↑ORIENT">
ORIENT↑

↑VIETNAM">
VIETNAM↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK

VIETNAM
LOCALE

Area (ha):74,000
Altitude (m):110-300
# Species:360
# Excl Vagrants:360
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:3
Species/100 ha:0.5
Habitat: Primary & secondary evergreen forest, freshwater wetlands, lakes, grasslands

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaC
2Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusC
3/Garganey/Spatula querquedula?
4White-winged DuckAsarcornis 1?

 
Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

5|Orange-necked Partridge|Arborophila davidi?
6Scaly-breasted PartridgeArborophila chloropus?
7Tonkin Partridge**Arborophila tonkinensis?
8Green PeafowlPavo muticusFC
9Germain's Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron germainiUC
10Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis?
11Chinese FrancolinFrancolinus pintadeanus?
12Red JunglefowlGallus gallusC
13Silver PheasantLophura nycthemeraFC
14Siamese FirebackLophura diardiFC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

15Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

16Rock PigeonColumba livia?
17/Oriental Turtle-Dove/Streptopelia orientalis?
18Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaA
19Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis?
20Barred Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia unchall?
21Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indicaUC
22Pink-necked Green-PigeonTreron vernans?
23Orange-breasted Green-PigeonTreron bicinctusUC
24Sri Lanka Green-PigeonTreron pompadoraFC
25Ashy-headed Green-PigeonTreron phayrei?
26Thick-billed Green-PigeonTreron curvirostraC
27<Pin-tailed Green-Pigeon>Treron apicauda?
28Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aeneaFC
29Mountain Imperial-PigeonDucula badia?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

30Indian CuckooCuculus micropterus?
31(Common Cuckoo)Cuculus canorus?
32|Himalayan Cuckoo|Cuculus saturatusUC
33Greater CoucalCentropus sinensisFC
34Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensisUC
35Green-billed MalkohaPhaenicophaeus tristisFC
36Chestnut-winged CuckooClamator coromandus?
37Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus?
38Asian Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx maculatus?
39Violet CuckooChrysococcyx xanthorhynchus?
40Fork-tailed Drongo-CuckooSurniculus dicruroidesUC
41Large Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx sparverioidesUC
42Hodgson's Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx nisicolor?
43Banded Bay CuckooCacomantis sonneratiiFC
44Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinusFC

 
Frogmouths: Podargidae

45Blyth's FrogmouthBatrachostomus affinis?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

46Great Eared-NightjarLyncornis macrotisC
47Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurusFC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

48|White-throated Needletail|Hirundapus caudacutus?
49Silver-backed NeedletailHirundapus cochinchinensisFC
50Brown-backed NeedletailHirundapus giganteusUC
51/Himalayan Swiftlet/Aerodramus brevirostrisFC
52Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germani?
53House SwiftApus nipalensis?
54Asian Palm-SwiftCypsiurus balasiensisFC

 
Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

55Crested TreeswiftHemiprocne coronata?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

56Slaty-breasted RailLewinia striatus?
57Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusUC
58Black-backed SwamphenPorphyrio indicusFC
59WatercockGallicrex cinerea?
60White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusFC
61Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata?
62Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca?
63/Baillon's Crake/Zapornia pusilla?

 
Cranes: Gruidae

64Sarus CraneAntigone antigone?

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

65Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

66/Gray-headed Lapwing/Vanellus cinereus?
67Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusFC
68Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius?

 
Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

69Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

70/Pheasant-tailed Jacana/Hydrophasianus chirurgus?
71Bronze-winged JacanaMetopidius indicusC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

72/Common Snipe/Gallinago gallinago?
73/Pin-tailed Snipe/Gallinago stenuraUC
74/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos?
75/Green Sandpiper/Tringa ochropus?
76/Spotted Redshank/Tringa erythropus?
77/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia?
78/Wood Sandpiper/Tringa glareola?

 
Buttonquail: Turnicidae

79|Yellow-legged Buttonquail|Turnix tanki?
80Barred ButtonquailTurnix suscitator?

 
Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

81Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumC

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

82Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

83Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusUC
84Lesser AdjutantLeptoptilos javanicusUC

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

85Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterFC

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

86Little CormorantMicrocarbo niger?
87/Indian Cormorant/Phalacrocorax fuscicollis?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

88Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisUC
89Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeusFC
90Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis?
91Gray HeronArdea cinereaUC
92Purple HeronArdea purpureaFC
93Great EgretArdea albaFC
94Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaFC
95Little EgretEgretta garzettaFC
96Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisFC
97Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchusFC
98Striated HeronButorides striataUC
99Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax?
100Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophus?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

101/White-shouldered Ibis/Pseudibis davisoni?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

102/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

103Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus?
104Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusUC
105Jerdon's BazaAviceda jerdoni?
106Black BazaAviceda leuphotesUC
107Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela?
108Changeable Hawk-EagleNisaetus limnaeetusUC
109Mountain Hawk-EagleNisaetus nipalensis?
110Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii?
111|Black Eagle|Ictinaetus malaiensis?
112/Gray-faced Buzzard/Butastur indicus?
113/Eastern Marsh-Harrier/Circus spilonotus?
114/Pied Harrier/Circus melanoleucosUC
115Crested GoshawkAccipiter trivirgatus?
116ShikraAccipiter badiusUC
117|Chinese Sparrowhawk|Accipiter soloensis?
118|Japanese Sparrowhawk|Accipiter gularis?
119BesraAccipiter virgatus?
120/Black Kite/Milvus migrans?
121Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus?
122White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogasterR
123Lesser Fish-EagleHaliaeetus humilis?
124Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

125Oriental Bay-OwlPhodilus badius?

 
Owls: Strigidae

126Mountain Scops-OwlOtus spilocephalus?
127Collared Scops-OwlOtus lettiaUC
128Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia?
129Spot-bellied Eagle-OwlBubo nipalensis?
130Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis?
131Tawny Fish-OwlKetupa flavipes?
132Buffy Fish-OwlKetupa ketupu?
133Collared OwletGlaucidium brodiei?
134Asian Barred OwletGlaucidium cuculoides?
135Brown BoobookNinox scutulataUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

136Red-headed TrogonHarpactes erythrocephalus?
137Orange-breasted TrogonHarpactes oreskiosFC

 
Hoopoes: Upupidae

138Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops?

 
Hornbills: Bucerotidae

139Great HornbillBuceros bicornisUC
140Oriental Pied-HornbillAnthracoceros albirostrisFC
141Wreathed HornbillRhyticeros undulatusUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

142Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisUC
143Blue-eared KingfisherAlcedo meninting?
144Black-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx erithaca?
145Banded KingfisherLacedo pulchellaFC
146Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensisUC
147|Ruddy Kingfisher|Halcyon coromanda?
148White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensisFC
149/Black-capped Kingfisher/Halcyon pileataUC
150Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisFC

 
Bee-eaters: Meropidae

151Blue-bearded Bee-eaterNyctyornis athertoniUC
152Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalisFC
153Blue-throated Bee-eaterMerops viridis?
154Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus?
155Chestnut-headed Bee-eaterMerops leschenaultiC

 
Rollers: Coraciidae

156Indochinese RollerCoracias affinisFC
157Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalisFC

 
Asian Barbets: Megalaimidae

158Coppersmith BarbetPsilopogon haemacephalusFC
159Blue-eared BarbetPsilopogon duvauceliiFC
160Red-vented BarbetPsilopogon lagrandieriUC
161Green-eared BarbetPsilopogon faiostrictusFC
162Lineated BarbetPsilopogon lineatusFC
163Blue-throated BarbetPsilopogon asiaticusUC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

164Speckled PiculetPicumnus innominatus?
165White-browed PiculetSasia ochraceaUC
166Heart-spotted WoodpeckerHemicircus canenteUC
167Gray-capped WoodpeckerYungipicus canicapillus?
168Bay WoodpeckerBlythipicus pyrrhotisUC
169Rufous WoodpeckerMicropternus brachyurus?
170Black-and-buff WoodpeckerMeiglyptes jugularisUC
171Pale-headed WoodpeckerGecinulus grantia?
172Common FlamebackDinopium javanenseUC
173Lesser YellownapePicus chlorolophusUC
174Laced WoodpeckerPicus vittatusFC
175Black-headed WoodpeckerPicus erythropygius?
176Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canusUC
177Greater YellownapeChrysophlegma flavinucha?
178Greater FlamebackChrysocolaptes guttacristatusUC
179Great Slaty WoodpeckerMulleripicus pulverulentusR
180White-bellied WoodpeckerDryocopus javensis?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

181White-rumped FalconPolihierax insignis?
182Collared FalconetMicrohierax caerulescens?
183/Eurasian Kestrel/Falco tinnunculus?
184Oriental HobbyFalco severus?
185/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus?

 
Parrots: Psittaculidae

186Blossom-headed ParakeetPsittacula roseata?
187Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandriA
188Vernal Hanging-ParrotLoriculus vernalisC

 
Asian and Grauer's Broadbills: Eurylaimidae

189Black-and-red BroadbillCymbirhynchus macrorhynchosUC
190Long-tailed BroadbillPsarisomus dalhousiae?
191Banded BroadbillEurylaimus javanicusUC
192Dusky BroadbillCorydon sumatranusFC

 
Pittas: Pittidae

193Blue-rumped PittaHydrornis sororUC
194Bar-bellied PittaHydrornis elliotiiFC
195(Blue-winged Pitta)Pitta moluccensisUC

 
Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

196Scarlet MinivetPericrocotus speciosusFC
197/Ashy Minivet/Pericrocotus divaricatusUC
198/Brown-rumped Minivet/Pericrocotus cantonensis?
199/Rosy Minivet/Pericrocotus roseus?
200Large CuckooshrikeCoracina macei?
201Indochinese CuckooshrikeLalage polioptera?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

202Pied Shrike-BabblerPteruthius flaviscapisUC
203White-bellied ErpornisErpornis zantholeucaUC

 
Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

204/Black-naped Oriole/Oriolus chinensisUC
205Black-hooded OrioleOriolus xanthornusC
206Maroon OrioleOriolus traillii?

 
Woodswallows, Bellmagpies, and Allies: Artamidae

207Ashy WoodswallowArtamus fuscusFC

 
Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

208Large WoodshrikeTephrodornis virgatus?
209Common WoodshrikeTephrodornis pondicerianus?
210Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrikeHemipus picatusUC

 
Ioras: Aegithinidae

211Common IoraAegithina tiphiaFC
212Great IoraAegithina lafresnayeiFC

 
Drongos: Dicruridae

213Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusFC
214Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusUC
215Crow-billed DrongoDicrurus annectens?
216Bronzed DrongoDicrurus aeneusFC
217Lesser Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus remiferFC
218Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottusFC
219Greater Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus paradiseusC

 
Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

220Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azureaFC
221Blyth's Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone affinisUC

 
Shrikes: Laniidae

222/Brown Shrike/Lanius cristatusUC
223Burmese ShrikeLanius collurioides?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

224Indochinese Green-MagpieCissa hypoleuca?
225Rufous TreepieDendrocitta vagabunda?
226Racket-tailed TreepieCrypsirina temiaFC
227Ratchet-tailed TreepieTemnurus temnurusFC
228Himalayan Crow**Corvus intermedius?
229Collared CrowCorvus pectoralis?

 
Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

230Gray-headed Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensis?

 
Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

231Cinereous TitParus cinereus?

 
Larks: Alaudidae

232Indochinese BushlarkMirafra erythrocephala?
233Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula?

 
Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

234Common TailorbirdOrthotomus sutorius?
235Dark-necked TailorbirdOrthotomus atrogularisC
236Rufescent PriniaPrinia rufescensFC
237Gray-breasted PriniaPrinia hodgsonii?
238Yellow-bellied PriniaPrinia flaviventrisFC
239Plain PriniaPrinia inornata?
240Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidisUC
241Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilisFC

 
Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

242/Thick-billed Warbler/Arundinax aedonUC
243/Black-browed Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus bistrigicepsUC
244/Blunt-winged Warbler/Acrocephalus concinens?
245/Oriental Reed Warbler/Acrocephalus orientalis?

 
Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

246/Pallas's Grasshopper-Warbler/Locustella certhiola?
247/Lanceolated Warbler/Locustella lanceolata?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

248/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia?
249/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaFC
250Pacific SwallowHirundo tahiticaC
251/Red-rumped Swallow/Cecropis dauricaC
252Striated SwallowCecropis striolataFC
253/Common House-Martin/Delichon urbicum?

 
Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

254Black-headed BulbulBrachypodius atricepsFC
255Black-crested BulbulPycnonotus flaviventrisC
256Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus?
257Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigasterFC
258Stripe-throated BulbulPycnonotus finlaysoniC
259Streak-eared BulbulPycnonotus conradiFC
260Puff-throated BulbulAlophoixus pallidus?
261Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceusFC
262Gray-eyed BulbulIole propinquaFC
263Black BulbulHypsipetes leucocephalusUC

 
Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

264/Yellow-browed Warbler/Phylloscopus inornatusFC
265/Radde's Warbler/Phylloscopus schwarzi?
266/Dusky Warbler/Phylloscopus fuscatus?
267/Pallas's Leaf-Warbler/
(Pallas's Leaf Warbler)
Phylloscopus proregulus?
268|Eastern Crowned Warbler|Phylloscopus coronatusUC
269/Greenish Warbler/Phylloscopus trochiloidesUC
270/Pale-legged Leaf Warbler/Phylloscopus tenellipesUC
271/Arctic Warbler/Phylloscopus borealis?
272|Sulphur-breasted Warbler|Phylloscopus ricketti?

 
Bush Warblers and Allies: Scotocercidae

273Pale-footed Bush WarblerUrosphena pallidipes?
274/Asian Stubtail/Urosphena squameiceps?
275Yellow-bellied WarblerAbroscopus superciliaris?

 
Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

276Yellow-eyed BabblerChrysomma sinense?

 
White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

277Hume's White-eyeZosterops auriventer?

 
Tree-Babblers, Scimitar-Babblers, and Allies: Timaliidae

278Chestnut-capped BabblerTimalia pileataUC
279Pin-striped Tit-BabblerMixornis gularisC
280Gray-faced Tit-BabblerMixornis kelleyiUC
281White-browed Scimitar-BabblerPomatorhinus schisticeps?
282Large Scimitar-BabblerMegapomatorhinus hypoleucos?
283Gray-throated BabblerStachyris nigriceps?

 
Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

284Scaly-crowned BabblerMalacopteron cinereumUC
285Collared BabblerGampsorhynchus torquatus?
286Puff-throated BabblerPellorneum ruficepsFC
287Buff-breasted BabblerPellorneum tickelli?
288Abbott's BabblerTurdinus abbotti?

 
Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

289Mountain FulvettaAlcippe peracensis?
290Black-browed FulvettaAlcippe grotei?
291White-crested LaughingthrushGarrulax leucolophusFC
292Lesser Necklaced LaughingthrushGarrulax monileger?
293Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorus?
294Black-throated LaughingthrushIanthocincla chinensis?

 
Nuthatches: Sittidae

295Velvet-fronted NuthatchSitta frontalisUC

 
Starlings: Sturnidae

296Golden-crested MynaAmpeliceps coronatusFC
297Common Hill MynaGracula religiosaFC
298Black-collared StarlingGracupica nigricollis?
299Chestnut-tailed StarlingSturnia malabarica?
300Common MynaAcridotheres tristis?
301Vinous-breasted StarlingAcridotheres burmannicusFC
302Great MynaAcridotheres grandis?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

303Orange-headed ThrushGeokichla citrina?

 
Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

304/Dark-sided Flycatcher/Muscicapa sibirica?
305/Asian Brown Flycatcher/Muscicapa dauuricaFC
306Oriental Magpie-RobinCopsychus saularisFC
307White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricusC
308Hainan Blue FlycatcherCyornis hainanusUC
309Blue-throated FlycatcherCyornis rubeculoides?
310Indochinese Blue FlycatcherCyornis sumatrensisUC
311|Blue-and-white Flycatcher|Cyanoptila cyanomelana?
312Verditer FlycatcherEumyias thalassinusFC
313/Rufous-tailed Robin/Larvivora sibilans?
314/Siberian Blue Robin/Larvivora cyaneUC
315/Bluethroat/Luscinia svecica?
316Blue Whistling-ThrushMyophonus caeruleusUC
317Slaty-backed ForktailEnicurus schistaceus?
318/Siberian Rubythroat/Calliope calliope?
319White-tailed RobinMyiomela leucurum?
320Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaUC
321/White-throated Rock-Thrush/Monticola gularis?
322/Blue Rock-Thrush/Monticola solitariusC
323Stejneger's Stonechat**Saxicola stejnegeriUC
324Pied BushchatSaxicola caprataUC

 
Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

325Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile?
326Yellow-vented FlowerpeckerDicaeum chrysorrheumFC
327Nilgiri FlowerpeckerDicaeum concolor?
328Scarlet-backed FlowerpeckerDicaeum cruentatumFC

 
Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

329Ruby-cheeked SunbirdChalcoparia singalensisFC
330Brown-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensisUC
331Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasilianaFC
332Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticus?
333Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularisFC
334Crimson SunbirdAethopyga siparajaUC
335Little SpiderhunterArachnothera longirostraUC
336Streaked SpiderhunterArachnothera magna?
337Purple-naped SpiderhunterKurochkinegramma hypogrammicumUC

 
Fairy-bluebirds: Irenidae

338Asian Fairy-bluebirdIrena puellaFC

 
Leafbirds: Chloropseidae

339Blue-winged LeafbirdChloropsis cochinchinensisFC
340Golden-fronted LeafbirdChloropsis aurifronsUC
341Orange-bellied LeafbirdChloropsis hardwickii?

 
Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

342Streaked WeaverPloceus manyar?
343Baya WeaverPloceus philippinusUC
344Asian Golden WeaverPloceus hypoxanthusFC

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

345<Pin-tailed Parrotfinch>Erythrura prasina?
346White-rumped MuniaLonchura striataFC
347Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataFC

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

348Plain-backed SparrowPasser flaveolus?
349Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

350/Forest Wagtail/Dendronanthus indicusUC
351/Gray Wagtail/Motacilla cinerea?
352/Eastern Yellow Wagtail/Motacilla tschutschensis?
353/White Wagtail/Motacilla alba?
354/Richard's Pipit/Anthus richardiUC
355Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus?
356/Olive-backed Pipit/Anthus hodgsoniUC

 
Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

357/Chestnut-eared Bunting/Emberiza fucata?
358/Yellow-breasted Bunting/Emberiza aureola?
359/Chestnut Bunting/Emberiza rutila?

 
Hispanhiolan Tanagers: Phaenicophilidae

360Zebra DoveGeopelia striata?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain