# Species:352
# Excl Vagrants:352
# Endemics:47
# Near Endemics:4
Habitat: Remnant dry forest, scrub


Sumidouro is a village located in a much drier area in the rain shadow north of Serra dos Orgaos. Birding is mostly along roads through the region. The primary target bird is the endangered Three-toed Jacamar, which can usually be found in several patches of remnant dry forest. The species was once common but is now restricted to only a few sites in these degraded forests. Many other birds are also of interest in this area. Notable examples are Red-legged Seriema, Blue-winged Macaw, White-eyed Parakeet, Blue-winged Parrolet, Scaly-headed Parrot, Planalto Hermit, Sapphire-spangled Emerald, White-eared Puffbird, Black-necked Aracari, Firewood-gatherer, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, White-rumped Monjita, Swainson's Flycatcher, Streamer-tailed Tyrant, Long-tailed Tyrant, Tawny-headed Swallow, Curl-crested Jay, Orange-headed Tanager, Gilt-edged Tanager, Uniform Finch, Gray-eyed Greenlet, and Pileated Finch.

A dirt road near Carmo is a good place to find both the rare Rio de Janeiro Antbird and Three-toed Jacamar. The site is reached by turning west at the petrol station just south of Carmo onto a dirt road. After 2½ km at a site where forest is on both sides of the roads is a good place to look for the jacamar. Just before a wooden gate is reached 5¼ km farther down the road is some thick vegetation where both the antbird and the jacamar can be found. A grassy wetland area near Duas Barras en route to Carmo is a good place to find Ash-throated Crake and Blackish Rail.


Sumidouro is a small town located about 45 minutes northeast of Teresopolis on BR116. From Guapi Assu it's about a 3 hour drive including birding stops.