT,VLNR,X1
YDh
80Banded KingfisherLacedo pulchellaCT
81White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensisCT,DLN,VDT

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

82Blue-bearded Bee-eaterNyctyornis athertoniVDT,YD
83Chestnut-headed Bee-eaterMerops leschenaultiCT,DLN,YD

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

84Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisCT,DLN,X6,YD

 
Asian Barbets: Megalaimidae

85Coppersmith BarbetPsilopogon haemacephalusCT,YD
86Blue-eared BarbetPsilopogon duvauceliiCT
87Red-vented BarbetPsilopogon lagrandieriCP,CTh,DLNh
VDTh
88Green-eared BarbetPsilopogon faiostrictusCT
89Lineated BarbetPsilopogon lineatusCT,YD
90Golden-throated BarbetPsilopogon frankliniiDLN,TD,VDT
91Indochinese BarbetPsilopogon annamensisDLN,VDT

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

92White-browed PiculetSasia ochraceaCP,CT
93Gray-capped WoodpeckerDendrocopos canicapillusVDT,YD
94Lesser YellownapePicus chlorolophusCT
95Greater YellownapePicus flavinuchaCPh,CT,DLN
VDTh
96Laced WoodpeckerPicus vittatusCT
97Red-collared WoodpeckerPicus rabieriCP
98Black-headed WoodpeckerPicus erythropygiusYD
99Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canusCP
100Common FlamebackDinopium javanenseCPh,CT,YD
101Pale-headed WoodpeckerGecinulus grantiaCT
102Black-and-buff WoodpeckerMeiglyptes jugularisCT
103Greater FlamebackChrysocolaptes guttacristatusCT
104Bay WoodpeckerBlythipicus pyrrhotisCP,DLN,VDT,YD
105Heart-spotted WoodpeckerHemicircus canenteCT
106Great Slaty WoodpeckerMulleripicus pulverulentusCT

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

107Collared FalconetMicrohierax caerulescensCT
108Pied FalconetMicrohierax melanoleucosCP

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

109Blossom-headed ParakeetPsittacula roseataCT
110Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandriCT,YD
111Vernal Hanging-ParrotLoriculus vernalisCT,DLN

 
Asian and Grauer's Broadbills: Eurylaimidae

112Long-tailed BroadbillPsarisomus dalhousiaeVDT
113Dusky BroadbillCorydon sumatranusCT

 
Pittas: Pittidae

114Blue-rumped PittaHydrornis sororCP
115Blue PittaHydrornis cyaneusDLNh
116Bar-bellied PittaHydrornis elliotiiCP,CT

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

117Common WoodshrikeTephrodornis pondicerianusCTg
118Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrikeHemipus picatusCT,DLN,VDT

 
Woodswallows: Artamidae

119Ashy WoodswallowArtamus fuscusCT,DLN

 
Ioras: Aegithinidae

120Common IoraAegithina tiphiaCP,CT,YD
121Great IoraAegithina lafresnayeiCP,CT

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

122Gray-chinned MinivetPericrocotus solarisDLN,VDT
123Scarlet MinivetPericrocotus speciosusCP,CT,DLN,VDT
YD
124/Ashy Minivet/Pericrocotus divaricatusCT,DLN,YD
125Large CuckooshrikeCoracina maceiCPh
126Black-winged CuckooshrikeLalage melaschistosVDT
127Indochinese CuckooshrikeLalage poliopteraYD

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

128/Brown Shrike/Lanius cristatusCT,DLN
129Burmese ShrikeLanius collurioidesDLN,VDT
130/Gray-backed Shrike/Lanius tephronotusCP

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

131Dalat Shrike-BabblerPteruthius annamensisVDT
132Clicking Shrike-BabblerPteruthius intermediusVDT
133White-bellied ErpornisErpornis zantholeucaCP,DLN,VDT

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

134/Black-naped Oriole/Oriolus chinensisCT,YD
135Slender-billed OrioleOriolus tenuirostrisVDT
136Black-hooded OrioleOriolus xanthornusCT,YD
137Maroon OrioleOriolus trailliiDLN,VDT

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

138Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusX1,X2,X3,X5
139Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusCT,DLN,VDT,YD
140Crow-billed DrongoDicrurus annectansCT
141Bronzed DrongoDicrurus aeneusCP,CT
142Lesser Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus remiferCT,DLN,VDT
143Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottusCT,DLN,YD
144Greater Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus paradiseusCPh,CT,YD

 
Fantails: Rhipiduridae

145White-throated FantailRhipidura albicollisDLN,TD,VDT

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

146Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azureaCT
147Blyth's Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone affinisCT

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

148Eurasian JayGarrulus glandariusVDTg
149White-winged MagpieUrocissa whiteheadiCP
150Common Green-MagpieCissa chinensisCPh
151Indochinese Green-MagpieCissa hypoleucaDLN,VDT
152Rufous TreepieDendrocitta vagabundaYD
153Racket-tailed TreepieCrypsirina temiaCT
154Ratchet-tailed TreepieTemnurus temnurusCPh

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

155/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaCT,DLN,YD
156/Red-rumped Swallow/Cecropis dauricaCT,DLN,YD
157/Common House-Martin/Delichon urbicumVDTg

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

158Gray-headed Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensisCP,DLN,VDT

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

159Green-backed TitParus monticolusVDT
160Yellow-cheeked TitMachlolophus spilonotusVDT
161Sultan TitMelanochlora sultaneaCP,TD

 
Long-tailed Tits: Aegithalidae

162Black-throated TitAegithalos concinnusDLN,VDT

 
Nuthatches: Sittidae

163Burmese NuthatchSitta neglectaYDg
164Chestnut-vented NuthatchSitta nagaensisVDT
165Velvet-fronted NuthatchSitta frontalisYD
166Yellow-billed NuthatchSitta solangiaeVDT

 
Treecreepers: Certhiidae

167Hume's TreecreeperCerthia manipurensisVDT

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

168Black-headed BulbulPycnonotus atricepsCT
169Black-crested BulbulPycnonotus flaviventrisCP,CT,DLN,VDT
YD
170Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusVDT,X1g
171Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigasterCT,VDT,X1,YD
172Stripe-throated BulbulPycnonotus finlaysoniCP,CT
173Flavescent BulbulPycnonotus flavescensDLN,VDT
174Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavierYD
175Streak-eared BulbulPycnonotus blanfordiCT
176Puff-throated BulbulAlophoixus pallidusCP,DLN,VDT
177Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceusCT
178Gray-eyed BulbulIole propinquaCP,DLN
179Black BulbulHypsipetes leucocephalusDLN,TD,VDT
180Ashy BulbulHemixos flavalaDLN,VDT
181Chestnut BulbulHemixos castanonotusTD
182Mountain BulbulIxos mcclellandiiVDT

 
Cupwings: Pnoepygidae

183Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusillaVDTh

 
Bush-Warblers and Allies: Cettiidae

184Pale-footed Bush-WarblerUrosphena pallidipesCT
185/Asian Stubtail/Urosphena squameicepsCP
186Gray-bellied TesiaTesia cyaniventerVDT
187Yellow-bellied WarblerAbroscopus superciliarisCT,TD,VDT
188Mountain TailorbirdPhyllergates cucullatusVDTh

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

189/Yellow-browed Warbler/Phylloscopus inornatusCP,CT,TD,VDT
YD
190|Eastern Crowned Leaf Warbler|Phylloscopus coronatusTD
191Limestone Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus calciatilisCPg
192|Sulphur-breasted Warbler|Phylloscopus rickettiVDTg
193/Gray-crowned Warbler/Seicercus tephrocephalusCP,TD
194Bianchi's WarblerSeicercus valentiniVDT
195White-spectacled WarblerSeicercus affinisTD,VDT
196Gray-cheeked WarblerSeicercus poliogenysTD,VDT
197Chestnut-crowned WarblerSeicercus castanicepsTD

 
Reed-Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

198/Oriental Reed-Warbler/Acrocephalus orientalisVLNRh

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

199Common TailorbirdOrthotomus sutoriusCP,CT,TD,X1
200Dark-necked TailorbirdOrthotomus atrogularisCT,DLN
201Hill PriniaPrinia superciliarisVDT
202Rufescent PriniaPrinia rufescensCP,CT,TD
203Yellow-bellied PriniaPrinia flaviventrisCT,VLNR

 
Parrotbills, Wrentit, and Allies: Paradoxornithidae

204Black-headed ParrotbillPsittiparus margaritaeDLN,VDT
205Short-tailed ParrotbillNeosuthora davidianaTD

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

206Striated YuhinaYuhina castanicepsX2h
207Black-chinned YuhinaYuhina nigrimentaTD

 
Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies: Timaliidae

208Chestnut-capped BabblerTimalia pileataVDT
209Pin-striped Tit-BabblerMixornis gularisCP,CT,DLN,TD
210Gray-faced Tit-BabblerMixornis kelleyiCT,DLN
211Golden BabblerCyanoderma chrysaeumTD
212Rufous-capped BabblerCyanoderma ruficepsDLN,VDT
213Red-billed Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus ochraceicepsDLN
214Streak-breasted Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus ruficollisTDh
215White-browed Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus schisticepsVDT
216Large Scimitar-BabblerMegapomatorhinus hypoleucosCPh,DLNh
217Spot-necked BabblerStachyris strialataDLN,TDh

 
Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

218Scaly-crowned BabblerMalacopteron cinereumCP
219Rufous-throated FulvettaSchoeniparus rufogularisCP
220Puff-throated BabblerPellorneum ruficepsCP
221Buff-breasted BabblerPellorneum tickelliCT
222Abbott's BabblerTurdinus abbottiCT
223Limestone Wren-BabblerTurdinus crispifronsCP
224Streaked Wren-BabblerTurdinus brevicaudatusCPg

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

225David's FulvettaAlcippe davidiTD
226Mountain FulvettaAlcippe peracensisDLN,VDT
227Black-browed FulvettaAlcippe groteiCP,TD
228Vietnamese CutiaCutia legalleniVDT
229White-crested LaughingthrushGarrulax leucolophusCT,VDT,YD
230Lesser Necklaced LaughingthrushGarrulax monilegerCPh,YD
231Black-hooded LaughingthrushGarrulax milletiDLN,VDT
232Gray LaughingthrushGarrulax maesiTD,X2h
233Orange-breasted LaughingthrushGarrulax annamensisDLN,VDT
234Black-throated LaughingthrushIanthocincla chinensisTDg
235White-cheeked LaughingthrushIanthocincla vassaliDLN,VDT
236Collared LaughingthrushTrochalopteron yersiniVDT
237Black-headed SibiaHeterophasia desgodinsiDLN,VDT
238Rufous-backed SibiaMinla annectensVDT
239Gray-crowned CrociasCrocias langbianisVDT
240Blue-winged MinlaActinodura cyanouropteraVDT

 
Fairy-bluebirds: Irenidae

241Asian Fairy-bluebirdIrena puellaCT,DLN,VDT

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

242/Dark-sided Flycatcher/Muscicapa sibiricaCPg,CTg
243/Asian Brown Flycatcher/Muscicapa dauuricaCT,VDT,YD
244Oriental Magpie-RobinCopsychus saularisCP,CT
245White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricusCP,CT
246Rufous-browed FlycatcherAnthipes solitarisDLN,VDT
247Blue-throated FlycatcherCyornis rubeculoidesCP
248Hill Blue-FlycatcherCyornis banyumasDLN
249Tickell's Blue-FlycatcherCyornis tickelliaeCT
250Large NiltavaNiltava grandisVDT
251/Fujian Niltava/Niltava davidiCP
252Verditer FlycatcherEumyias thalassinusCP,VDT
253/Rufous-tailed Robin/Larvivora sibilansCP
254/Siberian Blue Robin/Larvivora cyaneCT,VDT
255Blue Whistling-ThrushMyophonus caeruleusCPg,TDg,X2g
256Slaty-backed ForktailEnicurus schistaceusVDT
257White-tailed RobinCinclidium leucurumCP,TD,VDT,X2
258/Red-flanked Bluetail/Tarsiger cyanurusCP,TD
259/Mugimaki Flycatcher/Ficedula mugimakiDLN,VDT
260Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythraVDT
261Rufous-gorgeted FlycatcherFicedula strophiataVDTh
262Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanniVDTg
263Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitariusCT
264Stejneger's Stonechat**Saxicola stejnegeriX2
265Gray BushchatSaxicola ferreusVDT

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

266Orange-headed ThrushGeokichla citrinaCP,CT,X2
267/Gray-backed Thrush/Turdus hortulorumCP,X2
268/Japanese Thrush/Turdus cardisCP,X2
269/Eyebrowed Thrush/Turdus obscurusVDTg
270Green CochoaCochoa viridisTDh,VDTh

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

271Golden-crested MynaAmpeliceps coronatusCT,YD
272Common Hill MynaGracula religiosaCTg
273Black-collared StarlingGracupica nigricollisVDT,YD
274White-shouldered StarlingSturnia sinensisX1g
275Common MynaAcridotheres tristisDLNg,X4g,X6g

 
Leafbirds: Chloropseidae

276Blue-winged LeafbirdChloropsis cochinchinensisCP,CT,VDT
277Golden-fronted LeafbirdChloropsis aurifronsYDg
278Orange-bellied LeafbirdChloropsis hardwickiiTD,VDT

 
Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

279Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agileCT
280Yellow-vented FlowerpeckerDicaeum chrysorrheumYD
281Fire-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum ignipectusVDT
282Scarlet-backed FlowerpeckerDicaeum cruentatumCP,CT

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

283Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasilianaCT
284Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticusCT,YD
285Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularisCT,YD
286Black-throated SunbirdAethopyga saturataDLN,VDT
287Gould's SunbirdAethopyga gouldiaeDLN,VDT
288Crimson SunbirdAethopyga siparajaCP,CT
289Fork-tailed SunbirdAethopyga christinaeCP,TD
290Little SpiderhunterArachnothera longirostraCTg
291Purple-naped SpiderhunterArachnothera hypogrammicumCT
292Streaked SpiderhunterArachnothera magnaCPh,DLN,VDT

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

293/Gray Wagtail/Motacilla cinereaDLN,VDT,X3,YD
294/White Wagtail/Motacilla albaX1
295Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulusX6

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

296Vietnamese GreenfinchChloris monguillotiVDT
297Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraVDT

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

298Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusDLN,TD,VDT,X1
X2,X4,X5,X6
X7

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

299White-rumped MuniaLonchura striataVDT
300Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataYD

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

BIRDING LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

 

Limestone Wren-Babbler - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours White-browed Crake - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Black Bulbul - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Black-headed Woodpecker - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Gray-crowned Crocias - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Black-crowned Parrotbill - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Blue-bearded Bee-eater - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Vietnamese Greenfinch - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Dalat Shrike-Babbler - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours Mountain Hawk-Eagle - © James F Wittenberger and Exotic Birding Tours